Bandō, Ibaraki

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Bandō

坂東市
Bandō city hall
Bandō city hall
Flag of Bandō
Flag
Official seal of Bandō
Seal
Location of Bandō in Ibaraki Prefecture
Location of Bandō in Ibaraki Prefecture
Bandō is located in Japan
Bandō
Bandō
 
Coordinates: 36°2′54.3″N 139°53′19.4″E / 36.048417°N 139.888722°E / 36.048417; 139.888722Coordinates: 36°2′54.3″N 139°53′19.4″E / 36.048417°N 139.888722°E / 36.048417; 139.888722
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureIbaraki
Area
 • Total123.03 km2 (47.50 sq mi)
Population
 (October 2020)
 • Total51,577
 • Density420/km2 (1,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeZelkova serrata
- FlowerTea
- BirdJapanese bush warbler
Phone number0297-35-2121
AddressIwai 4365, Bando City, Ibaraki Prefecture 306-0692
WebsiteOfficial website
Sakasai Castle

Bandō (坂東市, Bandō-shi) is a city located in Ibaraki Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2020, the city had an estimated population of 51,577 in 18,441 households and a population density of 419 persons per km². The percentage of the population aged over 65 was 30.7%.[1] The total area of the city is 123.03 square kilometres (47.50 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Bandō is located in far southwestern Ibaraki Prefecture, on the north bank of the Tone River, bordered by Chiba Prefecture to the southwest. It is approximately 50 kilometers northeast of Tokyo.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Ibaraki Prefecture

Chiba Prefecture

Climate[edit]

Bandō has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light snowfall. The average annual temperature in Bandō is 14.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1316 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 3.2 °C.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Bandō has slowly been declining over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1920 37,015—    
1930 39,661+7.1%
1940 42,007+5.9%
1950 51,707+23.1%
1960 48,176−6.8%
1970 48,853+1.4%
1980 55,204+13.0%
1990 58,699+6.3%
2000 58,673−0.0%
2010 56,110−4.4%

History[edit]

The area of modern Bandō was part of Shimōsa Province until the start of the Meiji period. With the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, the village of Iwai was created within Sashima District, Ibaraki. Iwai was elevated to town status on July 4, 1900 and to city status on April 1, 1972. The city of Bandō was established on March 22, 2005, from the merger of the city of Iwai with the neighboring town of Sashima.

Government[edit]

Bandō has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 20 members. Bandō contributes one member to the Ibaraki Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Ibaraki 7th district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy[edit]

Bandō has mixed economy with a large number of industrial parks. The area is traditionally known for its production of leeks, lettuce and Chinese cabbage.

Education[edit]

  • Bandō has 13 public elementary schools and four public middle schools operated by the city government, and two public high schools operated by the Ibaraki Prefectural Board of Education.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

  • Bandō does not have any passenger train service.

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • site of Sakasai Castle
  • Ibaraki Nature Museum

International relations[edit]

Notable people from Bandō[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ibaraki prefectural official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Bandō climate data
  3. ^ Bandō population statistics

External links[edit]

Media related to Bandō, Ibaraki at Wikimedia Commons