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Bandiera Rossa (Italian for "Red Flag"), often also called Avanti Popolo after its opening words, is one of the most famous songs of the Italian labour movement. It glorifies the red flag, symbol of the socialist and communist movement. The text was written by Carlo Tuzzi in 1908; the melody is taken from two Lombard folk songs.
Apart from the first Italian text, there are several variants which are identified with certain socialist or communist parties. The last two lines "Evviva il comunismo e la libertà" were put in the text after the rise of Benito Mussolini; at the same time the original beginning "Compagni avanti alla riscossa" was changed to "Avanti o popolo, alla riscossa". Also, the word "comunismo" at the end of the chorus is often replaced with "socialismo", especially in more recent renderings of the song.
From the song's opening words is derived the title of the 1986 Israeli film Avanti Popolo. The film's protagonists - very non-heroic Israeli and Egyptian soldiers wandering the Sinai Desert in the aftermath of the 1967 War - in one scene sing the song in a rather facetious way.
Excerpt from the text
This version translated for marxists.org by Clara Statello and Mitchell Abidor.
Foreign language versions
One of the most widely translated Italian songs, Bandiera Rossa has been rendered in several languages including: German, French, Swedish, Norwegian, Danish, Turkish, Kurdish, Finnish, Icelandic and Russian.
- "Lyrics: Bandiera rossa (Marxists Internet Archive)". 2015-06-23. Retrieved 2015-06-23.
- "DDR Lieder - "Bandiera Rossa"". YouTube. 2011-08-16. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Bandiera rossa - (Französisch)". YouTube. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Bandiera Rossa". YouTube. 2008-08-30. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Søren Sidevind - Avanti Popolo". YouTube. 2010-01-06. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "1 Mayıs ! İşçinin emekçinin bayramı !". YouTube. 2011-04-30. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- "Bandiera rossa - (Italienisch / Deutsch / Finnisch / Russisch)". YouTube. 2011-01-31. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
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