|Directed by||Spike Lee|
|Written by||Spike Lee|
|Produced by||Jon Kilik|
|Edited by||Sam Pollard|
|Music by||Terence Blanchard|
|Distributed by||New Line Cinema|
|Box office||$2.5 million|
Bamboozled is a 2000 American satirical comedy-drama film written and directed by Spike Lee about a modern televised minstrel show featuring black actors donning blackface makeup and the resulting violent fallout from the show's success. It features an ensemble cast including Damon Wayans, Jada Pinkett Smith, Savion Glover, Tommy Davidson, Michael Rapaport and Mos Def.
The film was given a limited release by New Line Cinema during the fall of 2000 and was released on DVD the following year. Critical reception was mixed, and the film was unsuccessful financially, becoming a box office bomb. Despite its initial reception, Bamboozled later achieved cult film status for its satirical look at stereotypical depictions of black people in both historical and contemporary American film and television productions.
This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (July 2021)
Pierre Delacroix (real name Peerless Dothan) is an uptight, Harvard-educated African-American man in the employment of television network CNS. At work, he endures torment from his boss Thomas Dunwitty, a tactless, boorish white man. Not only does Dunwitty use African-American Vernacular English (AAVE) and the word "nigger" repeatedly in conversations, he also proudly proclaims that he is more black than Delacroix and that he can use "nigger" since he is married to a black woman and has two mixed-race children. Dunwitty frequently rejects Delacroix's scripts for series that portray black people in positive, intelligent scenarios, dismissing them as "Cosby clones".
In an effort to escape his contract through being fired, Delacroix develops a minstrel show with the help of his personal assistant Sloane Hopkins. Mantan: The New Millennium Minstrel Show features black actors in blackface, extremely racist jokes and puns, and offensively stereotyped CGI-animated cartoons. Delacroix and Hopkins recruit two impoverished homeless street performers, Manray and Womack, to star in the show. While Womack is horrified when Delacroix tells him details about the show, Manray sees it as his big chance to become rich and famous for his tap-dancing skills.
To Delacroix's horror, not only does Dunwitty enthusiastically endorse the show, it also becomes hugely successful. As soon as it premieres, Manray and Womack become big stars, while Delacroix, contrary to his original stated intent, defends the show as satire. Delacroix quickly embraces the fame and recognition he receives while Hopkins becomes ashamed of her association with it. Meanwhile, an underground, militant rap group called the Mau Maus, led by Hopkins' older brother Julius, becomes increasingly angry at the show's content. Though they had earlier unsuccessfully auditioned for the program's live band position, the group plans to end the show using violence.
Womack quits, fed up with the show and Manray's increasing ego. Manray and Hopkins grow closer, despite Delacroix's attempts to sabotage their relationship. Delacroix confronts Hopkins, and when she lashes back at him, he fires her. She then shows him a videotaped montage she created of racist footage culled from assorted media to shame Delacroix into stopping production of the show, but he refuses to watch it. After an argument with Delacroix, Manray realizes he is being exploited and defiantly announces that he will no longer wear blackface. He appears in front of the studio audience, who are all in blackface, and does his dance number in his regular clothing. The network executives immediately turn against Manray, and Dunwitty fires him.
The Mau Maus kidnap Manray and announce his public execution via live webcast. The authorities work feverishly to track down the source of the internet feed, but Manray is nevertheless assassinated while doing his famous tap dancing. At his office, Delacroix (now in blackface himself, mourning Manray's death) fantasizes that the various black-themed antique collectibles in his office are staring him down and coming to life; in a rage, he destroys many of the items. The police kill all the members of the Mau Maus except for One-Sixteenth Blak, a white member who demands to die with the others.
Furious, Hopkins confronts Delacroix at gunpoint and demands that he play her tape. As he does so, Hopkins reminds him of the lives that were ruined because of his actions. During a struggle over the gun, Delacroix is shot in the stomach. Hopkins flees while proclaiming that it was Delacroix's own fault that he got shot. Delacroix, holding the gun in his hands to make his wound appear self-inflicted, watches the tape as he lies dying on the floor. The film concludes with a full reveal of the tape's contents; a long montage of racially insensitive and demeaning clips of African-American characters from Hollywood films of the first half of the 20th century. Afterwards, Manray is shown doing his last Mantan sequence on stage.
