Bangalore South (Lok Sabha constituency)

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Bangalore South
Lok Sabha Constituency
IncumbentTejasvi Surya
Parliamentary PartyBJP
Elected Year2019 Election
Constituency Details
Established1992–present
StateKarnataka

Bangalore South Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 28 Lok Sabha (Parliamentary) constituencies in Karnataka state in southern India. Currently the seat is held by Tejasvi Surya of Bharatiya Janata Party who won against B. K. Hariprasad of Indian National Congress by a margin of 3,31,192 votes in the 2019 Indian general election.

Assembly segments[edit]

Bangalore South Constituencies.gif

At present, Bangalore South Lok Sabha constituency comprises the following 8 Legislative Assembly segments:

Constituency number Name Reserved for (SC/ST/None) District
166 Govindraj Nagar None Bangalore Urban
167 Vijay Nagar None Bangalore Urban
169 Chickpet None Bangalore Urban
170 Basavanagudi None Bangalore Urban
171 Padmanaba Nagar None Bangalore Urban
172 B. T. M. Layout None Bangalore Urban
173 Jayanagar None Bangalore Urban
175 Bommanahalli None Bangalore Urban

Members of Parliament[edit]

Mysore State[edit]

Bangalore South:

  • 1952:   T. Madiah Gowda, Indian National Congress

Bangalore:

Bangalore South Constituency[edit]

Year Member Party Votes Margin
1977 K. S. Hegde Janata Party 2,21,974 41,165
1980 T. R. Shamanna 1,98,390 Data Missing
1984 V. S. Krishna Iyer 2,64,765
1989 R. Gundu Rao Indian National Congress 4,13,574
1991 K. Venkatagiri Gowda Bharatiya Janata Party 2,75,083
1996 Ananth Kumar 2,51,235 21,968
1998 4,29,648 180,047
1999 4,10,161 66,054
2004 3,86,682 62,271
2009 4,37,953 37,612
2014 6,33,816 2,28,575
2019 Tejasvi Surya 7,39,229 3,31,192

History of the constituency[edit]

Post independence Bangalore south constituency used to come under Mysore state. Mysore state was a state within the Union of India from 1947 until 1956. T. Madiah Gowda, freedom fighter, a lawyer by profession won in 1st lok sabha election from Bangalore south constituency.

As a result of the States Reorganisation Act on 1 November 1956 few constituencies were added to Karnataka state and both Bangalore north and Bangalore south constituency were merged to make Bangalore constituency H.C Dasappa got elected from Bangalore constituency between 1957 to 1962. He also served as the Railway Minister of India under Jawaharlal Nehru in 1963-64. later former Chief Minister Kengal Hanumanthiah went on to win this constituency for three consecutive times.

Post Emergency and reorganization of constituencies across the country, this Lok Sabha seat came into existence as Bangalore South in 1977. Since then this constituency has gone to the polls 12 times. BJP has won 8 times, Janata Party 3 times and Congress just once. BJP leader Ananth Kumar[1] won 6 consecutive terms from this constituency.

In 1977, K S Hegde[2] (incidentally his son is the famous retired judge of Supreme Court, Santosh Hegde) [3] went onto win this seat against former Chief Minister Kengal Hanumanthiah (who was instrumental in building Vidhana Soudha). He was a former judge of the Supreme Court who resigned in the mid 70's when he and 2 other judges were superseded in the Supreme Court, apparently for their past judgments against the government of the day.[4] This was the only seat other than Hassan won by the Janata party in Karnataka. He went onto be the first non Congress Speaker of the Lok Sabha and was known for is disciplined and non-partisan tenure.[4]

In 1980, T. R. Shamanna,[5] freedom fighter, an educationist, 4 time MLA before, and better known as Cycle Shamanna won the seat by Janata Party in that election. This was the only parliamentary seat won by Janata Party in Karnataka in that election.[6] In this elections of 1980, Congress came back to power at the center with Indira Gandhi back at the helm.

In 1984, V. S. Krishna Iyer won the elections. The elections were necessitated due to the murder of Indira Gandhi sitting Prime Minister. Rajiv Gandhi called for elections and Congress went onto win a landslide. V. S. Krishna Iyer,[7] a Gandhian, Congressman who later joined Congress (O) and then Janata. He was an ex Mayor of Bangalore and was responsible for sanctioning the Cauvery water supply scheme for Bangalore city. He was instrumental in founding of Yuvakasangha along with Gandhian V Annaiah in 1946 in Bangalore which popularized free tuition classes for 10th standard students apart from B.Com students.[8]

1989 elections saw the Congress winning the seat for the first time with former Karnataka Chief Minister R. Gundu Rao [9] winning the elections defeating V. S. Krishna Iyer. This is the only time that Congress has worn the elections in this constituency.

1991 elections were necessitated when the Chandra Shekhar led government fell and elections were called. BJP fielded noted economist K Venkatagiri Gowda.[10] He defeated the incumbent MP R. Gundu Rao and thus BJP won the elections for the 1st time in Bangalore South. BJP won 4 seats in this elections from Karnataka.

