Banded pig

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Banded pig
Banded Pig (Sus scrofa vittatus) (8750051577).jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Genus: Sus
Species: S. scrofa
Subspecies: S. s. vittatus
Trinomial name
Sus scrofa vittatus
Boie, 1828
Synonyms
  • Sus scrofa andersoni
  • Sus scrofa jubatulus
  • Sus scrofa milleri
  • Sus scrofa pallidiloris
  • Sus scrofa peninsularis
  • Sus scrofa rhionis
  • Sus scrofa typicus

The banded pig (Sus scrofa vittatus) is a subspecies of wild boar native to the Thai-Malay Peninsula and many Indonesian islands, including Sumatra, Java, and the Lesser Sundas as far east as Komodo. It is known as the wild boar in Singapore. It is the most basal subspecies, having the smallest relative brain size, more primitive dentition and unspecialised cranial structure.[1] It is a short-faced subspecies with a white band on the muzzle,[2] as well as sparse body hair, no underwool, a fairly long mane, and a broad reddish band extending from the muzzle to the sides of the neck.[3] It is much smaller than the mainland cristatus subspecies, with the largest specimens on Komodo weighing only 48 kg.[4]

In some areas, it differs from most other boar populations by being highly frugivorous, with specimens in Ujung Kulon National Park in Java eating around 50 different fruit species, especially figs, thus making them important seed dispersers.[5] On the islands of Komodo and Rinca, its diet is more varied, encompassing roots, tubers, grasses, insects, fruits, snakes and carrion. It also frequently eats crabs during low tide. Piglets are born from December to March in litters of 2-6, and are raised in grass nests constructed by their mother. They are much less vividly striped than the young of S. s. scrofa.[4]

On the islands of Komodo, Rinca and Flores, the banded pig is a primary food source for Komodo dragons.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hemmer, H. (1990), Domestication: The Decline of Environmental Appreciation, Cambridge University Press, pp. 55-59, ISBN 0521341787
  2. ^ Groves, C. (2008). Current views on the taxonomy and zoogeography of the genus Sus. pp. 15–29 in Albarella, U., Dobney, K, Ervynck, A. & Rowley-Conwy, P. Eds. (2008). Pigs and Humans: 10,000 Years of Interaction. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920704-6
  3. ^ Groves, C. P. et al. 1993. The Eurasian Suids Sus and Babyrousa. In Oliver, W. L. R., ed., Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos - 1993 Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, 107-108. IUCN/SSC Pigs and Peccaries Specialist Group, ISBN 2-8317-0141-4
  4. ^ a b c Affenberg, W. (1981), The Behavioral Ecology of the Komodo Monitor, University Press of Florida, pp. 248, ISBN 081300621X
  5. ^ Oliver, W. L. R. et al. 1993. The Eurasian Wild Pig (Sus scrofa). In Oliver, W. L. R., ed., Pigs, Peccaries, and Hippos - 1993 Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, 112-121. IUCN/SSC Pigs and Peccaries Specialist Group, ISBN 2-8317-0141-4