Built as a motte and bailey castle in the 12th century and held by the Comyns, Earl of Buchan. The castle was visited by King Edward I of England in 1296 and also in 1298 after defeating William Wallace at the Battle of Falkirk during the Wars of Scottish Independence. The castle was garrisoned with English troops until being captured by the Scots in 1310. It came into the possession of the Sharps, before being sold to Lord Ogilvy of Deskford in 1722. The castle then passed into the hands of the Russells.
- "Banff Castle". CANMORE. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Banff Castle (SM2927)". Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- Historic Environment Scotland. "Banff Castle including flanking pavilions and well, Castle Street, Banff (Category A) (LB21957)". Retrieved 8 March 2019.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Banff". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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