Baltic Shipyard

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Baltic Shipyard
TypeOpen joint-stock company
Revenue$166 million[1] (2017)
-$2.58 million[1] (2017)
$45.9 million[1] (2017)
Total assets$1.82 billion[1] (2017)
Total equity$41.8 million[1] (2017)
ParentUnited Shipbuilding Corporation
Icebreaker Moscow during the final stage of construction on the Baltic Shipyard, 2008
May 1900: Launch of the battleship Pobeda (Victory) on the Baltic Shipyard
Luftwaffe aerial reconnaissance photo of the Ordzhonikidze and Marti (No. 194) Shipyards in Leningrad

The OJSC Baltic Shipyard (Baltiysky Zavod, formerly Shipyard 189) (Russian: Балтийский завод имени С. Орджоникидзе) is one of the oldest shipyards in Russia and is part of United Shipbuilding Corporation today.

It is located in Saint Petersburg in the south-western part of Vasilievsky Island. It is one of the three shipyards active in Saint Petersburg. Together with the Admiralty Shipyard it has been responsible for building many Imperial Russian battleships as well as Soviet nuclear-powered icebreakers. Currently it specializes in merchant ships while the Admiralty yard specializes in diesel-electric submarines. in addition, it is responsible for construction of Russian floating nuclear power stations.


The shipyard was founded in 1856 by the St. Petersburg merchant M. Carr and the Scotsman Murdoch. L. MacPherson. It subsequently became the Carr and MacPherson yard.[2] In 1864 it built two monitors of the Uragan class.[2] In 1874 the shipyard was sold to Prince Ochtomski.[2]

In 1934 the shipyard started work on the three prototypes for the S-class submarine, based on a German design produced by the Dutch company Ingenieurskantoor voor Scheepsbouw. The Soviets renamed the shipyard Zavod 189 'im. Sergo Ordzhonikidze' on 30 December 1936.[citation needed]

At the time of the collapse of Vladimir Vinogradov's Inkombank during the 1998 Financial crisis, Inkombank held a 16% stake in Baltic Shipyard.[3][4]

XXI century[edit]

Nowadays the shipyard manufactures warships, large tonnage cargo and ice-class vessels.[5] As of 2021, it employs more than 6000 people. It has built more than 600 vessels.[6]

In 2011 the shipyard came under control of JSC United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC), its vice-president Valery Venkov took the CEO post.[5]

In the mid-2010s the shipyard launched a series of Project 22220, the largest and most powerful nuclear-powered ice-breakers designed to ensure year-round navigation in the western Arctic.[7][8] In June 2016, nuclear icebreaker ‘Arktika’ was launched. On September 22, 2017, ‘Sibir’ was floated out.[9][10] On May 25, 2019, the 173 metre-long nuclear-powered arctic ice breaker ‘Ural’ had its ceremonial launch.[11] The technical laying of the fourth vessel, named ‘Yakutia’, took place on May 26, 2020.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e
  2. ^ a b c Polmar, Norman; Noot, Jurrien (1991). "Submarine building yards". Submarines of the Russian and Soviet Navies, 1718-1990 (Google Books) (illustrated ed.). Naval Institute Press. pp. 325–326. ISBN 0-87021-570-1. Retrieved 2009-07-05.
  3. ^ Березанская, Елена (Berezanskaya, Elena); Евстигнеева, Елена (Evstigneeva, Elena); Козырев, Михаил (Kozyrev, Mikhail) (15 May 1999). "Все, что нажито непосильным трудом. Как делили промышленный холдинг Инкомбанка. "Ведомости" провели расследование вывода промышленных активов из Инкомбанка после августовского кризиса 1998 г. Вот его результаты (см. также стр. А1). Банк - отдельно, заводы - отдельно" [Everything that is acquired by back-breaking labor How the industrial holding of Inkombank was divided "Vedomosti" conducted an investigation into the withdrawal of industrial assets from Inkombank after the August 1998 crisis. Here are the results (see also p. A1). Bank - separately, factories - separately]. Vedomosti (in Russian). Archived from the original on 17 May 2001. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  4. ^ "Таблица к статье "Все, что нажито непосильным трудом"" [Table to the article "Everything that is acquired by back-breaking labor"]. Vedomosti (in Russian). 15 May 2001. Archived from the original on 17 May 2001. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  5. ^ a b "USC takes over Baltic Shipyard, CEO steps down". Port News. 2011-10-11. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  6. ^ "Baltic Shipyard marks successful loading of shield tank duo onto the 22220 nuclear icebreaker Yakutia". Port News. 2021-10-26. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  7. ^ "The 22220 series lead icebreaker "Arktika" begins acceptance trials". Port News. 2021-11-24. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  8. ^ Manaranche, M. (2021-11-19). "Russian First Serial Project 22220 Nuclear Icebreaker Starts Sea Trials". Naval News. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  9. ^ "Icebreaker Sibir begins sea trials". World Nuclear News. 2021-11-18. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  10. ^ Humpert, M. (2017-09-04). "New icebreakers further expand Russia's access to Arctic". High North News. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  11. ^ "Third ROSATOM LK-60Ya-class ship launched at Baltic Shipyard". Rosatom. 2019-05-25. Retrieved 2021-12-13.
  12. ^ "Baltic Shipyard to Start Building Third Serial Project 22220 Nuclear Icebreaker". Sea News. 2020-05-15. Retrieved 2021-12-13.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°55′53″N 30°15′29″E / 59.93139°N 30.25806°E / 59.93139; 30.25806