Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay

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Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay
Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay 1999 stamp of India.jpg
Born19 July 1899
Manihari, India
Died9 February 1979(1979-02-09) (aged 79)
Calcutta, India
NationalityIndian
Alma materCalcutta Medical College
Patna Medical College and Hospital

Balai Chand Mukhopadhyay (19 July 1899 – 9 February 1979) was a Bengali novelist, short story writer, playwright, poet, and physician who wrote under the pen name of Banaphul (meaning "the wild flower" in Bengali). He was a recipient of the civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan.[1]

Life[edit]

Mukhopadhyay was born in Manihari village of Purnia district (now Katihar District), Bihar on 19 July 1899. His father, Satyacharan Mukhopadhyay, was a doctor, and his mother was Mrinalini Devi. He originally took the pen name Banaphul ("the wild flower") to hide his literary activities from a disapproving teacher. He attended Hazaribag College and was later admitted in the Calcutta Medical College. He was assigned to Patna Medical College and Hospital after completing his medical degree, and later practised at Azimgaunge Hospital and worked as a pathologist at Bhagalpur. He moved to Lake Town, Calcutta, in 1968, and died there on 9 February 1979.[2]

Literary works[edit]

He is most noted for his short vignettes, often just half-page long, but his body of work spanned sixty five years and included "thousands of poems, 586 short stories, 60 novels, 5 dramas, a number of one-act plays, an autobiography called Paschatpat (Background), and numerous essays."[3][4]

Novels[edit]

  • Trinokhondo তৃণখণ্ড
  • Boitorini Tire বৈতরণীর তীরে
  • Niranjana নিরঞ্জনা
  • Bhuban Som ভুবন সোম
  • Maharani মহারাণী
  • Agnishwar অগ্নীশ্বর
  • Manaspur মানসপুর
  • Erao achhe এরাও আছে
  • Nabin Dutta নবীন দত্ত
  • Harishchandra হরিশ্চন্দ্র
  • Kichukshan কিছুক্ষণ
  • Se O Ami সে ও আমি
  • Saptarshi সপ্তর্ষি
  • Udai Asta উদয় অস্ত
  • Gandharaj গন্ধরাজ
  • Pitambarer Punarjanma পীতাম্বরের পুনর্জন্ম
  • Nayn Tatpurush নঞ তৎপুরুষ
  • Krishnapaksha কৃষ্ণপক্ষ
  • Sandhipuja সন্ধিপূজা
  • Hate Bajare হাটেবাজারে
  • Kanyasu কন্যাসু
  • Adhiklal অধিকলাল
  • Gopaldeber Swapna গোপালদেবের স্বপ্ন
  • Swapna Sambhab স্বপ্নসম্ভব
  • Kashti Pathar কষ্টিপাথর
  • Prachchhanna Mahima প্রচ্ছন্ন মহিমা
  • Dui Pathik দুই পথিক
  • Ratri রাত্রি
  • Pitamaha পিতামহ
  • Pakshimithun পক্ষীমিথুন
  • Tirther Kak তীর্থের কাক
  • Rourab রৌরব
  • Jaltaranga জলতরঙ্গ
  • Rupkatha ebang Tarpar রূপকথা এবং তারপর
  • Pratham Garal প্রথম গরল
  • Rangaturanga রঙ্গতুরঙ্গ
  • Ashabari আশাবারি
  • Li
  • Sat Samudra Tero Nadi সাত সমুদ্র তেরো নদী
  • Akashbasi আকাশবাসী
  • Tumi তুমি
  • Asanglagna অসংলগ্ন
  • Simarekha সীমারেখা
  • Tribarna ত্রিবর্ণ
  • Alankarpuri অলংকারপুরী
  • Jangam জঙ্গম
  • Agni অগ্নি
  • Dwairath দ্বৈরথ
  • Mrigoya মৃগয়া
  • Nirmok নির্মোক
  • Mandanda মানদন্ড
  • Nabadiganta নবদিগন্ত
  • Koshtipathar কষ্টিপাথর
  • Sthabar স্থাবর
  • Bhimpalashri ভীমপলশ্রী
  • Pancha Parba পঞ্চপর্ব
  • Lakshmir Agaman লক্ষ্মীর আগমণ
  • Dana ডানা

Short stories[edit]

  • Pratibaad
  • swadhinata
  • "Bonofuler Golpo"
  • "Bonofuler Aro Golpo"
  • "Bahullo"
  • "Bindu Bishorgo"
  • "Adrisholok"
  • "Anugamini"
  • "Tonni"
  • "Nobomonjori"
  • "Urmimala"
  • "Soptomi"
  • "Durbin"
  • "Bonofuler Sreshto Golpo"
  • "Bonofuler Golpo Songroho-1"
  • "Bonofuler Golpo Songroho-2"
  • "Banaphooler Chhoto Galpa Samagra—1 & 2"
  • "Fuldanir Ekti Ful"

Film adaptation of his literature[edit]

Postage stamp[edit]

On the 100th anniversary of his birth, the Government of India issued a postage stamp featuring his image.[5]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • বনফুলের ছোট গল্প সমগ্র (Complete Short Stories of Banaphul), published by Banishilpa, Kolkata in January 2003
  • উপন্যাস সমগ্র (Complete Novels), published by New Bengal Press (Private) Limited, Kolkata in July 1999
  • গল্প সংগ্রহ (Collected Stories), the national textbook of B.A. (pass and subsidiary) course of Bangladesh, published by University of Dhaka in 1979 (reprint in 1986)
  • বাংলা সাহিত্য (Bengali Literature), the national textbook of intermediate (college) level of Bangladesh published in 1996 by all educational boards
  • পশ্চাৎপট (Background), the autobiography of Banaphul, published by Banishilpa, Kolkata in 1999

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  2. ^ "Banaful ( of একশ বছরের সেরা গল্প)". Goodreads. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  3. ^ Spectrum of Bengali literature (modern period), Indiaheritage.org, Retrieved 1 May 2007.
  4. ^ Ananta Ghosh, Great writers, Bengali Association of Greater Chicago Newsletter, Volume 25: Issue 2 : April 2000. Retrieved 1 May 2007.
  5. ^ India, 1999 Archived 29 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine.. Postbeeld.com, Retrieved 1 May 2007.

External links[edit]