Banffshire (UK Parliament constituency)

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Banffshire
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Subdivisions of Scotland Banffshire
17081983
Number of members One
Replaced by Moray
Banff & Buchan
Created from Banffshire

Banffshire was a constituency of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1708 to 1800, and of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1801 to 1983. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP), using the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency covered the county of Banffshire, Scotland, but until 1918 the county town of Banff and the burgh of Cullen were represented as part of Elgin Burghs.

In 1983 it was split and merged into Moray and Banff and Buchan.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election [1] Member [2] Party
1707 John Murray
1708 Alexander Abercromby
1727 William Duff, later 1st Earl Fife
1734 James Abercromby
1754 James Duff, later 2nd Earl Fife
1784 Sir James Duff
1789 by-election James Ferguson Tory
1790 Sir James Grant, Bt Tory
1795 by-election David McDowall-Grant
1796 Sir William Grant Whig
1812 Robert Abercromby
1818 James Duff, later 4th Earl Fife
1827 by-election John Morison Whig
1832 George Ferguson Tory
1834 Conservative
1837 James Duff, later 5th Earl Fife Liberal
1857 by-election Lachlan Duff Gordon-Duff Liberal
1861 by-election Robert William Duff Liberal
1893 by-election Sir William Wedderburn Liberal
1900 Alexander William Black Liberal
1907 by-election Walter Waring Liberal
1918 Charles Coupar Barrie, later Baron Abertay Liberal
1924 William Paterson Templeton Unionist
1929 Sir Murdoch McKenzie Wood Liberal
1935 Sir John Edmund Ritchie Findlay Unionist
1945 Sir William Duthie Unionist
1964 Wilfred Baker Conservative
Feb 1974 Hamish Watt SNP
1979 David Myles Conservative
1983 constituency abolished: see Banff & Buchan and Moray

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1850s[edit]

Banffshire by-election, 1857[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Lachlan Duff Gordon-Duff unopposed n/a n/a

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

General Election 1868: Banffshire[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert William Duff unopposed n/a n/a

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1885: Banffshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert William Duff 3,740 65.1
Conservative Moir Tod Stormonth-Darling 2,008 34.9
Majority 1,732 30.2
Turnout 81.9
Liberal hold Swing

Having accepted office as Civil Lord of the Admiralty, Robert Duff was returned unopposed at a by-election on 13 February 1886.

General Election 1886: Banffshire[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Robert William Duff 2,583 64.9 n/a
Liberal Unionist Sir Charles Grant 1,394 35.1 n/a
Majority 1,189 29.8 n/a
Turnout 56.7 n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

Robert Duff
General Election 1892: Banffshire[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rt Hon. Robert William Duff 2,293 61.7
Independent Conservative Michael Maltman Barry 1,424 38.3
Majority 869 23.4
Turnout 51.7
Liberal hold Swing
W. Wedderburn
Banffshire by-election, 1893[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir William Wedderburn 3,166 56.9
Conservative James Augustus Grant 2,395 43.1
Majority 771 13.8
Turnout 76.8
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1895: Banffshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir William Wedderburn 2,977 54.7
Conservative James Augustus Grant 2,467 45.3
Majority 510 9.4
Turnout 72.4
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

Alexander Black
General Election 1900: Banffshire[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander William Black 2,768
Conservative George Watt 2,470
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1906: Banffshire[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alexander William Black 4,101
Conservative James Augustus Grant 1,901
Majority
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
Walter Waring
Banffshire by-election, 1907[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Waring 3,901 67.3
Conservative William Whitelaw 1,892 32.7
Majority 2,009 34.6
Turnout 70.8
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election Jan 1910: Banffshire[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Waring 4,066 66.4
Conservative James Crabb Watt 2,053 33.6
Majority 2,013 32.8
Turnout 74.8
Liberal hold Swing
General Election Dec 1910: Banffshire[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Walter Waring unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

