Banbury (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
Boundary of Banbury in Oxfordshire.
Location of Oxfordshire within England.
|Population||117,928 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||84,063 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Banbury and Bicester|
|Member of parliament||Victoria Prentis (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Banbury is an Oxfordshire constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom since 2015 by Victoria Prentis of the Conservative Party.[n 2] The constituency is commonly, but erroneously, referred to as the North Oxfordshire constituency.
In terms of electorate, Banbury was the 13th largest constituency in the United Kingdom and the largest in Oxfordshire at the time of the 2010 general election.
- 1 History
- 2 Constituency profile
- 3 Boundaries
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Election in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Election in the 1920s
- 5.11 Election in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 6 Neighbouring constituencies
- 7 See also
- 8 Notes and references
- 9 Sources
The constituency was created January 26, 1554 through the efforts of Henry Stafford and Thomas Denton. Until 1885 it was a parliamentary borough, consisting only of the town of Banbury; since then it has been a county constituency, consisting of the northern part of Oxfordshire. It was the constituency represented by Lord North, the Prime Minister during the American War of Independence. Due to its nature as a safe Conservative seat, its MPs since 1922 have all served long terms in office. Every MP for Banbury since 1922 has been knighted. At the 2010 election, the constituency had the second largest population of any constituency in the United Kingdom after the Isle of Wight.
The constituency is still heavily involved in agriculture, as well as modern industry, Research and Development, public services and to a lesser extent Defence. Despite a close election in 1923, the largest vote since 1922 has at each election been for a Conservative Party candidate to serve it, so has been a safe seat for the party since that date. In 2010 Tony Baldry almost doubled his large majority as the second party became the Liberal Democrats. The Conservative vote share and majority were increased at the 2015 general election.
1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Banbury, and the Sessional Divisions of Banbury and Bloxham, Chadlington, and Wootton North.
1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, and the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, Witney, and Woodstock.
1950-1974: The Municipal Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Witney, the Rural Districts of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Witney, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the civil parishes of Begbroke, Gosford and Water Eaton, Hampton Gay and Poyle, Kidlington, Shipton on Cherwell, Thrupp, and Yarnton.
1974-1983: The Municipal Boroughs of Banbury, Chipping Norton, and Woodstock, the Urban District of Bicester, the Rural Districts of Banbury and Chipping Norton, and in the Rural District of Ploughley the civil parishes of Ardley, Bucknell, Caversfield, Chesterton, Cottisford, Finmere, Fringford, Fritwell, Godington, Hardwick with Tusmore, Hethe, Kirtlington, Launton, Lower Heyford, Middleton Stoney, Mixbury, Newton Purcell with Shelswell, Somerton, Souldern, Stoke Lyne, Stratton Audley, and Upper Heyford.
1983-1997: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton, and the District of West Oxfordshire wards of Bartons and Tackley, and Wootton.
1997-2010: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden, Ardley, Bicester East, Bicester South, Bicester West, Bloxham, Bodicote, Calthorpe, Chesterton, Cropredy, Deddington, Easington, Fringford, Grimsbury, Hardwick, Heyford, Hook Norton, Hornton, Kirtlington, Launton, Neithrop, Otmoor, Ruscote, Sibford, Steeple Aston, and Wroxton.
2010-present: The District of Cherwell wards of Adderbury, Ambrosden and Chesterton, Banbury Calthorpe, Banbury Easington, Banbury Grimsbury and Castle, Banbury Hardwick, Banbury Neithrop, Banbury Ruscote, Bicester East, Bicester North, Bicester South, Bicester Town, Bicester West, Bloxham and Bodicote, Caversfield, Cropredy, Deddington, Fringford, Hook Norton, Launton, Sibford, The Astons and Heyfords, and Wroxton.
The constituency covers the north-east of Oxfordshire, around Banbury and largely corresponds to the Cherwell local government district, with the principal exception of the large village of Kidlington on the outskirts of Oxford which lies in the Oxford West and Abingdon constituency, and some smaller villages to the north-east of Oxford that lie in the Henley constituency.
