Bangabandhu Bridge

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Bangabandhu Bridge
বঙ্গবন্ধু বহুমুখী সেতু
Bangabandhu Bridge (Jamuna Multi-purpose Bridge).jpg
Coordinates24°23′55″N 89°46′42″E / 24.39861°N 89.77833°E / 24.39861; 89.77833Coordinates: 24°23′55″N 89°46′42″E / 24.39861°N 89.77833°E / 24.39861; 89.77833
CrossesJamuna River
LocaleSirajganj and Tangail
Maintained byBangladesh Bridge Authority
Characteristics
DesignBox girder bridge
MaterialPrestressed concrete
Total length4.8 km [1]
Width18.5 m [2]
Longest span100 m
History
DesignerT. Y. Lin International [3]
Constructed byHyundai Engineering & Construction [3]
OpenedJune 1998

Bangabandhu Bridge, commonly called the Jamuna Multi-purpose Bridge (Bengali: যমুনা বহুমুখী সেতু Jomuna Bohumukhi Setu) and also called the Poongi bridge[4], is a bridge opened in Bangladesh in June 1998. It connects Bhuapur on the Jamuna River's east bank to Sirajganj on its west bank. It was the 11th longest bridge in the world when constructed in 1998[5] and currently[when?] is the 6th longest bridge in South Asia. The Jamuna River, which it spans, is one of the three major rivers of Bangladesh, and is fifth largest in the world in discharge volume.

History of construction[edit]

Jamuna Multi-purpose Bridge showing
8 rows of bolts for 4 rails

The river Jamuna (Brahmaputra), along with the lower stretch of the Padma (Ganges) divides Bangladesh into nearly two equal halves. Until now all road and rail communication between the two parts of the country has had to rely on time-consuming ferry services that were often disrupted because of navigability problems. The need for a bridge over the Jamuna River was felt, especially by the people living in northwestern Bangladesh, for a long time. This perceived need did not go unnoticed by the policy makers.

Jamuna Multipurpose Bridge was constructed by Hyundai Heavy Industries[citation needed] at a cost of $696 million.[6] The cost was shared by IDA, ADB, OECD, and the government of Bangladesh. Of the total, IDA, ADB and OECD supplied $200 million each through a loan with 1% nominal interest,[6] and the remaining $96 million was borne by Bangladesh.[6]

The main bridge is 5.63 kilometres (3.50 mi) long with 47 main spans of approximately 100 metres and two end spans of approximately 65 metres. Connected to the bridge are east and west approach viaducts each with 12 spans of 10 metre length and transition spans of 8 metres. The total width of the bridge deck is 18.5 metres.

The river crossing was designed to carry a dual two-lane carriageway, a dual gauge (broad and metre) railway, a high voltage (230 kV) electrical interconnector, telecommunication cables and a 750 mm diameter high pressure natural gas pipeline. The carriageways are 6.315 metres wide separated by a 0.57 metre width central barrier; the rail track is along the north side of the deck. On the main bridge, electrical interconnector pylons are positioned on brackets cantilevered from the north side of the deck. Telecommunication ducts run through the box girder deck and the gas pipeline is under the south cantilever of the box section. The bridge has been built by Hyundai Engineering and Construction (Korea) as a 'design and build' contract. TY Lin Assoc. of San Francisco carried out the design as a sub-contractor for Hyundai. The approach roads were constructed by Samwhan Corporation (Korea).

Specifications[edit]

South toll plaza, Bangabandhu Bridge


Sub-structure[edit]

The bridge is supported on tubular steel piles, driven into the river bed. Sand was removed from within the piles by airlifting and replaced with concrete. Out of the 50 piers, 21 piers are supported on groups of three piles (each of 2.5 m diameter) and 29 piers on groups of two piles (each of 3.15 diameter). The driving of 121 piles started on October 15, 1995 and was completed in July 1996.

The pier stems are founded on concrete pilecaps, whose shells were precast and infilled with in-situ reinforced concrete. The reinforced concrete pier stems support pierheads which contain bearings and seismic devices. These allow movement of the deck under normal loading conditions but lock in the event of an earthquake to limit overall seismic loads through the structure and minimise damage.

Superstructure[edit]

The main bridge deck is a multi-span precast prestressed concrete segmental structure, constructed by the balanced cantilever method. Each cantilever has 12 segments (each 4 m long), joined to a pierhead unit (2 m long) at each pier and by an in-situ stitch at mid span. The deck is internally prestressed and of single box section. The depth of the box varies between 6.5 metres at the piers to 3.25 metres at mid-span. An expansion joint is provided every 7 spans by means of a hinge segment at approximately quarter span. The segments were precast and erected using a two-span erection gantry.

Gauge[edit]

The Bangabandhu Bridge carries a dual broad and metre gauge railway track.[6] It also carries pylons for a powerline.

Litigation[edit]

Within a decade of inauguration, cracks were detected on the bridge prompting the authorities to impose limits on the number of vehicles allowed to cross at any given time. By early 2008, the government announced its intention to sue the South Korean conglomerate Hyundai for flawed design.[7]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Bangabandhu_Jamuna_Multipurpose_Bridge
  2. ^ http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Bangabandhu_Jamuna_Multipurpose_Bridge
  3. ^ a b "Bangabandhu Bridge". Structurae. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  4. ^ As a young captain in 1971 Bangladesh war, I gave Pakistan’s Lt-Gen the letter to surrender, My battalion in the Air Force, 2 PARA, was the first troops to enter ‘Dacca’ after Pakistan’s defeat., LT GEN NIRBHAY SHARMA (RETD), The Print, 11 December 2019.
  5. ^ "List of bridges by length".
  6. ^ a b c d Jenkins, Glenn; Shukla, G. P. (1997). "LINKING EAST AND WEST BANGLADESH: THE JAMUNA BRIDGE PROJECT" (PDF). The Canadian Journal of Program Evaluation (Special Issue): 121–145. Retrieved 6 October 2011.
  7. ^ [1]


External links[edit]