In 1996, BJP fielded an young candidate Ananth Kumar [11] who went onto win the elections against Varalakshmi Gundu Rao, wife of R Gundu Rao.[1] He went onto win 5 consecutive elections. Interestingly all his nearest opponents were different candidates but were all from Congress. Till the rise of Ananth Kumar the seat was won by legal luminaries, freedom fighters, Chief Minister and senior Economists. Ananth Kumar went onto become one of the most powerful and influential politicians from Karnataka. He went onto serve both the Vajpayee government and the Modi government in multiple capacities. He succumbed to cancer in 2018 during the course of the 16th Lok Sabha.[1]

In 2019, BJP was forced to field a new face due to the untimely death of sitting MP Ananth Kumar. Tejasvi Surya [12] went onto win with over 3.3 lakh votes and become one of the youngest MPs at a age of 29, in the 17th Lok Sabha.

Election results[edit]

General Election 1998[edit]

1998 Indian general election: Bangalore South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Ananth Kumar 4,29,648 53.83
INC D. P. Sharma 2,49,601 31.27
JD V. Somanna 1,10,323 13.82
Samata Party B. S. Rajput 2,688 0.34
Independent G. H. Paksha Rangaswamy 1,649 0.21
Majority 1,80,047 22.56
Turnout 7,98,135 57.09
BJP hold Swing

General Election 1999[edit]

1999 Indian general election: Bangalore South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Ananth Kumar 4,10,161 50.99
INC B. K. Hariprasad 3,44,107 42.78
JD(S) B. T. Parthasarathy 22,801 2.83
AIADMK D. Arumugam 11,643 1.45
Independent Dr. B. R. Manjunath 11,636 1.45
Majority 66,054 8.21
Turnout 8,04,342 54.08
BJP hold Swing

General Election 2004[edit]

2004 Indian general election: Bangalore South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Ananth Kumar 3,86,682 48.30
INC M. Krishnappa 3,24,411 40.52
JD(S) Jayanthi 77,551 9.69
Independent S. V. Srinivasa Rao 5,012 0.63
Independent G. H. Paksha Rangaswamy 3,304 0.41
Majority 62,271 7.78
Turnout 8,00,649 49.41
BJP hold Swing

General Election 2009[edit]

2009 Indian general election: Bangalore South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Ananth Kumar 4,37,953 48.20
INC Krishna Byre Gowda 4,00,341 44.06
JD(S) Prof. K. E. Radhakrishna 30,045 3.31
Independent Capt. G. R. Gopinath 16,383 1.80
BSP S. Naheeda Salma 4,621 0.51
Majority 37,612 4.14
Turnout 9,09,065 44.76
BJP hold Swing

General Election 2014[edit]

2014 Indian general election: Bangalore South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Ananth Kumar 6,33,816 56.88 +8.68
INC Nandan Nilekani 4,05,241 36.37 -7.69
JD(S) Ruth Manorama 25,677 2.30 -1.01
AAP Nina Nayak 21,403 1.92 N/A
Independent Pramod Muthalik 4,247 0.38 N/A
NOTA None of the Above 7,414 0.67 N/A
Majority 2,28,575 20.51 +16.37
Turnout 11,14,359 55.75 +10.98
BJP hold Swing +8.68

General Election 2019[edit]

2019 Indian general elections: Bangalore South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
BJP Tejasvi Surya 7,39,229 62.20 +5.32
INC B. K. Hariprasad 4,08,037 34.33
NOTA None of the Above 9,938 0.84
UPP Ahoratra Nitesh Polepalli 6,136 0.52
Majority 3,31,192 27.87
Turnout 11,89,657 53.70
BJP hold Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Swamy, Rohini. "Ananth Kumar, a skillful administrator and a political heavyweight". print.in. Archived from the original on 4 May 2019. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  2. ^ "A short biography of K.S.Hegde". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  3. ^ "Men from Judiciary Try Their Luck in Politics". www.newindianexpress.com. newindianexpress. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Tribute to K S Hegde". google.co.in. indianexpress. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.}
  5. ^ "A short biography of T. R. Shamanna". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  6. ^ "Cycle Shamanna Was as Simple as Gandhiji". www.newindianexpress.com. New Indian Express. Archived from the original (html) on 25 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  7. ^ "A short biography of V. S. Krishna Iyer". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  8. ^ "V Annaiah passes away". www.thehindu.com. hindu. Archived from the original on 16 June 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  9. ^ "A short biography of R. Gundu Rao". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  10. ^ "A short biography of K Venkatagiri Gowda". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  11. ^ "A short biography of H N Ananth Kumar". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.
  12. ^ "A short biography of Tejasvi Surya". loksabhaph.nic.in. loksabha. Archived from the original on 15 May 2020. Retrieved 15 May 2020.

External links[edit]