Bamiyan University

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"Local leader lays the cornerstone for a Bamiyan University dorm during the University’s inauguration, Bamiyan, Afghanistan, August 2008. [Photo by Kent Morris (NAS Kabul)]" - Newsletter: The INL Beat, November 2008U.S. State Department Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement AffairsWashington, DC

Bamiyan University (Persian: دانشگاه بامیان‎‎, established approximately 1994[1] or 1997[2]) is in Bamiyan Province, central Afghanistan, part of the Hazara-populated region known as the Hazarajat.

History[edit]

Pre-Taliban[edit]

Bamiyan University was initiated around 1994 (another source indicates 1997) with the support of the Hazara political party Hezb-i-Wahdat. Before the Taliban takeover of the area, there were 400-500 male and female students at Bamiyan University, under 40 professors.[1] In the mid-1990s, its facilities were simple, consisting of a few mud huts.[3]

Taliban era[edit]

The university was closed by the Taliban after their capture of the city of Bamiyan in September 1998. Two buildings were stripped for scrap, while the third was used as a Taliban barracks and communications center. This third building was destroyed by U.S. airstrikes at the start of the War in Afghanistan in 2001.[1]

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan[edit]

Under the American and New Zealand Provincial Reconstruction Teams, the university was refurbished and reopened in 2004 with admission of 97 male and female students, the academic staff of university was 40 with majority of master's degree.[4] Construction was, at one point, delayed due to the need to clear landmines, leading to student protests.[5] A number of Afghans who had taken refuge in Iran returned to Bamiyan; of that group several female intellectuals became lecturers at the university.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Recknagel, Charles (2001-12-31). "Afghanistan: Dream Of Hazara University Destroyed By War (Part 2) - Radio Free Europe / Radio Liberty © 2011". Rferl.org. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  2. ^ Rosemarie Skaine (2002). The Women of Afghanistan Under the Taliban. McFarland. pp. 83–. ISBN 978-0-7864-8174-3. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Ahmed Rashid (2009). Descent Into Chaos: The U.S. and the Disaster in Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Central Asia. Penguin Books. pp. 199–. ISBN 978-0-670-01970-0. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  4. ^ John Pike (2003-09-22). "Bamian". Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ Dust in the Wind: Retracing Dharma Master Xuanzang's Western Pilgrimage. Rhythms Monthly. 2006. pp. 189–. ISBN 978-986-81419-8-8. Retrieved 24 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Ghafour, Hamida (2004-07-22). "Bamiyan heals wounds left by the Taliban with a march for democracy". Telegraph. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 

External links[edit]