Ban on bullfighting in Catalonia
Bullfighting was banned in the Spanish autonomous community of Catalonia by a vote of the Catalan Parliament in July 2010. The ban came into effect on 1 January 2012. The last bullfight in the region took place in Barcelona in September 2011.
The ban, which ended a centuries-old tradition in the region, was supported by animal rights activists but opposed by some, who saw it as motivated by political nationalism rather than animal welfare.
There is a movement to revoke the ban in the Spanish congress, citing the value of bullfighting as "cultural heritage." The proposal is backed by the majority of parliamentarians. The ban was officially annulled for being unconstitutional by Spain's highest court on 5 October 2016.
Bullfighting in Catalonia
The earliest recorded fight in Catalonia took place in 1387, although, as elsewhere in Spain, it was not until the early 19th century that bullfighting in the region took its form as a modern spectator sport. By the early 20th century, it had become one of the major entertainment attractions in Catalonia. The region still preserves some of the oldest bullrings in Spain, such as the Plaça Clarà in Olot (built in 1859), and the bullring in Figueres (1894). The 1897 bullring in Girona was demolished in 2006.
The sport declined in popularity in recent decades. By 2011, the only operating bullring in Catalonia was La Monumental in Barcelona, where 20 fights were organized in 2009. This compares to 284 fights organized in the Community of Madrid (with a similar population to Catalonia). Nine fights were organized between April and July 2010. Organizers say that average attendance is around 7,000 people, of whom 400 are season ticket holders.
A ban on bullfighting in Catalonia was approved by the Catalan Parliament on 28 July 2010, following a petition (or Popular Legislative Initiative, PLI) organised by the PROU platform (Catalan for 'Enough!'). The petition attracted 180,000 signatures. The parliamentary vote was 68 votes for and 55 against, with 9 abstentions Catalonia became the second autonomous community in Spain to ban bullfighting after the Canary Islands did so in 1991. The ban came into force on 1 January 2012. Bullfights by matadors were banned in Catalonia at the end 2011 but bull-dodging, in which bulls are . not killed, remains lawful. The last bullfight in Catalonia took place on 25 September 2011 at La Monumental. In October 2016 the Catalonian ban on bullfighting was overturned by the Spanish Constitutional Court. The Court ruled that, though an autonomous region is allowed to regulate bullfighting, an autonomous region is not in a legal position to fully ban such fights.
The campaign to ban bullfighting in Catalonia was strongly supported by animal rights groups and gained the backing of celebrities including Ricky Gervais and Pamela Anderson. Opponents of the ban suggested that it was not motivated by animal welfare concerns, but by the desire of Catalan nationalists to eradicate from the region something seen as culturally Spanish. It has also been claimed that the Catalan economy will suffer as a result of the ban. The ban did not cover the Catalan tradition of correbous (roughly meaning bulls running by the streets), including its bou embolat version, in which lit flares are attached to the horns of a bull, cited as an inconsistency by both opponents of the ban and animal rights activists.
Popular Legislative Initiative
a) Bullfighting in places where, on the effective date of Law 3/1988, of March 4th, regarding animal welfare, there are bullrings built to perform it, to which access must be prohibited to persons under fourteen years of age.— Law 3/1988, 
And added to the first paragraph:
f. Bullfights and bull shows that include the death of the animal and the application of the lance, the banderillas and the sword, as well as any bull shows of any type that are performed in bullrings or out of them, with the exception of celebrations with bulls that are referred to in section b) of the second paragraph of article 6.
|Convergence and Union
Convergència i Unió (CiU)
|Socialists' Party of Catalonia
Partit dels Socialistes de Catalunya, (PSC)
|Republican Left of Catalonia
Esquerra Republicana de Catalunya, ERC)
|People's Party of Catalonia
Partit Popular de Catalunya (PP)
|Initiative for Catalonia Greens-United and Alternative Left
Iniciativa per Catalunya Verds-Esquerra Unida i Alternativa (ICV-EUiA)
|Citizens – Party of the Citizenry
Ciutadans - Partit de la Ciutadania (C's)
- "Congreso español admite a debate corridas de toros". Tauro Maquais. Retrieved 1 March 2013.
- "El Parlament aprueba la abolición de las corridas de toros en Catalunya desde 2012". 20 minutos website. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- "Los toros en España: 1.848 corridas, 10.247 toros lidiados y 8.301 toreros", La Vanguardia, 29 July 2010.
- "La prensa extranjera, sorprendida de que Catalunya se desprenda de las corridas", La Vanguardia, 29 July 2010.
- "BCN descarta per ara adquirir la Monumental per a ús públic", El Periódico de Catalunya, 29 July 2010.
- "La prohibició de les corrides de braus a Catalunya es debat el 28 de juliol al Parlament" (in Catalan). lamalla.cat. 2010-07-06. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
- "Bullfighting in Barcelona to end with Catalonia ban". BBC News website. 25 September 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- "Prohibidas las corridas de toros en Canarias", El País, 18 April 1991.
- "El Parlament de Catalunya aprueba prohibir las corridas de toros a partir de 2012" (in Spanish). La Vanguardia. 2010-07-28. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- Tremlett, Giles (11 September 2011). "Mouse, the killer bull, draws cheering crowds to Sueca festival in Spain". The Guardian. London.
- "Spanish Court Overturns a Ban Against Bullfighting in Catalonia". NY times website. 20 October 2016.
- "El Constitucional anula la prohibición de los toros en Cataluña" (in Spanish). El Mundo. 21 October 2016.
- Tremlett, Giles (28 July 2010). "Catalonia votes to ban bullfighting". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Abend, Lisa (28 July 2010). "Catalonia Bans Bullfighting, but the Fight Isn't Over". Time. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- Sullivan, Iain (24 September 2011). "Spain: Catalonia Bullfights Enter Final Weekend Before Ban". Huffington Post. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
- "La proposta de llei" (in Catalan). Plataforma Prou!. Archived from the original on 25 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "El Parlament debatrà la ILP contra les corregudes de bous" (in Catalan). Llibertat.cat. Retrieved 2010-07-28.
- "Decret legislatiu 2/2008, de 15 de abril". DOGC. Generalitat de Catalunya. Retrieved 2010-07-28.