Banded cat-eyed snake

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Banded cat-eyed snake
Leptodeira annulata01.jpg
Undulous dorsal stripe
Leptodeira annulata.jpg
Vertically elliptic pupil
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Colubridae
Genus: Leptodeira
Species: L. annulata
Binomial name
Leptodeira annulata
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Synonyms

The banded cat-eyed snake (Leptodeira annulata) is a species of medium-sized, mildly venomous, colubrid snake endemic to the New World.[3]

Common names[edit]

Additional common names include: cat-eyed night snake, come sapo, culebra de pantano, culebra destenida, machete savane, mapana de agua, mapana tigre, and ranera.[4]

Geographic range[edit]

It is found in Mexico, Central America, and South America, including the offshore islands of Margarita, and Trinidad and Tobago.[2]

Description[edit]

Adults are about 750 mm (30 in) long and very slender. The head is distinct from the neck, and the large eyes have vertically elliptic pupils. The back is yellowish or brown with a series of dark brown or blackish spots often confluent into an undulous or zigzag stripe.[1]

Venom[edit]

It has a pair of enlarged, grooved teeth at the rear of each upper jaw (maxilla),[1] and produces a mild venom.[citation needed]. The venom affects the snake's natural prey (mainly small frogs and small lizards). The snake tends not to bite humans when handled, but when it does, the venom has relatively mild effects in most individuals (some describe it as a slight irritating/itching sensation with slight swelling). The snake is not considered a risk to human health.

Habitat[edit]

It inhabits moist areas.[4] The snake tends to be found in forest (moist and dry forest) as well as in areas near forest edge (including well vegetated urbanized areas near forest edge). They are often associated with riparian zones, as well as the margins of swamps and marshes.

Behavior[edit]

Leptodeira annulata is nocturnal, and it hunts and feeds in trees and on the ground.[4]

Diet[edit]

It preys on frogs, frog eggs, salamanders, and small reptiles such as lizards.[4] It may also feed on fledgling birds.[citation needed]

Reproduction[edit]

Snakes of the genus Leptodeira are oviparous, sometimes exhibiting delayed fertilization.[5]

Subspecies[edit]

Two subspecies are recognized, including the nominotypical subspecies.[3]

The subspecific name, ashmeadi, is in honor of Hallowell's "friend Mr. Samuel Ashmead".[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History). Volume III., Containing the Colubridæ (Opisthoglyphæ...). Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History). (Taylor and Francis, Printers.) London. xiv + 727 pp. + Plates I.- XXV. (Genus Leptodira, pp. 88-89; species Leptodira annulata, pp. 97-98.)
  2. ^ a b The Reptile Database. www.reptile-database.org.
  3. ^ a b ITIS (Integrated Taxonomic Information System). www.itis.gov.
  4. ^ a b c d Freiberg, M.. 1982. Snakes of South America. T.F.H. Publications. Hong Kong. 189 pp. ISBN 0-87666-912-7. (Leptodeira annulata, pp. 100-101, 103 + photograph on p. 55.)
  5. ^ Wright, A.H., and A.A. Wright. 1957. Handbook of Snakes of the United States and Canada. Comstock. Ithaca and London. 1,105 pp. (in 2 volumes). ("Genus Leptodeira", pp. 415-418.)
  6. ^ Hallowell. 1845. p. 244.

Further reading[edit]

  • Boos, Hans E.A. (2001). The Snakes of Trinidad and Tobago. Texas A&M University Press. College Station, Texas. xvi + 328 pp. ISBN 1-58544-116-3. 
  • Halowell, E. 1845. Description of Reptiles, from South America, supposed to be new. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 2: 241-247. ("Coluber Ashmeadii", pp. 244–245.)
  • Linnaeus, C. 1758. Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, diferentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima, Reformata. L. Salvius. Stockholm. 824 pp. (Coluber annulatus, p. 224.)
  • Morris, Percy A. 1948. Boy's Book of Snakes: How to Recognize and Understand Them. A volume of the Humanizing Science Series, edited by Jaques Cattell. Ronald Press. New York. 185 pp. ("Night Snake", Leptodira annulata, pp. 140–141, 181.)