Bang Kwang Central Prison

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Bang Kwang Central Prison
LocationNonthaburi, Thailand
Coordinates13°50′48″N 100°29′35″E / 13.84667°N 100.49306°E / 13.84667; 100.49306Coordinates: 13°50′48″N 100°29′35″E / 13.84667°N 100.49306°E / 13.84667; 100.49306
StatusOperational
Security classMaximum security
Opened1933
Managed byThai Department of Corrections

Bang Kwang Central Prison (Thai: เรือนจำกลางบางขวาง; RTGSRueancham Klang Bang Khwang) is a men's prison in Nonthaburi Province, Thailand, on the Chao Phraya River about 11 km north of Bangkok. It is a part of the Department of Corrections.

Bang Kwang is the site of the men's death row and the execution chamber of Thailand. As of 2018 the prison had about 6,000 inmates.[1]

History[edit]

The prison houses many foreign prisoners. It is a harsh prison that handles death row and long-sentence prisoners. All prisoners are required to wear leg irons for the first three months of their sentences.[2] Death row inmates were required to have their leg irons permanently welded on,[2] although this practice ended in 2013.[3] In the book The Damage Done, former prisoner and drug courier Warren Fellows recounts that the prison was nicknamed "Big Tiger" by the Thais because it "prowled and ate".[4] Fellows's associate Paul Hayward also served part of his sentence there.

Death row[edit]

Bang Kwang contains Thailand's primary men's death row and execution chamber. Death rows for both men and women also are present in provincial prisons.[5] As of March 2018, 510 persons remained on death row nationwide.[6]

As of 1995 there was one man from the United Kingdom on death row at Bang Kwang, Alan John Davies. He was the first European to receive a death sentence in Thailand. He was freed after 17 years of "hell" in the Bang Kwang prison, returning to the UK in 2007 after being granted amnesty by the king.[7][8]

Chaovaret Jarubon, the last executioner in Thailand to kill by gunfire, died in 2012, having executed 55 prisoners during his career. He wrote an autobiography in 2006, The Last Executioner, and co-wrote A Secret History of the Bangkok Hilton, with Pornchai Sereemongkonpol.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Laohong, King-Oua (27 September 2018). "NHSO takes on Bang Kwang". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 27 September 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Free at last: Longest-serving farang at 'Bangkok Hilton' is checking out." Mail & Guardian. March 2, 2012. Retrieved on July 4, 2016.
  3. ^ Fredrickson, Terry. "Shackles removed from Bang Kwang inmates ." Bangkok Post. May 16, 2013. Retrieved on July 4, 2016.
  4. ^ Fellows, W., Marx, J., The Damage Done, Pan Macmillan Australia 1997, p.115 ISBN 1-84018-275-X.
  5. ^ "Debating the Death Penalty" (Opinion). Bangkok Post. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  6. ^ "Death penalty 'here to stay'". Bangkok Post. 20 June 2018. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
  7. ^ "Scot faces life in Thai prison after drugs are seized at airport. English trafficker sentenced to death." Herald Scotland. July 13, 1995. Retrieved on July 4, 2016.
  8. ^ "Alan John Davies - Thailand." Fair Trials. March 14, 2013.
  9. ^ Algie, Jim (2012-05-06). "Boozing altruist a 'Kindly Killer'". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 9 August 2018.

External links[edit]