Baltimore City Fire Department

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Baltimore City Fire Department (BCFD)
Baltimore City Fire Department .jpg
"Pride Protecting People"
Operational area
Country  United States
State  Maryland
City Baltimore
Agency overview[1]
Established 1859 (Founded 1797)
Annual calls ~235,000
Employees 1,800
Staffing Career
Fire chief Niles Ford
EMS level ALS & BLS
IAFF 734
Facilities and equipment[2]
Battalions 6
Stations 38 (Including 1 Fireboat Station)
Engines 31
Trucks 17
Squads 4
Rescues 1
Ambulances 37
HAZMAT 3
Helicopters 2
Fireboats 2
Light and air 2
Website
Official website
IAFF website

The Baltimore City Fire Department (BCFD) provides fire protection and emergency medical services to the city of Baltimore, Maryland. Founded in 1797 and established in 1859, the Baltimore City Fire Department covers an area of 81 square miles (210 km2) of land and 11 square miles (28 km2) of water, with a resident population of over 640,000 and a daytime population of over 1,000,000.[1] The BCFD responds to approximately 235,000 emergency calls annually.

History[edit]

Baltimore's early firefighting was performed by volunteers. The various companies engaged in serious rivalries, resulting in what a Baltimore mayor termed "irregularities".[3] For example, gangs operating out of firehouses participated in the Know-Nothing Riot of 1856. A municipal organization was established in 1859.

The Great Baltimore Fire in 1904 burned for thirty hours straight and decimated a major part of central Baltimore, including over 1,500 buildings. Mutual aid companies from as far away as Washington D.C., Philadelphia and New York City were called in to assist. The fire led to uniform national standards in fire fighting equipment and protocols. As with other large fires of the time, it was a predecessor to the stringent fire codes of today.

Operations[edit]

The Baltimore City Fire Department responds from 38 Fire Stations located throughout the city. The BCFD operates 31 Engine Companies, 17 Truck Companies, 4 Squad Companies, 1 Rescue Company, 1 Fireboat, 24 Medic Units, 11 Critical Alert Medic Units, 2 Peak Medic Units, 2 Medical Assist Cars (M.A.C.), as well as numerous other special, support, and reserve units. These companies are organized into 6 Battalions, each under the command of a Battalion Chief. Each Battalion Chief reports to the on-duty Shift Commander.

Staffing[edit]

Each BCFD frontline Engine Company and each frontline Truck Company is staffed by an officer and five firefighters per shift. Each Engine Company is staffed by a Lieutenant or Captain, a Pump Operator (Driver), and four Firefighters each shift. One or more of the four Firefighters is either an emergency medical technician or a paramedic. Each Truck Company is staffed by a Lieutenant or Captain, an Emergency Vehicle Driver (EVD) (two Drivers if the Truck operates a tractor-drawn apparatus), and 3-4 Firefighters each shift. One or more of the three or four Firefighters is either an EMT or Paramedic. The Captain of a BCFD company is in command of that company. In a fire station with more than one fire company, the senior Captain of one of the two or more companies is the "house Captain", in command of the fire station that the two or more companies share. Each BCFD Medic Unit is staffed by two Paramedics per shift. Each Battalion Chief's Unit is operated by a Battalion Chief and his/her Aide/Driver.

Stations and Apparatus[edit]

Neighborhood Engine Truck EMS Squad/Rescue Command Special
Federal Hill Engine 2 [4]
Waverly Engine 4 Truck 29 [5]
Fells Point Engine 5 Truck 3 Medic 10 [6]
Old Town Engine 6 Truck 1 MAC 6, Medics 7 & 24 Battalion 2 Mobile Command Unit,
Water Tower 1, AirFLEX 2
[7]
Sandtown-Winchester Engine 8 Truck 10 Medic 15 Battalion 3 Decon 1 [8]
Greektown Truck 20 Medic 20 [9]
Madison Park Engine 13 Truck 16 Medic 4 [10]
Beechfield Engine 14 Medic 21 [11]
Walbrook Engine 20 Truck 18 Medic 8 [11]
Hampden Engine 21 Medic 19 [12]
Downtown Engine 23 Medic 1, 22 & 23
MAC 23, EMS 2
Rescue 1, SCUBA 1 Battalion 6 AirFLEX 1, HazMat 1 & 3 [13]
Locust Point Engine 26 Truck 6 Medic 5 EMS Chief [14]
Belair-Edison Engine 27 Truck 26 [15]
Park Heights Engine 29 Medic 17 [16]
Edmondson Engine 30 Truck 8 Medic 12 [17]
Waverly Engine 31 Medic 3 [18]
East Baltimore Midway Truck 5 Medic 16, EMS 3 [19]
Broadway East Engine 33 [20]
Brooklyn Engine 35
Foam Engine 35
Truck 21 Medic 9 [21]
Edmondson Engine 36 [22]
Dorchester Truck 12 Medic 11 Squad 40 Battalion 5 [23]
Highlandtown Engine 41 Battalion 1

