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|District||Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar|
|Founded by||Baba Gola Ji|
|Elevation||237 m (778 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||PB 78|
|Sex ratio||52:48 ♂/♀|
Banga is a town and Municipal council in the Shahid Bhagat Singh Nagar district of Punjab, India. Banga is also one of the sub-division (tehsil) headquarters of the district. Banga located on Phagwara-Rupnagar section of National Highway 344A (Earlier State Highway 18 of Punjab). It is currently estimated to have a population of about 23,000 and is classified as a class 2 Municipality. The town also incorporates the former village of Jindowal apart from Banga town.
Banga is approximately 325 km from New Delhi, 100 km from the state capital Chandigarh, 104 km from Amritsar, 45 km from Jalandhar and 1400 km from Mumbai. It is in the northwest part of India; a few hundred kilometres south of Kashmir and to the west of the Himalayan foothills of Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. On a clear day, the snow-clad peaks of the Dhauladhar range are visible in the distant horizon. The Banga Railway station is located on the Jalandhar City/Jaijon Doaba Line of the Northern Railway at 13 km from Nawanshahr, 43 km from Jalandhar, and 45 km from Ludhiana. It is also linked by National Highway 344A with Nawanshahr and Phagwara Grand Trunk Road.
As of 2011 Indian Census, Banga had a total population of 20,906, of which 10,712 were males and 10,194 were females. Population within the age group of 0 to 6 years was 2,154. The total number of literates in Banga was 15,880, which constituted 75.9% of the population with male literacy of 78.7% and female literacy of 73.1%. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Banga was 84.7%, of which male literacy rate was 87.7% and female literacy rate was 81.5%. The Scheduled Castes population was 7,166. Banga had 4401 households in 2011.
As of 2001[update] India census, Banga had a population of 18,892 of which 9,810 were men and 9,082 were women. Banga has an average literacy rate of 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 79% of the males and 73% of females literate. 1,949 of the population was in the age range of 0-6 years.
In 1961, Banga's population was 10,212. It grew to 11,885 by 1971.
Banga is a tehsil with a post of deputy superintendent of police and a sub-divisional magistrate. It is headed by sub-divisional officer of PSPCL.[clarification needed] A large number of properties in the town and in the surrounding villages are owned by non-resident Indians who increase the population of the area on a seasonal basis.
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Banga was founded by Baba Gola Ji, a friend (otherwise known as a "gola" or golla) of Guru Gobind Singh. Baba Gola Ji's descendants are still alive and own land in the area. Baba Gola Ji cultivated the land and was told by Guru Gobind Singh that he would be given protection if needed from invading forces. He had three sons (Dall, Sagar, and Beg Singh) and a daughter whose descendants still reside in Banga.
Banga is divided into three quadrants named after Baba Gola Ji's sons, namely Patti Dall Singh Tungal gate, Patti Sagar gate and Patti Begh Singh Masanda gate. Banga area produced many freedom fighters, also, like Dalip Singh Gosal, S. Karam Singh, Master Kabul Singh Gobindpur as well as people like Jathedar Lachhman Singh 'Hakimpur' who spent many years of his young life in jails during the freedom struggle of India.
There is large network of bus service of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Himachal, PEPSU & private operators. The city has its own bus stand.
The Banga railway station is connected to mainly its own villages and also to neighbouring cities.
- Nawashahar (SBS Nagar)
- Jalandhar cantt
The nearly airports from the towns are
- Adampur Airport-AIP (45 km)
- Ludhiana Airport-LDH (71.9 km)
- Chandigarh Airport-IXC (106.7 km)
- Guru Ramdas International Airport, Amritsar-ATQ (139.7 km)
- Indra Gandi International Airport, Delhi-DEL (350.2 km)
- "Census of India: Banga". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 1 January 2020.
- "52nd REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER FOR LINGUISTIC MINORITIES IN INDIA" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.