Banco del Mutuo Soccorso

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Banco del Mutuo Soccorso
Francesco Di Giacomo.jpg
Francesco Di Giacomo of Banco, at a concert in Frascati, 2009
Background information
Also known asBanco, BMS
OriginRome, Italy
GenresProgressive rock, Italian progressive rock, art rock
Years active1969–current
LabelsRicordi, Manticore, EMI, Sony
MembersVittorio Nocenzi
Rodolfo Maltese
Tiziano Ricci
Maurizio Masi
Filippo Marcheggiani
Alessandro Papotto
Nicola Di Già
Tony D'Alessio
Past membersFrancesco Di Giacomo
Gianni Nocenzi
Claudio Falco
Fabrizio Falco
Franco Pontecorvi
Marcello Todaro
Renato D'Angelo
Pierluigi Calderoni
Gianni Colaiacomo
Karl Potter [it]

Banco del Mutuo Soccorso (English: Bank of Mutual Relief) is an Italian rock band. A popular progressive rock band in the 1970s, they continued making music in the 1980s and 1990s. Recently, they were still active, playing live in 2001 and 2008 at NEARfest. Their charismatic frontman, Francesco Di Giacomo, died in 2014.


Inspired by progressive rock acts from England, in particular Gentle Giant, Jethro Tull and Emerson, Lake & Palmer, keyboardists Vittorio Nocenzi and his brother Gianni founded Banco del Mutuo Soccorso in Rome, Italy. They later recorded their eponymous debut in 1972, soon to be followed by Darwin!, and in 1973 Io sono nato libero. The most prominent features of their sound are the complex textures provided by the piano, Hammond organ and synthesizers played by the Nocenzi brothers, along with the vocals of former frontman Francesco Di Giacomo. A careful balance of electronic and acoustic instruments, with the use of reeds (played by some of the members of the band, in addition to their usual instrument), made the sound of Banco increasingly original and innovative, with a blend of rock, jazz and classical music which did not however forsake the Italian melodic tradition.

Proving popular in Italy and becoming known abroad, the band signed with Manticore Records together with the Premiata Forneria Marconi. In 1975 Banco was released, a collection of translated songs together with new material, targeting the international market. Come in un'ultima cena was also translated as As in a Last Supper.

The late 1970s saw Banco del Mutuo Soccorso going in new directions, with a film soundtrack in 1976's Garofano rosso and recordings with an orchestra in 1978's ...di terra. They changed their name to the simplified Banco.

The 1980s saw Banco's musical direction change towards lighter pop and shorter songs, producing some hits. This is due to the limited success they had abroad with their albums with English lyrics (also due to the shutdown of Manticore in 1977), which led to the decision to exploit Di Giacomo's remarkable vocal gifts with more marketable songs. Gianni Nocenzi left the band for a solo career. Other members came and went.

In the 1990s and now back to using the longer name, they started playing their 1970s material again. They performed unplugged versions of their songs live and re-recorded their first albums. New material was also produced.

Today, the band continues to play live.

On 21 February 2014, Francesco di Giacomo died in a car accident, in Zagarolo, at the age of 67.[1]

In September 2016 some Italian newspapers claimed that the band has taken on Tony D'Alessio, best known from the Italian edition of X-Factor, as the new lead singer.[2]

On 13 January 2019, a press release announced that a new album called "Transiberiana" will be released in April.[3] It will be their first new release after "Nudo", which was published on 1997.


Studio albums[edit]

Year Title Italian Chart Notes
1972 Banco del Mutuo Soccorso 5
1972 Darwin! 4
1973 Io sono nato libero 10
1975 Banco 10 includes English versions of songs from previous albums
1976 Garofano rosso 9 film soundtrack
1976 Come in un'ultima cena 8 also recorded in English (As in a Last Supper)
1978 …di terra with Orchestra dell'Unione Musicisti di Roma
1979 Canto di primavera 36
1980 Urgentissimo 11
1981 Buone Notizie
1983 Banco 23
1985 ...e via 42
1994 Il 13
1997 Nudo
2019 Transiberiana 19

Live albums[edit]

Year Title Italian Chart Notes
1979 Capolinea 28
2003 No Palco 30th anniversary live album
2005 Seguendo le Tracce live recording from 1975

Other releases[edit]

Year Title Italian Chart Notes
1976 As In A Last Supper English version of Come in un'ultima cena
1989 Donna Plautilla compilation of previously unreleased pre-1972 material
1989 Non Mettere le Dita nel Naso under the name of Francesco Di Giacomo
1991 Darwin reworking of the original 1972 album
1991 Da qui Messere si Domina la Valle re-release of the first two albums
1993 La Storia compilation
1996 Banco d'Accusa compilation boxset, released under the name of Francesco Di Giacomo


  • 1973 - Non mi rompete/La città sottile (Dischi Ricordi, SRL 10713)
  • 1979 - Canto di primavera/Circobanda (Dischi Ricordi, SRL 10896)
  • 1979 - Niente/Sono la bestia (Dischi Ricordi, SRL 10908)
  • 1980 - Il ragno/Capolinea (Dischi Ricordi, SRL 10915)
  • 1980 - Paolo Pà / Ma che idea
  • 1980 - Dove sarà / Ma che idea
  • 1980 - Il ragno / Rip
  • 1981 - Baciami Alfredo / Buone notizie
  • 1981 - Tommy/Mississippi (pubblicato come La banda di Tom)
  • 1983 - Moby Dick / Velocità
  • 1983 - Lontano da
  • 1985 - Grande Joe / Allons enfant
  • 1989 - Padre Francesco/Vedo il telefono/La mia libertà (Contempo, PT 42926 EP)
  • 1994 - Brivido
  • 1997 - Nudo
  • 1997 - Ragno
  • 2019 - I ruderi del gulag


  • Ciò che si vede è (1992, DVD release in 2004)
  • Live 1980 (2007)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sbardella, Massimo (February 21, 2014). "Scontro frontale, muore Francesco Di Giacomo Era la voce del Banco del Mutuo Soccorso" [Francesco di Giacomo dies in frontal crash, was the voice of Banco del Mutuo Soccorso] (in Italian). Retrieved February 22, 2014.
  2. ^ Pagine, Otto (September 20, 2016). "Tony D'Alessio sarà la voce del Banco del Mutuo Soccorso" [Tony D'Alessio will be the new Singer of Banco del Mutuo Soccorso] (in Italian). Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  3. ^ Musicarteam (18 January 2019). "MAT2020: COMUNICATI STAMPA: Banco del Mutuo Soccorso: in arrivo il nuovo album..." MAT2020. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  4. ^ "Album – Classifica settimanale WK 20 (dal 10.05.2019 al 16.05.2019)" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved 18 May 2019.