Bandung Institute of Technology

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Bandung Institute of Technology
Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB)
Former name
Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng
Motto In Harmonia Progressio
Motto in English
Progress in Harmony
Established July 3, 1920 (as Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng)
March 2, 1959 (as Institut Teknologi Bandung)
Type State University
Rector Prof. Dr. Ir. Kadarsah Suryadi, DEA (2015-present)
Academic staff

1,207 (as of 2014):[1]
Undergraduate: 19 (1.57%)[1]
Graduate: 300 (24.85%)[1]

Doctorate: 888 (73.57%)[1]
Students

19,747 (as of 2014)[1]
Undergrad : 14,320 (as of 2014)[1]
Postgrad : 4,776 (as of 2014)[1]

Doctoral : 651 (as of 2014)[1]
Location Jl. Ganesha 10, Bandung, Indonesia
6°53′27″S 107°36′37″E / 6.890903°S 107.610378°E / -6.890903; 107.610378Coordinates: 6°53′27″S 107°36′37″E / 6.890903°S 107.610378°E / -6.890903; 107.610378
Campus Urban
795,646 m2[1]
Colors Deep Cobalt Blue ‹See Tfm›    [2][3]
Mascot Ganesha
Affiliations ABET, ASAIHL, AUN, EBA Consortium, ASEA UNINET, Global E3, AOTULE, SEATUC
Website www.itb.ac.id

The Bandung Institute of Technology or Institute of Technology, Bandung (Indonesian: Institut Teknologi Bandung, abbreviated as ITB) is a state, coeducational research university located in Bandung, Indonesia. Established in 1920, ITB is the oldest technology-oriented university in Indonesia.

ITB was considered the top choice among Indonesia's high school students in 2006 and has been credited as one of the most "prestigious" universities in Indonesia, together with University of Indonesia, and Gadjah Mada University.[4][5] Sukarno, the first president of the Republic of Indonesia, earned his engineering degree in civil engineering from ITB. More than that, B. J. Habibie, the third president of Indonesia also graduated with engineering degree in mechanical engineering from ITB.

The university cultivates professional and social activities by supporting its students' unions, the student government councils that exist in every department. Each students' union has its own distinctly designed jacket that, among other traditions, serves as part of its member identity. There are also a number of student activity units/clubs supporting ITB student interests in rounding out their educational experience. It is not uncommon that the students and alumni are identified by the clubs to which they belong (or used to belong) at ITB, in addition to their class year and major.

The university is a member of LAOTSE, an international network of leading universities in Europe and Asia exchanging students and senior scholars.

Until 2015, ITB had some programs been internationally accredited from an independent United States of America accrediting institution, Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology, where ITB is the only public university in Indonesia with this particular international accrediting institution. The seven study programs are Electrical Engineering, Informatics, Chemical Engineering, Engineering Physics, Industrial Engineering, Ocean Engineering, and Environmental Engineering.

ITB's march "Mars ITB" and hymn "Hymne ITB" were arranged by a former professor, Prof. Dr. Sudjoko Danoesoebrata.[6]

Historical Background[edit]

De Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng, circa 1924-1932
The entrance gate to Tecnische Hogeschool in Bandung in 1929

ITB traces its origin to de Technische Hoogeschool te Bandoeng (THB) which was established by the Dutch colonial administration to meet the needs of technical resources in Dutch East Indies. The school building was designed in 1918 by a Dutch architect named Henri Maclaine Pont, who are inspired by Indonesian vernacular architecture and blending it with modern elements.[7] When the school opened its door for the first time on July 3, 1920, it only had one department namely 'de Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap' (Faculty of Technical Science) and one academic major of 'de afdeeling der Weg en Waterbouw' (the department of Road and Water resources engineering).

During the Japanese occupation in 1942-1945, the institute was renamed Kōgyō Daigaku (工業大学, 'Industrial University'). When Indonesia declared its independence the campus was renamed "Sekolah Tinggi Teknik" (STT) (Technic high school) in 1945. However a year later the Netherlands returned to Indonesia and took directorship of the campus, it was used as "Nood-Universiteit van Nederlandsch Indië" (emergency university of Dutch East Indies). Later in 1947 the campus housed the Faculteit van Technische Wetenschap (faculty of engineering) and Faculteit van Exacte Wetenschap (faculty of science) which is under Universiteit van Indonesië (later University of Indonesia). In 1950 after the Netherlands left Indonesia, the university became faculty of engineering and faculty of natural sciences, under University of Indonesia.

On March 2, 1959, the 2 faculty of University of Indonesia in Bandung was declared a separate academic entity. On Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah) No. 155/2000, ITB was declared a Legal Enterprise (Badan Hukum). Bandung Institute of Technology was founded for higher learning in natural sciences, technologies, and fine arts.

Campus[edit]

ITB Library in 2007

The ITB main campus, to the north of the downtown Bandung, and its other campuses, cover a total area of 770,000 square meters.

Students and faculty housing, and administrative headquarters are not on the main campus, but are located within proximity. Facilities on the campus include book shops, a post office, student cafeteria, and medical clinic.