Members of Parliament
Banbury borough (until 1885)
|Parliament of 1554 (Apr)||Thomas Denton|
|Parliament of 1554 (Nov)||Edward Stafford, 3rd Baron Stafford|
|Parliament of 1555||Not known|
|Parliament of 1558||John Denton|
|Parliament of 1559||Thomas Lee|
|Parliament of 1563||Francis Walsingham (sat for Lyme Regis, replaced by Owen Brereton)|
|Parliament of 1571||Anthony Cope|
|Parliament of 1572|
|Parliament of 1584||Richard Fiennes|
|Parliament of 1586||Anthony Cope|
|Parliament of 1588|
|Parliament of 1593|
|Parliament of 1597|
|Parliament of 1601|
|Parliament of 1604–1611||(Sir) William Cope|
|Addled Parliament (1614)|
|Parliament of 1621–1622|
|Happy Parliament (1624–1625)||Sir Erasmus Dryden|
|Useless Parliament (1625)||Sir William Cope|
|Parliament of 1626||James Fiennes|
|Parliament of 1628–1629||John Crew|
|No Parliament summoned 1629–1640|
Banbury division of Oxfordshire/Banbury County Constituency (since 1885)
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrat||John Howson||3,440||5.9||-14.5|
|National Health Action||Roseanne Edwards||729||1.3||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||David Rundle||11,476||20.4||+2.9|
|UKIP||Dr David Sebastian Fairweather||2,806||5.0||+2.8|
Elections in the 2000s
|Labour||Leslie Frederick Sibley||15,585||27.7||−7.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Zoe Patrick||10,076||17.9||+2.0|
|National Front||James Starkey||918||1.6||N/A|
|Your Party||Chris Rowe||417||0.7||N/A|
|Labour||Leslie Frederick Sibley||18,052||35.0||+0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Anthony William Worgan||8,216||15.9||−0.8|
|Green||Bevis Malory Cotton||1,281||2.5||+1.6|
|UKIP||Stephen Andrew Harris||695||1.3||+0.7|
Elections in the 1990s
|Labour||Hazel Y. Peperell||20,339||34.8||+8.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Catherine Bearder||9,761||16.7||-1.4|
|Referendum||James W. Ager||2,245||3.84||New|
|Green||Bevis Malory Cotton||530||0.91||New|
|Natural Law||Ian Pearson||131||0.22||-0.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Geoffrey J. Fisher||10,602||18.1||−5.3|
|Natural Law||Robin Ticciati||250||0.4||N/A|
Elections in the 1980s
|Social Democratic||David Charles Rowland||12,386||23.42||-3.5|
|Labour||James Anthony Honeybone||10,789||20.40||+1.4|
|Social Democratic||Keith Fitchett||13,200||26.86|
|Monster Raving Loony||David Brough||383||0.78||N/A|
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||31,137||54.70|
|National Front||I Cherry||504||0.89|
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||24,210||47.35|
|Labour||Anthony C Booth||18,019||35.24|
|Independent English Nationalist||J Barbour||547||1.07|
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||25,167||45.43|
|Labour||Anthony C Booth||18,289||33.01|
|Liberal||Geoffrey J Fisher||11,947||21.56|
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||36,712||53.41|
|Labour||Anthony C Booth||25,166||36.61|
|Liberal||Geoffrey J Fisher||6,859||9.98|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||28,932||47.53|
|Labour||David Wright Young||24,529||40.30|
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||27,281||47.18|
|Labour||Gerald Teasdale Fowler||22,159||38.32|
|Liberal||Francis John Ware||7,851||13.58|
|Farmers' Candidate||James Hayward||534||0.92|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Harry Neil Marten||26,413||50.61|
|Labour||David J Buckle||19,699||37.75|
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||25,598||54.38|
|Labour||Norman Francis Stogdon||21,473||45.62|
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||23,246||46.84|
|Labour||William J. Bird||19,672||39.64|
|Liberal||Lawrence William Robson||6,706||13.51|
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||21,365||43.46|
|Labour||Cyril Rawlett Fenton||19,408||39.48|
|Liberal||Lawrence William Robson||8,392||17.07|
Election in the 1940s
|Conservative||Arthur Douglas Dodds-Parker||23,777||52.00|
|Labour||Richard Brian Kerry Roach||21,951||48.00|
Elections in the 1930s
|Conservative||Albert James Edmondson||21,904||65.66||n/a|
|Labour||W E Wade||11,456||34.34||n/a|
|Conservative||Albert James Edmondson||unopposed||n/a||n/a|
Election in the 1920s
|Unionist||Albert James Edmondson||16,444||45.5||-7.2|
|Liberal||Ronald Wilberforce Allen||13,800||38.2||+7.4|
|Labour||Lawrence A Wingfield||5,894||16.3||-0.2|
|Unionist||Albert James Edmondson||15,053||52.7|
|Liberal||Sir Harry Calvert Verney||8,825||30.8|
|Labour||Arthur Ernest Monks||4,733||16.5|
|Unionist||Albert James Edmondson||12,490||45.8||-0.7|
|Liberal||Charles Burgess Fry||12,271||45.0||+15.6|
|Labour||Ernest Nathaniel Bennett||2,500||9.2||-14.9|
|Unionist||Albert James Edmondson||12,491|
|Liberal||James Harold Early||7,885|
|Labour||Ernest Nathaniel Bennett||6,463|
|Unionist gain from Liberal||Swing|
Election in the 1910s
General Election 1914/15: Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Liberal: Eustace Fiennes
|Liberal||Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes||3,629||50.6|
|Conservative||Robert Bingham Brassey||3,538||49.4|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Conservative||Robert Bingham Brassey||3,831||52.1|
|Liberal||Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes||3,516||47.9|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes||3,992||58.8|
|Conservative||George Child Villiers||2,796||41.2|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|Liberal||Eustace Edward Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes||2,821||43.7|
||Kenilworth and Southam, Northamptonshire South|
|Kenilworth and Southam
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in Oxfordshire
- Oxford East
- Oxford West and Abingdon
- History of Banbury, Oxfordshire
Notes and references
- "Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on November 6, 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Bindoff, p. 30.
- See Bicester and Banbury
- Succeeded as baronet, July 1615
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Created a baronet, June 1663
- Expelled from the House of Commons
- Knollys claimed and used the title Viscount Wallingford, but his claim was disallowed by the House of Lords
- Created a baronet, June 1916
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Oxfordshire PPC Candidates: first in south east". UKIP South East. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2015.
- total electorate 88420 from Cherwell District Council elections office 28 May 2015 and accepted by House of Commons Library 18 June 2015
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.
- "Sir Tony’s first victory", Banbury Guardian, 30 March 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2015
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49, FWS Craig
- British parliamentary election results, 1885-1918 (Craig)
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950.
- The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955.
- Robert Beatson, A Chronological Register of Both Houses of Parliament (London: Longman, Hurst, Res & Orme, 1807) 
- Stanley T. Bindoff et al. (1982). The House of Commons: 1509 – 1558 ; 1, Appendices, constituencies, members A – C, Volume 4. Boydell & Brewer. ISBN 0-436-04282-7. pp. 30–31.
- D Brunton & D H Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1832–1885 (2nd edition, Aldershot: Parliamentary Research Services, 1989)
- The Constitutional Year Book for 1913 (London: National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 1913)
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Title last held byBath in 1766
|Constituency represented by the Prime Minister
Title next held byAppleby in 1783