Baltimore Streetcar Museum

Coordinates: 39°18′42″N 76°37′12″W / 39.31167°N 76.62000°W / 39.31167; -76.62000
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39°18′42″N 76°37′12″W / 39.31167°N 76.62000°W / 39.31167; -76.62000
Baltimore Streetcar Museum
An 1896 open car in operation at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum
EstablishedJune 8, 1966; 56 years ago (1966-06-08)
Location1911 Falls Road, Baltimore, Maryland, 21211
Key holdingsOperating streetcars

Track gauge
By transport mode
Tram · Rapid transit
Miniature · Scale model
By size (list)
Graphic list of track gauges

  Fifteen inch 381 mm (15 in)

  • 600 mm
  • 610 mm
  • 686 mm
  • (1 ft 11+58 in)
  • (2 ft)
  • (2 ft 3 in)
  • 750 mm
  • 760 mm
  • 762 mm
  • (2 ft 5+12 in)
  • (2 ft 5+1516 in)
  • (2 ft 6 in)
  • 891 mm
  • 900 mm
  • 914 mm
  • 950 mm
  • (2 ft 11+332 in)
  • (2 ft 11+716 in)
  • (3 ft)
  • (3 ft1+1332 in)
  Metre 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in)
  Three foot six inch 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
  Four foot 1,219 mm (4 ft 0 in)
  Four foot six inch 1,372 mm (4 ft 6 in)
  1432 mm 1,432 mm (4 ft 8+38 in)

  Standard 1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)

  • 1,445 mm
  • 1,450 mm
  • (4 ft 8+78 in)
  • (4 ft 9+332 in)
  Leipzig gauge 1,458 mm (4 ft 9+1332 in)
  Toronto gauge 1,495 mm (4 ft 10+78 in)
  • 1,520 mm
  • 1,524 mm
  • (4 ft 11+2732 in)
  • (5 ft)
  • 1,581 mm
  • 1,588 mm
  • 1,600 mm
  • (5 ft 2+14 in)
  • (5 ft 2+12 in)
  • (5 ft 3 in)
  Baltimore gauge 1,638 mm (5 ft 4+12 in)
  • 1,668 mm
  • 1,676 mm
  • (5 ft 5+2132 in)
  • (5 ft 6 in)
  Six foot 1,829 mm (6 ft)
  Brunel 2,140 mm (7 ft 14 in)
Change of gauge
Break-of-gauge · Dual gauge ·
Conversion (list· Bogie exchange · Variable gauge
By location
North America · South America · Europe · Australia
World map, rail gauge by region

The Baltimore Streetcar Museum (BSM) is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit museum.[1] It is located at 1911 Falls Road (MD 25) in Baltimore, Maryland.[2] The museum is dedicated to preserving Baltimore's public transportation history, especially the streetcar era.

Exhibits and displays[edit]

Operating streetcars[edit]

During public operations, the Baltimore Streetcar Museum offers rides to visitors on various streetcars including:

Car #264[edit]

United Railways and Electric Company convertible model built in 1900 by the Brownell Car Company. The car has hand brakes only.[3]

Car #4533[edit]

United Railways and Electric Company One-Man Safety model, built as a handbrake two-man car in 1904 by J. G. Brill Company, rebuilt by UR&E as a one-man safety car in 1924, rebuilt again by BTCo as a Company rail conductivity testing car and renumbered 3550, lasting in service until 1963; Returned to its 1924 appearance in a recent Museum rebuilding.[3]

Car #6119[edit]

United Railways and Electric Company Peter Witt streetcar model, built in 1930 by J. G. Brill Company. A predecessor of the PCC car and about equal to one in every respect; In service until 1955.

Car #7407[edit]

Baltimore Transit Company Presidents' Conference Committee (PCC) streetcar, built by the Pullman Company. At present this is the only regularly operating Pullman PCC in any museum. This car was built in 1944, and became the very last streetcar to turn a revenue wheel for BTC on November 3, 1963.[4][5]

Car #2168[edit]

SEPTA PCC streetcar #2168 running on Museum tracks in 2019

Philadelphia SEPTA PCC streetcar placed in service at the Museum in September 2009. This car was built by the St. Louis Car Co. for the Philadelphia Transportation Company in 1947, and lasted in SEPTA service until 1992.

Car #1164[edit]

United Railways and Electric Company 12-bench open Brill 22-A model, built in 1902 by J. G. Brill Company. This car is also handbrake only. as of winter 2018 this car is under Restoration, due to return to service in summer 2020.

Car #554[edit]

Baltimore traction company car 554, a Brownell Car Company 9-bench open summer car built in 1896, this car is handbrake only, this car had a 5-year restoration completed in the summer of 2018.[6]

Car #417[edit]

Built by the Baltimore City Passenger Railway as a horse car, later re-built as a cable car trailer, and finally into an electric car in 1895, is the Museum's newest restoration. This car operates on special occasions and is reported to be the oldest operating electric streetcar in America.

Santa's Streetcar[edit]

In December, the Museum holds a "Santa's Streetcar" event on two weekends, decorating one of the streetcars in Christmas finery as Santa Claus welcomes children.

Machine shop[edit]

The machine shop at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum is one of the largest and well equipped shops of any streetcar museum in the United States. In many instances, parts for Baltimore Streetcar Museum and other museums are custom fabricated.