In addition to lecture rooms, laboratories, workshops and studios, ITB has an art gallery, sports facilities and a student activities' center. Also near the campus is the Salman Mosque for worship and religious activities of the ITB Muslim community. For implementation of academic and research activities there are seven academic support facilities, namely, the Central Library (with approximately 150,000 books and 1000 journal titles) on campus, Sports Center, Language Center, and the Bosscha Observatory (a facility of the Department of Astronomy) in Lembang, 11 kilometers to the north of Bandung.

Academics[edit]

Admission and Selectivity[edit]

Admission to ITB is conducted through nationwide entrance examination (SNMPTN & SBMPTN). Historically ITB has been the most selective University in the nation.[8] In 2000, the last Asiaweek survey available, ITB ranked first in Asia in student selectivity.[9] In the 2007 and 2008 national entrance examination, ITB has the highest average score as well as the highest passing grade in the nation.[10][11] The aggregate admission rate in 2008 was around 4%,[10] which was lower than the admission rate of Harvard in the same year (9%)[12]

Quality and Reputation[edit]

Several national, regional, and global surveys have been conducted to assess the quality of universities. ITB is among the first choices of college applicants to enter higher education.[4][5] In a 1991 survey, the top 200 high school students in the national entrance examination indicated ITB as their first choice.[8]

According to 4icu, an academic ranking method based on the popularity level of academic institutions in the World Wide Web, with total samples of more than 9200 institutions in 2010 by, ITB was ranked 30th in the world, far above other Indonesian universities like the Gadjah Mada University (686th) and the University of Indonesia (685), surpassing the leading university in Asia, such as Tokyo University (91) - MIT is at the first place of 4icu survey.[13] THE-QS, a UK-based University ranking survey, ranked ITB 80th in the field of Engineering and IT in the world, the only university in Indonesia within the top 100 in its field. The first rank in the field was MIT.[14] ITB is considered to have the highest selectivity in the field of science and engineering in the SNMPTN (nationwide state university entrance test) in 2009 from 422,159 examinees competing for its limited 2,000 seats.[15]

The passing grades required to enter its top three favorite faculties i.e., Faculty of Industrial Technology (FTI), School of Electrical Engineering and Informatics (STEI) and Faculty of Mining and Petroleum Engineering (FTTM) are the highest in the nationwide state university entrance test (SNMPTN & SBMPTN). Its business school, School of Business and Management (SBM) is considered as the most prestigious business school in Indonesia and regarded as the best business school in Indonesia by eduniversal ranking and SWA Magazine, the most popular business magazine in Indonesia.[16]

Research[edit]

According to ITB rector, ITB had built an eight-story mining research center for both national and international research such as research on oil reservoirs, production optimization, geological exploitation and coal exploitation development worth Rp110 billion ($12.1 million).[17]

Faculties and Programs[edit]

Notable people and alumni[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Webmaster Team, Unit Sumber Daya Informasi ITB. "ITB - Fakta dan Angka". Retrieved 25 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Keputusan Rektor ITB Nomor 324/SK/K01/OT/2008 tentang Penggunaan Lambang ITB
  3. ^ CMYK 100,70,0,0 http://www.colorhexa.com/004dff
  4. ^ a b "707 Siswa Pandai Tapi Tak Mampu Lulus SPMB" (online archive in Indonesian). Sinar Indonesia Baru. 6 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  5. ^ a b "Mencermati Peringkat Nilai Hasil Seleksi Penerimaan Mahasiswa Baru (SPMB) 2004" (online archive in Indonesian). Harian Jawa Pos. 13 August 2004. Retrieved 2006-11-02. 
  6. ^ "Hymne dan Mars ITB Itu Tiada" (online archive in Indonesian). Tempo Interaktif. 26 August 2006. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  7. ^ The quest for the ultimate architecture Indonesia in the late colonial period , pac-nl.org
  8. ^ a b H.I.S, Cardiyan (1991). ITB dan manusia ITB untuk Indonesia Inc. (in Indonesian). Jakarta: Sulaksana Watisna Indonesia. 
  9. ^ "Asia's Best Universities 2000 Ranking by Student Selectivity". Asiaweek. 2000-06-22. Archived from the original on 10 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  10. ^ a b "UGM dan ITB Peringkat I di SNMPTN 2008" (online archive in Indonesian). Antara. 31 July 2008. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  11. ^ "SPMB 2007, UNAIR dan ITS empat besar nasional" (online archive in Indonesian). Surya. 1 August 2007. Retrieved 2008-08-30. [dead link]
  12. ^ "Harvard Tops US Rankings". Harvard. 22 Aug 2008. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  13. ^ "Top Universities in the World - 2015 World University Web Rankings". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  14. ^ http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2009/subject-rankings/technology
  15. ^ http://sosialbudaya.tvone.co.id/berita/view/19209/2009/07/31/sebanyak_92511_calon_mahasiswa_lolos_snmptn_2009/
  16. ^ Peringkat Ranking Sekolah Bisnis Terbaik di Indonesia | blog strategi + manajemen
  17. ^ "ITB plans Rp 110b research center". December 2, 2011. 
  18. ^ ftp://ftp.fao.org/fi/DOCUMENT/staff/staffird.pdf
  19. ^ Prof. Samaun Samadikun
  20. ^ "1975A&A....41...47S Page 47". Retrieved 17 July 2015. 

External links[edit]