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The "banana-families"[1][2] or banana group[3][4] is a basal paraphyletic assemblage in the order Zingiberales (:Monocotyledoneae) that comprises Musaceae (the banana family), Lowiaceae, Strelitziaceae, and Heliconiaceae.[1][2] These taxa differentiate from the "ginger-families" derived clade by their plesiomorphic state of five or six fertile stamens,[1][2][5] and generally have large banana-like[1][2] leaves that are easily torn[5] between secondary veins.

Morphologically, this is a more homogeneous group than the "ginger-families" clade.[2] In the past these families were often combined into the single family Musaceae.[3][1][2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Kress, W. J., Prince, L. M., Hahn, W. J., & Zimmer, E. A. (2001). Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberales using morphological and molecular evidence. Systematic Biology, 50(6), 926-944.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Kress, W.J. & Specht, C.D. 2005. Between Cancer and Capricorn: Phylogeny, evolution and ecology of the primarily tropical Zingiberales. Biol. Skr. 55: 459-478. ISSN 0366-3612. ISBN 87-7304- 304-4. [Pp. 459-478, in Friis, I., y Balslev, H. (eds), Proceedings of a Symposium on Plant Diversity and Complexity Patterns - Local, Regional and Global Dimensions. Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Copenhagen.]
  3. ^ a b Kress, W. J. (1990). The phylogeny and classification of the Zingiberales. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 698-721.
  4. ^ Andersson, L. (1998). «Strelitziaceae». In: K. Kubitzki. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. IV. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons. Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 451-454.
  5. ^ a b Judd et al. 2007. Zingiberales. In: Plant Systematics. A Phylogenetic Approach 3rd edition. Sinauer. pp. 301-302