In addition to the song "Satan, Your Kingdom Must Come Down", which is the opening theme for the Starz television series Boss, the credits of BBC 1's Luther for an episode aired on 16 July 2013 and the season two finale of the Syfy series Defiance, the album is particularly notable for the song "Monkey", originally of the band Low, which is slowed-down to a grinding, spooky Gothic Rock tempo and mood that is vastly different from Low's version. It is arguably the least similar to other tracks on the album (except for Satan), which for the most part carry folk rock or progressive rock moods. This version of "Monkey" also may be the first Gothic Rock track Robert Plant has ever recorded, and although it is not a staple at Plant's live performances, there have been instances where he has performed it.
The album debuted at #5 on the Billboard 200 chart and at #3 on the UK Albums Chart. The first single released from the album was "Angel Dance".
Band of Joy was received positively. Metacritic's aggregate score for the album is 80 out of 100, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Rolling Stone, while only giving the album a three-and-a-half-star review, ranked it #8 on its list of the 30 Best Albums of 2010.Q Magazine in its January 2011 edition ranked Band of Joy as the second best album of 2010, stating that, "free from having to imitate his 20-year-old self in Zeppelin, the sexagenarian sings to his strengths here, with Miller and Griffin his not-so secret weapons on an album that pinwheels between gentlemanly country-blues (Cindy, I'll Marry You Some Day), spooky lo-fi (Silver Rider) and charming '60s pop (You Can't Buy My Love)."