|• Total||641 sq mi (1,660 km2)|
|Ranked 13th of 34|
Local government council
Between 1890 and 1975 the County of Banff, also known as Banffshire, had its own county council.
In 1975, Banffshire was abolished for purpose of local government. Its territory was divided between the local government districts of Moray and Banff and Buchan, which lay within the Grampian region. In 1996, the region was abolished, and the area now lies within the council areas of Moray and Aberdeenshire.
Considerable evidence of prehistoric human habitation exists particularly near the coastal area. For example, the Longman Hill cairn and Cairn Lee are situated in the northern portion of Banffshire in the vicinity of the Burn of Myrehouse.
Cullen Church was known to have existed in 1236. The south aisle was added by Elena Hay in 1536 and dedicated to St Anne. It became a collegiate church in 1543 with six prebendaries and two singing boys to sing mass 'decently and in order every day'.
Cullen Church was the centre of the old kirkton of Cullen until 1820-30 when the township removed to the present 'new town' of Cullen and the manse, which had been close by, was rebuilt in Seafield Place in 1830.
Civil parishes are still used for some statistical purposes, and separate census figures are published for them. As their areas have been largely unchanged since the 19th century this allows for comparison of population figures over an extended period of time.
From 1845 to 1930, parishes formed part of the local government system of Scotland, having parochial boards from 1845 to 1894.
- Bellie (probably now all in Moray)
- Botriphnie Drummuir
- Inveraven or Inveravon
- Kirkmichael (possibly all in Banffshire)[clarification needed]
- Marlach or Marnoch
- Mortlach (Mortlach distillery)
- Rothiemay Milltown of Rothiemay
- Ontiquhill or Ordiquhill
- Auchlunkart House (A. Steuart)
- Balveny Castle or Balvenie Castle
- Cairfield House (John Gordon)
- Cullen House (Earl of Seafield)
- Duff House
- Edingight House (Major A.F. Innes Taylor)
- Forglen House and Birkenbog (Sir Robert Abercrombie)
- Gordon Castle (Duke of Richmond)
- Letterfourie (Sir William Gordon)
- Mayen House (William Duff)
- Mount-coffer House (Earl of Fife)
- Park House (Colonel Thomas Gordon)
Castles in Banffshire
- Auchindune Auchindoun Castle
- Balveny or Balvenie
- Cullen (near Cullen) 
- Galval or Gouldwell Castle (Boharm Civil Parish)
- Inchdrewer, Banff Parish
- James Abercromby, (1706-1781), born in Glassaugh, British general in the French and Indian War.
- Captain George Duff RN (c. 1 February 1764 – 21 October 1805) was a British naval officer during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars, who was killed by a cannonball at the Battle of Trafalgar. Born in Banff
- James Ferguson, FRS (1710-1776), born Rothiemay, astronomer and instrument maker.
- George Gauld (surveyor)
- Saint John Ogilvie, (1579-1615), born in Keith was a Scottish Catholic martyr.
- George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen 1829-1921 Canadian railway executive who named Banff, Alberta after his birthplace; Banff National Park and Banff Springs Hotel are linked to Stephen back to Banffshire
- Lord Lieutenant of Banffshire
- Banffshire (UK Parliament constituency)
- List of counties of Scotland 1890–1975
- Registers of Scotland. Publications, leaflets, Land Register Counties Archived 7 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine..
- "St Fergus through time | Census tables with data for the Scottish Parish". Visionofbritain.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- "Longman Hill (Long Barrow) | UK". The Modern Antiquarian.com. 1924-12-24. Retrieved 2012-11-12.
- United Kingdom Ordnance Survey Map 1:50,000 (2004)
- The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland (1854) of Scotland (1854) by Rev. John Marius Wilson https://archive.org/stream/imperialgazettee01wils#page/791/mode/1up
- The Imperial gazetteer of Scotland (1854). Vol I. by Rev. John Marius Wilson p.130
- "History of Deskford Castle by Cullen & Deskford Church of Scotland". Retrieved 4 February 2017.
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- "Library and Archive Catalog". The Royal Society. Retrieved 21 July 2010.
- "Banffshire Genealogy Resources & Parish Registers". Retrieved 4 February 2017.
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