Ban Pong, Ratchaburi
Post office square and clock tower, Ban Pong town
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
The town was first officially registered as a sanitary district in 1916, after it was moved down the Mae Klong River from the old town, which is now part of Tha Pha municipality. The new town, when it was first built, was flooded with Chinese immigrants migrating from southern China where drought had occurred for four consecutive years in the 1920s. During the Second World War, the town experienced an economic boom due to its location being a hub between Bangkok to the east, Kanchanaburi to the north and all the provinces in the south of Thailand. All goods transported by rail from Bangkok, Kanchanaburi, Burma and the southern provinces had to make a stop in Ban Pong.
During the Second World War, the town was used by Japanese Forces as a base in the region while they were connecting the railway between Burma and Thailand, with train services running between Ban Pong and Mawlamyine in Burma during and for a few years after the war.
In the 1960s, the town again experienced an economic boom when several sugar refineries opened up in the area. Many large banking and governmental institutions sited their regional branches in Ban Pong.
The town's economy depends very much on the purchasing power of the workforce in Ban Pong District who engage in various industrial activities. Within the district there are more than 400 factories, producing everything from jewelry to car parts to noodles. Hence, the town centre remains vibrant and prosperous.
In recent years the town centre has experienced a decline in its importance due to the opening of many hypermarkets on the town's outskirts.
- ประกาศ ใช้พระราชบัญญัติสุขาภิบาล อำเภอบ้านโป่ง จังหวัดราชบุรี (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 33 (0 ก): 235–237. 1916-11-19.
- พระราชกฤษฎีกาจัดตั้งเทศบาลเมืองบ้านโป่ง จังหวัดราชบุรี พุทธศักราช ๒๔๗๘ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 52 (0 ก): 1785–1789. 1935-12-10.