[24]

Lauraville Engine 42 Medic 6 Battalion 4 [25]
Chinquapin Engine 43 Medic 18 [26]
Roland Park Engine 44 Truck 25 [27]
Mount Washington Engine 45 Truck 27 Medic 14 [28]
Morrell Park Squad 47 [29]
Butchers Hill Engine 50 Medic 2, EMS 5 [30]
Butchers Hill Engine 51 [31]
Mondawmin Engine 52 [32]
Edmondson Village Engine 53 [33]
Gardenville Truck 30 Medic 13 Squad 54 [34]
Pigtown Engine 55 Truck 23 [35]
Hamilton Engine 56 [36]
Curtis Bay Engine 57 [37]
Cherry Hill Engine 58 [38]
Fort McHenry Fire Boat 1, Fire Boat 2
Rescue Boat 1, Rescue Boat 2
[39]

In popular culture[edit]

The movie Ladder 49 portrays the BCFD, with a fictional truck company (referred to as a ladder company in the film).[40] Additionally members of the BCFD served as advisors for the film.

Baltimore Riots of 2015[edit]

Main article: 2015 Baltimore riots

During the Baltimore riots that took place from April 27, 2015 to April 28, the Baltimore Fire Department was backed up with multiple calls and also battled against rioters. Many fire trucks were damaged by rioters where bottles and rocks were thrown at the fire trucks as they were responding to incidents. In one case there is also video footage of a rioter cutting a fire truck's fire hose in an effort to hinder their effectiveness. The Baltimore Fire Department responded to 144 vehicle fires and 15 structure fires during the course of the riots. Many surrounding areas such as the Anne Arundel County fire department sent crews to Baltimore to help the Baltimore Fire Department during the riots.[41]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Message From The Chief". Baltimore City Fire Department. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  2. ^ "Fire / BCFD Leadership Team". Baltimore City Fire Department. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Clarence H. Forrest (1898). Official history of the fire department of the city of Baltimore: together with biographies and portraits of eminent citizens of Baltimore. Williams & Wilkins. pp. 56–57. Retrieved January 7, 2011. 
  4. ^ "Station of Engine 2". Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  5. ^ "Station of Engine 2". Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  6. ^ "Station of Engine 5". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "Station of Engine 6". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Station of Engine 8". Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  9. ^ "Station of Truck 20". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "Station of Engine 13". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Station of Engine 21". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "Station of Engine 20". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  13. ^ "Station of Engine 23". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  14. ^ "Station of Engine 26". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  15. ^ "Station of Engine 27". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  16. ^ "Station of Engine 29". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  17. ^ "Station of Engine 30". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  18. ^ "Station of Engine 31". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  19. ^ "Station of Truck 5". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  20. ^ "Station of Engine 33". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  21. ^ "Station of Engine 35". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  22. ^ "Station of Engine 36". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  23. ^ "Station of Squad 40". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  24. ^ "Station of Engine 41". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  25. ^ "Station of Engine 42". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  26. ^ "Station of Engine 43". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  27. ^ "Station of Engine 44". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  28. ^ "Station of Engine 45". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  29. ^ "Station of Squad 47". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  30. ^ "Station of Engine 50". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  31. ^ "Station of Engine 51". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  32. ^ "Station of Engine 52". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  33. ^ "Station of Engine 53". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  34. ^ "Station of Squad 54". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  35. ^ "Station of Engine 55". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  36. ^ "Station of Engine 56". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  37. ^ "Station of Engine 57". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  38. ^ "Station of Engine 58". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  39. ^ "Station of Fire Boats". BCFD IAFF. Retrieved 4 February 2015. 
  40. ^ "Baltimore Fire Lieutenant Shares Experience As 'Ladder 49' Technical Advisor". Firehouse. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  41. ^ "Stretched thin, Baltimore Fire Department calls in backup". Retrieved 2015-04-29. 

External links[edit]