Library collection[edit]

The Baltimore Streetcar Museum houses the library collections of the Baltimore Streetcar Museum and the National Railway Historical Society (Baltimore Chapter), formally known as Maryland Rail Heritage Library.[7]

Additional information[edit]

The Museum's website has detailed information about its operational equipment, as well as vehicles awaiting restoration (see Collection Highlights). Also provided are illustrations of surviving Baltimore area sites from the city's once-extensive streetcar network.[8][9]

Volunteer operating staff[edit]

The Museum's streetcar operations is handled by an all-volunteer staff, composed exclusively of Museum members.[10] Training is provided by the Museum's Training Department during a formal eleven week educational program. Recruitment is periodically advertised through the Museum's newsletter which all Museum members receive.

Museum rentals[edit]

The Baltimore Streetcar Museum is also available for private parties for children and adults alike.[11] The BSM's Visitor Center facilities feature an auditorium, the "Trolley Theatre," streetcar rides, and tours of the carhouse, where visitors view other historical transit equipment, such as an 1859 horse car, a crane car, and an electric bus, known as a trackless trolley or trolleybus.


The Baltimore Streetcar Museum was founded as a nonprofit organization on June 8, 1966, by several members of the Baltimore Chapter of the National Railroad Historical Society.[12][13] The City of Baltimore agreed to build the museum and lease it to the nonprofit organization for one dollar per year.[14] The groundbreaking ceremony was held on November 4, 1967.[15] Opening day was August 30, 1968.[16][17]

The original Museum collection consisted of equipment used by the former United Railways and Electric Company and Baltimore Transit Company (BTCO) services, which was held for a short time, the Maryland Historical Society after Baltimore ceased streetcar service. The collection was moved from what was at the time Robert E. Lee Park, near Lake Roland, in 1968 to the present Falls Road Maryland and Pennsylvania Railroad site and public operations began in July 1970.[12] Before public operations could commence, many hours of volunteer work were necessary to build operating track and install overhead wire which, at first, provided only a short ride for visitors.[12]

Over the years, the Museum has incrementally extended its line along Falls Road that includes now turning loops at the north and south ends of its line.[12] Completion of the Museum's entire streetcar line was realized in October 2008 with the completion of its double tracking project, which took many years to complete.[12] The track gauge continues to be the unique 5 ft 4+12 in (1,638 mm) one used by original Baltimore streetcar lines.[18][19][20][4]

Streetcar service[edit]

Baltimore Streetcar Museum
Track gauge5 ft 4+12 in (1,638 mm)[18][19]
Electrification(570-600) V DC trolley wire

A track providing service at the museum is identified by the Maryland Transit Administration as LocalLink 25. At one time, the United Railways and Electric Company route was the Route 25 line on Falls Road, past the current site of the Museum.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Baltimore Streetcar Museum Inc." Tax Exempt Organization Search. Internal Revenue Service. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  2. ^ "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc — Contact". Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc — Collection". Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  4. ^ a b "Baltimore Streetcar Museum". Branford Electric Railroad Association. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  5. ^ Specifications on the BSM's Streetcars in service mentioned in this article are taken from pages 26-27 of the souvenir book, A Guide to the Baltimore Streetcar Museum, a 36 page volume, edited by Andrew S. Blumberg, available at the BSM's Gift Shop.
  6. ^ wilson, Dave. "restoration of car 554". Baltimore streetcar museum. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
  7. ^ "Baltimore Chapter, National Railway Historical Society - Maryland Rail Heritage Library". Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc — The Last Streetcar Sites". Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  9. ^ "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc — Restoration of Car 554". Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  10. ^ "Form 990: Return of Organization Exempt from Income Tax". Baltimore Streetcar Museum. Internal Revenue Service. June 30, 2018.
  11. ^ "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc — Book an Event". Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e Blumberg, Andrew. "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc — A Brief History of the BSM". Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. Retrieved May 20, 2019.
  13. ^ "Baltimore Streetcar Museum, Inc. D00254920" Business Search. Maryland Department of Assessments & Taxation. Retrieved January 25, 2020.
  14. ^ Spiegel, Adam (July 5, 1967). "City To Build Museum For Trolleys". The Evening Sun (Baltimore, Maryland). p. C26.
  15. ^ "Streetcar Museum Ground Is Broken". The Baltimore Sun. November 5, 1967. p. 21.
  16. ^ "No. 264 Takes Trolley Buffs Back". The Baltimore Sun. August 31, 1968. p. 12.
  17. ^ "Recreation Section". The Baltimore Sun. August 24, 1968. p. 6.
  18. ^ a b "Railroad Gauge Width". Паровоз ИС. Российский железнодорожный портал. Retrieved March 22, 2014.
  19. ^ a b Hilton, George W.; Due, John Fitzgerald (1 January 2000). The Electric Interurban Railways in America. Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4014-2. Retrieved 10 June 2014. Worst of all, not all city systems were built to the standard American and European gauge of 4'-812". Pittsburgh and most other Pennsylvania cities used 5'-212", which became known as the Pennsylvania trolley gauge. Cincinnati used 5'-212", Philadelphia 5'-214", Columbus 5'-2", Altoona 5'-3", Louisville and Camden 5'-0", Canton and Pueblo 4'-0", Denver, Tacoma, and Los Angeles 3'-6", Toronto an odd 4'-1078", and Baltimore a vast 5'-412".
  20. ^ LaCosta, John (2008). "BSM Update November 10, 2007 to April 6, 2008". The Baltimore Streetcar Museum. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved March 22, 2014. Each wheel has been moved out 1 1/8 inches to get to the Baltimore gauge of 5' 4 1/2

External links[edit]