Charles Barrie
General Election 1918: Banffshire[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Banffshire[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Sir Charles Coupar Barrie unopposed n/a n/a
National Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Banffshire[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Charles Coupar Barrie unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1924: Banffshire[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William Paterson Templeton 6,829 42.7 n/a
Liberal Sir Charles Coupar Barrie 5,426 34.0 n/a
Labour A W Groundwater 3,722 23.3 n/a
Majority 8.7 n/a
Turnout n/a
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1929: Banffshire[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Murdoch McKenzie Wood 9,278 44.3 +10.3
Unionist William Paterson Templeton 6,720 32.0 -10.7
Labour Alasdair Alpin MacGregor 4,982 23.7 +0.4
Majority 12.3 21.0
Turnout
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +10.5

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Banffshire[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Murdoch McKenzie Wood unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
General Election 1935: Banffshire[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir John Edmund Ritchie Findlay 11,771 51.3 n/a
Liberal Sir Murdoch McKenzie Wood 11,168 48.7 n/a
Turnout 70.5 n/a
Majority 603 2.6 n/a
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing n/a

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the Autumn of 1939, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Banffshire[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Smith Duthie 10,689 49.45
Liberal Ian Alistair Duncan Millar 6,401 29.62
Labour D. Macpherson 4,524 20.93
Majority 4,288 19.84
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Banffshire[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Smith Duthie 13,952 58.15
Labour J. Brown 6,303 26.27
Liberal Sir Gordon James Lethem 3,739 15.58
Majority 7,649 31.88
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1951: Banffshire[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Smith Duthie 16,562 70.87
Labour Alexander Flett 6,806 29.13
Majority 9,756 41.75
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1955: Banffshire[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Smith Duthie 14,643 69.80
Labour William Paterson 6,337 30.20
Majority 8,306 39.59
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1959: Banffshire[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Smith Duthie 14,359 70.56
Labour Robert W. Irvine 5,992 29.44
Majority 8,367 41.12
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Banffshire[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wilfred Harold Kerton Baker 9,995 47.77
Labour Henry Dickson 5,574 26.64
Liberal Thomas Alexander Macnair 5,354 25.59
Majority 4,421 21.13
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1966: Banffshire[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wilfred Harold Kerton Baker 8,139 41.37
Liberal Basil Wishart 6,762 34.37
Labour Robert Middleton 4,775 24.27
Majority 1,377 7.00
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Banffshire[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Wilfred Harold Kerton Baker 8,457 38.71
SNP Hamish Watt 5,006 22.91
Liberal Thomas Ronald Leslie Fraser 4,589 21.01
Labour Andrew F. Walls 3,795 17.37
Majority 3,451 15.80
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Banffshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Hamish Watt 11,037 46.1
Conservative Wilfred Harold Kerton Baker 8,252 34.5
Liberal Thomas Ronald Leslie Fraser 3,121 13.0
Labour R Dool 1,528 6.4
Majority 2,785 11.6
Turnout 23,938 75.7
SNP gain from Conservative Swing
General Election October 1974: Banffshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
SNP Hamish Watt 10,638 45.9
Conservative J.S. Gordon 8,797 37.9
Liberal C. McLeod 2,059 8.9
Labour A.W.M. Porteous 1,700 7.3
Majority 1,851 8.0
Turnout 23,194 72.5
SNP hold Swing
General Election 1979: Banffshire
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative David Fairlie Myles 10,580 44.6
SNP Hamish Watt 9,781 41.2
Labour R.E. Duncan 3,381 14.2
Majority 799 3.4
Turnout 23,742 72.4
Conservative gain from SNP Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844–1850]. Craig, F. W. S., ed. The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 622–623. ISBN 0-900178-13-2. 
  2. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  3. ^ The Times, 1 July 1857
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons, 1870
  5. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1889
  6. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1893
  7. ^ The Times, 17 March 1893
  8. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1901
  9. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1907
  10. ^ The Times, 19 Feb 1907
  11. ^ a b Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1916
  12. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1920
  13. ^ The Times, 17 November 1922
  14. ^ The Times, 8 December 1923
  15. ^ Oliver & Boyd's Edinburgh Almanack, 1927
  16. ^ The Times, 1 June 1929
  17. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1934
  18. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1939
  19. ^ The Liberal Magazine, 1939
  20. ^ Report of the Annual Conference of the Labour Party, 1939
  21. ^ [1]
  22. ^ [2]
  23. ^ [3]
  24. ^ [4]
  25. ^ Whitaker's Almanack, 1963
  26. ^ [5]
  27. ^ a b [6]