Sadri (clothing)

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A Khadi bandi worn over a kurta and churidar.
Jawaharlal Nehru, left, in a Bandi or Nehru vest, talking to Mahatma Gandhi, 1942

Sadri (Hindi: सदरी, Urdu: صدری‎), also known as a Waskat (Hindi: वास्कट, Urdu: واسکٹ‎) or Bandi (Hindi: बंडी, Urdu: بنڈی‎), is a vest-jacket worn by men in South Asia, while women sometimes wear a similar waistcoat known as a Koti (Hindi: कोटी, Urdu: کوٹی‎).[1][2] In Europe and America, the sadri became known as a Nehru vest.[3]

Etymology[edit]

The word Bandi is derived from badhnati (Sanskrit: बध्नाति) meaning to fasten or to tie.[4]

Use[edit]

The sadri is a sleeveless-vest jacket, traditionally worn over achkan, angarkha, qameez and kurta by men.[5] It was historically worn by the peasant class and was decorated with various styles of folk embroidery for festive occasions.[6][7] It is part of everyday wear for men and it is also popular among the political class throughout South Asia.[8] In the winter, the sadri is especially worn as it keeps the wearer warm.[9]

Koti jacket was traditionally worn by women, it differs from bandi and sadri worn by men in size and decoration. Gota embroidery is commonly used and was traditionally worn over choli, gagra choli, angarkha and shalwar kameez.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arabinda Biswas (1985) "Indian Costumes.", p.43
  2. ^ Bohra, Qammaruddin (2000). City of Hyderabad Sindh: 712-1947. Royal Book Company. p. 75. 
  3. ^ Srinivasan, Amruthur V. (2006). The Vedic Wedding: Origins, Tradition, and Practice. Periplus Line. p. 225. ISBN 9780978544300. 
  4. ^ Spokensanskrit
  5. ^ Condra, Jill (9 April 2013). Encyclopedia of National Dress: Traditional Clothing Around the World. ABC-CLIO. p. 2. ISBN 9780313376375. 
  6. ^ Ayyappan Madhava Kurup (1986) "Continuity and Change in a Little Community", p.107
  7. ^ Government of Uttar Pradesh, (1989) "Uttar Pradesh District Gazetteers: Garhwal", p.60
  8. ^ Arti Sandhu, (2014) "Indian Fashion: Tradition, Innovation, Style", p.140
  9. ^ Illustrated Weekly of Pakistan, Volume 19, Issues 12-25. Pakistan Herald Publications. 1967. p. 17. Picture shows the ruler in a 'sadri' — a half- sleeved vest worn in winter. 
  10. ^ Kumar, Ritu (2006) "Costumes and textiles of royal India, p.299