- Damon Wayans as Pierre "Peerless Dothan" Delacroix
- Savion Glover as Manray "Mantan"
- Jada Pinkett Smith as Sloan Hopkins
- Tommy Davidson as Womack "Sleep 'n Eat"
- Michael Rapaport as Thomas Dunwitty
- Mos Def as Julius "Big Blak Afrika" Hopkins
- Thomas Jefferson Byrd as "Honeycutt"
- Paul Mooney as "Junebug"
- Craig Grant as "Hard Blak"
- Gano Grills as "Double Blak"
- Canibus as "Mo Blak"
- Charli Baltimore as "Smooth Blak"
- MC Serch as "One-Sixteenth Blak"
- Kim Director as Starlet
- The Roots as The Alabama Porch Monkeys
- Reverend Al Sharpton as Himself
Most of the film was shot on Mini DV digital video, using the Sony VX 1000 camera, and later converted to film format. This kept the budget limited to $10 million and allowed the use of multiple cameras to simultaneously capture masters, two-shots and close-ups to save time. The Mantan: New Millenium Minstrel Show sequences, and their sponsor ads, were shot on Super 16 film stock.
The soundtrack album for the film was released September 26, 2000 by Motown Records. The album consisted of hip hop and contemporary R&B, and was India.Arie's first time on an album, with six singles.
On Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 52% based on reviews from 104 critics. The site's consensus is: "Bamboozled is too over the top in its satire and comes across as more messy and overwrought than biting." On Metacritic it has a score of 54% based on reviews from 39 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews".
Among those who gave positive reviews to the film were CNN correspondent Dennis Michael, who compared the film favorably to Mel Brooks' The Producers and praised Glover's performance in the lead role, Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times, who described the film as "savage, abrasive, audacious and confrontational" and "the work of a master provocateur", and Stephen Holden of The New York Times, who described the film as "an almost oxymoronic entity, an important Hollywood movie." It was not reviewed as favorably by the Chicago Sun-Times' Roger Ebert, who gave the film 2 stars out of a possible 4, writing that the film was "perplexing," raising important issues but handling them poorly. "The film is a satirical attack on the way TV uses and misuses African-American images, but many viewers will leave the theater thinking Lee has misused them himself."
By the time of its twentieth anniversary, Bamboozled had been reappraised as an underappreciated work of Lee's. Writing for Rolling Stone, David Fear noted that "the really scary thing is that, 20 years on, Bamboozled feels incredibly contemporary. It doesn’t look so extreme after all...and when you consider the content of this film, that’s a very troubling thing.”
Bamboozled was released on VHS and DVD by New Line Home Entertainment on April 17, 2001. The DVD edition includes a director's commentary from Spike Lee in addition to behind-the-scenes featurettes and deleted scenes.
- Network (1976 film), black comedy about a controversial television show with a similar structure, referenced by "Mantan" in pilot
- "Bamboozled (2000)". Box Office Mojo. 2002-08-28. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- "Bamboozled Blu-ray - Damon Wayans". www.dvdbeaver.com. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
- Bamboozled at Rotten Tomatoes
- "Bamboozled". Metacritic. Retrieved 2020-05-04.
- Fear, David (2020-03-28). "'Bamboozled' is the Forgotten Gem in Spike Lee's Career". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
- Some of the films used in the sequence are The Birth of a Nation, The Jazz Singer, Gone with the Wind, Babes in Arms, Holiday Inn, Judge Priest, Ub Iwerks' cartoon Little Black Sambo, Walter Lantz's cartoon Scrub Me Mama with a Boogie Beat, the Screen Songs short Jingle Jangle Jungle, the Bugs Bunny Merrie Melodies short All This and Rabbit Stew, and, from the Hal Roach comedy School's Out, Our Gang kids Allen "Farina" Hoskins and Matthew "Stymie" Beard.
- Lee, Spike (2001). Audio commentary for Bamboozled. New Line Home Entertainment.
- "'Bamboozled' offers unblinking look at race, perceptions - October 4, 2000". CNN. Archived from the original on September 22, 2013. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- Kenneth Turan (2000-10-06). "Satire, Rage Add Up to Audacious 'Bamboozled' - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- Holden, Stephen (2000-10-06). "Movie Review - Bamboozled - FILM REVIEW -- Trying On Blackface in a Flirtation With Fire - NYTimes.com". Movies.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- Ebert, Roger. "Bamboozled Movie Review & Film Summary (2000)". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Clark, Ashley. "Bamboozled: New Millennium, Same Bullshit". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
- Robert f. Moss (1987-06-07). "Was Al Jolson 'Bamboozled'?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2012-10-02.
- "Bamboozled". The Criterion Collection. Retrieved 2020-04-10.
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