Bangaon (community development block)
বনগাঁ সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|Community development block|
|District||North 24 Parganas|
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||336.70 km2 (130.00 sq mi)|
|Elevation||11 m (36 ft)|
|• Density||1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|• Total literates||273,967 (79.71%)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bangaon|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bangaon Uttar, Bangaon Dakshin, Bagda|
Bangaon (also spelled as Bongaon) is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Bangaon subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Bangaon police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Bangaon. It is located 59 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.
Chawberia, a constituent panchayat of Bangaon block, is located at.
Bangaon CD Block is bounded by Bagdah CD Block in the north, Sharsha Upazila in Jessore District of Bangladesh in the east, Gaighata and Habra I CD Blocks in the south, and Haringhata and Chakdaha CD Blocks in Nadia district in the west.
Bangaon CD Block has an area of 336.70 km2.
North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans. Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.
Gram panchayats of Bangaon block/ panchayat samiti are: Akaipur, Chhaighoria, Gangrapota, Kalupur, Bairampur, Dharam Pukuria, Ghatbour, Palla, Chawberia I, Dighari, Gopalnagar I, Sundarpur, Chawberia II, Ganganandapur, Gopalnagar II and Tengra.
As per 2011 Census of India Bongaon CD Block had a total population of 380,903, all of which were rural. There were 196,487 (52%) males and 184,416 (48%) females. Population below 6 years was 37,209. Scheduled Castes numbered 177,503 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 13,765.
As per 2001 census, Bangaon block has a total population of 343,974 out of which 177,515 were males and 166,459 were females. Bangaon block registered a population growth of 16.83 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages in Bangaon CD Block were (2011 census figures in brackets): Nakful (4,499), Sabhaipur (4,032), Panchita (5,148), Bharatpur (4,400), Kundipur (4,760), Krishnachandrapur (4,901), Bangangram (6,144), Arsingri (4,511), Tengra (4,226), Bhasanpota (4,376), Manigram (5,306), Paikpara (6,397), Chhayagharia (10,891), Kalupur (10,413), Purana Bangaon (8,265), Kamdebpur (4,011), Barakpur (6,945), Khamarkalla (12,645), Kansona (7,334), Santoshpur (4,168), Sanakpur (4,057), Palla (5,058), Dighari (4,241), Chauberia (8,039) and Ichhlampur (6,886).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Bongaon CD Block was 273,967 (79.71% of the population over 6 years) out of which 149,598 (55%) were males and 124,369 (45%) were females.
As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks). Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
North 24 Parganas district
|Barasat Sadar subdivision|
|Amdanga – 80.69%|
|Deganga – 79.65%|
|Barasat I – 81.50%|
|Barasat II – 77.71%|
|Habra I – 83.15%|
|Habra II – 81.05%|
|Rajarhat – 83.13%|
|Baduria – 78.75%|
|Basirhat I – 72.10%|
|Basirhat II – 78.30%|
|Haroa – 73.13%|
|Hasnabad – 71.47%|
|Hingalganj – 76.85%|
|Minakhan – 71.33%|
|Sandeshkhali I – 71.08%|
|Sandeshkhali II – 70.96%|
|Swarupnagar – 77.57%|
|Bagdah – 75.30%|
|Bangaon – 79.71%|
|Gaighata – 82.32%|
|Barrackpore I – 85.91%|
|Barrackpore II – 84.53%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 100,755 and formed 50.17% of the population in Bangaon CD Block. Muslims numbered 100,338 and formed 48.47% of the population. Others numbered 12,810 and formed 2.36% of the population.
In 1981 Hindus numbered 82,693 and formed 79.7% of the population and Muslims numbered 45,845 and formed 20.09% of the population. In 1991 Hindus numbered 235,538 and formed 80.00% of the population and Muslims numbered 58,119 and formed 19.74% of the population in Bangaon CD Block. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)
In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 3,52,769 and formed53.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed25
Human Development Report
According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.
Bangaon CD Block had a population density of 1,022 persons per km2. It was ranked 18 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 70.74%, ranking of 9. Male literacy rate was 77.79% and female literacy rate was 63.19%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Bangaon CD Block was cultivators 31.45, agricultural labourers 30.52, household industry workers 4.16 and other workers 33.88 (non-agricultural, non-household). 27.70% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.
In the Bangaon CD Block 22 villages had secondary schools and for 82.55% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Bangaon had 19 high schools with 13,312 students and 235 teachers. It had 17 higher secondary schools with 26,729 students and 446 teachers.
In Bangaon, 81.88% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 76.51% villages had paved approach roads, 91.95% villages had primary schools, 11.41% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 99.33% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Bangaon CD Block, 69 villages had tube wells for drinking water, 78 villages had tap water and 1 village had hand pump and one village none. Bangaon CD Block had 105.4 km surfaced roads and 725 km unsurfaced roads.
North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Bangaon there were 988 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were tailoring, poultry, animal husbandry, wool knitting, nursing and attendant service. Bangaon CD Block had 4 health centres and 55 sub-centres.
in CD Blocks of
North 24 Parganas district
|Barasat Sadar subdivision|
|Amdanga – 33.05%|
|Deganga – 14.29%|
|Barasat I – 18.46%|
|Barasat II – 23.12%|
|Habra I – 34.81%|
|Habra II – 31.75%|
|Rajarhat – 22.60%|
|Baduria – 40.74%|
|Basirhat I – 34.78%|
|Basirhat II – 17.61%|
|Haroa – 33.73%|
|Hasnabad – 28.69%|
|Hingalganj – 44.50%|
|Minakhan – 38.42%|
|Sandeshkhali I – 58.29%|
|Sandeshkhali II – 59.70%|
|Swarupnagar – 27.21%|
|Bagdah – 14.56%|
|Bangaon – 27.70%|
|Gaighata – 22.71%|
|Barrackpore I – 8.63%|
|Barrackpore II – 30.12%|
District Human Development Report:
North 24 Parganas, 2010, page 259
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