Bamford parish highlighted within Derbyshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Post town||HOPE VALLEY|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Bamford is a village in the Derbyshire Peak District, England, close to the River Derwent. To the north-east is Bamford Edge, and to the south-east the location of the water treatment works covering the Ladybower, Derwent and Howden Reservoirs. Though locally Bamford is described as being in the Hope Valley, it is technically in the Upper Derwent Valley. According to the 2011 census it had a population (including Yorkshire Bridge) of 1,241.
Bamford water mill has been turned into flats but some of the original machinery still remains.
The village has a sculpture trail and, in mid-July, there is a well-dressing festival. Bamford has four public houses, the Derwent Hotel (now a self-catering venue), the Anglers Rest, the Ladybower Inn and the Yorkshire Bridge Inn, the latter once home to former Blue Peter presenter Peter Purves. The village also had a weekly Youth Club held in the Memorial Hall until September 2010.
In October 2013 The Anglers Rest was jointly purchased from the pubco owners Admiral Taverns by over 300 people from the local area as Derbyshire's first community-owned pub. The Bamford Community Society raised the money needed to buy the Angler's, which will be run as a community hub, listed as an Asset of Community Value under the Government's Localism Act, which also offers a daytime café and houses the local post office.
Bamford hosts a village carnival, normally on the third week of July. The carnival takes place throughout the week, with the Committee arranging various events for each day, including the whole family. The carnival is centred on the well dressing. The blessing of the well takes places on the Sunday and is followed by the crowning of the Queen, Princess and Rosebud in the church. The following Wednesday hosts the Senior fell race which many runners attend, including running groups from Yorkshire. Other events include the junior fell race, teen group challenge, car treasure hunt, village history fair and pub quiz. The Saturday hosts the actual carnival day. The procession travels from "the old road" and parades through the village and ending at the recreation ground, where games and entertainment for the whole family are arranged. The queens arena is a huge event that many come to watch. The carnival parade encourages children to dress up and floats to be made, fitting with the theme of the year. Two bands take part in the procession: Castleton Brass Band is invited every year, along with a visiting band that changes each year. There is also a tradition of making a scarecrow and dressing it up and leaving it in your front garden to be admired during the carnival.
As for so many Peak District villages, it developed around its mill, which existed here before the Industrial Revolution. From 1782, a water powered corn mill was built here by a local farmer and miller, Christopher Kirk. This only lasted a few years until destroyed by fire in 1791. It was rebuilt as a cotton mill, still powered by water. In the early nineteenth century it converted to steam power, with a 60 hp beam engine. A more modern horizontal cross-compound mill engine with a rope drive, Edna, by Musgrave was installed in 1907, and which remains on site today. Water power was still used for generating electricity for this isolated mill, with two reaction turbines of 45 and 22 hp. Until 1951 the mill also maintained its own gas works. More electricity generating capacity was provided by a DC generator driven by a De Laval impulse turbine and reduction gearbox, built by Greenwood & Batley.
In 1857, the mill was owned by S. M. Moore and Son and employed 230 mill hands. It was sold in 1885 to Hamilton Cash of Mansfield, then in 1902 to the Fine Cotton Spinners and Doublers Association. The work at this mill was the doubling of cotton yarn which had already been carded and spun in Lancashire mills. This employed 130 hands. In 1963 FS&D became part of Courtaulds, who closed the mill in 1965. Afterwards the mill building was bought by Carbolite, who manufactured electric kilns and laboratory furnaces.
The mill closed permanently in the 1990s and the building was later converted to flats. The chimney was demolished and the boiler plant and turbines removed. The mill engine was preserved on site and remains there today, but is not operational.
Across the valley was Thornhill Hall, once the seat of the Eyres who were a large family of landed gentry in this part of Derbyshire.
Nearby are the villages of Shatton, Bradwell (well known for its ice cream), Hope, Hathersage, Eyam and Castleton, famous for its Blue John stone. A place of notable significance near Bamford would be Buxton.
The nearest urban centre is Sheffield and is a very popular place to visit for the youth of Bamford.
- "Area: Bamford (Parish)"
- Bamford in the Domesday Book. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
- "Bamford". Key to English Place-names. English Place Name Society/INS at the University of Nottingham. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
- Pevsner, Nikolaus; Williamson, Elizabeth (1978). The Buildings of England: Derbyshire. Penguin Books. p. 81. ISBN 0-14-071008-6.
- Hallam, Vic, (1989) Silent Valley: The Story of the lost Derbyshire villages of Derwent and Ashopton: Sheffield, Sheaf Publishing, ISBN 0-9505458-9-9.
- "With Animals". peterpurves.net. Retrieved 20 November 2016.
Pets and animals have played a big part in Peter’s life, although he didn’t have a dog until his parents inherited one when they took over a pub in Derbyshire, when Peter was 11 years old.
- BamfordYC Archived September 27, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Welcome to the Anglers Rest". The Anglers Rest. Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Mills in Derbyshire and the Peak District". Derbyshire Heritage.
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