Bangka-Belitung Islands

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Bangka-Belitung Islands Province
Provinsi Kepulauan Bangka Belitung
Tanjung Pesona, Bangka Island
Tanjung Pesona, Bangka Island
Flag of Bangka-Belitung Islands Province
Official seal of Bangka-Belitung Islands Province
Motto: Serumpun Sebalai (Malay)
(The same root, the same place)
Location of Bangka-Belitung in Indonesia
Location of Bangka-Belitung in Indonesia
Coordinates: 2°8′S 106°7′E / 2.133°S 106.117°E / -2.133; 106.117Coordinates: 2°8′S 106°7′E / 2.133°S 106.117°E / -2.133; 106.117
Country Indonesia
Capital Pangkal Pinang
 • Governor Rustam Effendi
 • Vice Governor Hidayat Arsani
 • Total 16,424.14 km2 (6,341.40 sq mi)
Population [1]
 • Total 1,223,048
 • Density 74/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Ethnic groups Malays (60%), Chinese (Mostly Hakka) (24%), Javanese (4%), Buginese (3%), Madurese (1%), Sundanese (1%)
 • Religion Muslim (72%), Buddhist (9.24%), Confucianism (5.25%), Protestantism (3.8%), Roman Catholicism (1.2%), Hindu (0.09%)[2]
 • Languages Indonesian, Malay, Hakka (A variety of Chinese)
Time zone WIB (UTC+7)

The Bangka-Belitung Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Bangka Belitung) or (Chinese: 邦加-勿里洞省) is a province of Indonesia, previously a part of South Sumatra Province. Lying off Sumatra, the province comprises two main islands, Bangka and Belitung, and several smaller ones. In 2010 its population was 1,223,048.[1] The capital is Pangkal Pinang.

The Bangka Strait separates Sumatra and Bangka, and the Gaspar Strait separates Bangka and Belitung. The South China Sea is to the north, the Java Sea is to the south, and the province is separated from Borneo in the east by the Karimata Strait.


The first Chinese (Mostly Hakka people) workers who came to Indonesia were mainly men. They began assimilating with local people and intermarriages followed, residents coexisting peacefully in spite of differences in religion and ethnicity. When anti-Chinese riots occurred in some parts of Indonesia in 1998 at the end of the Soeharto regime, local people and those of Chinese descent lived peacefully in the Bangka Belitung province.[3]

The province was formerly part of South Sumatra, but became a separate province along with Banten and Gorontalo in 2000.


These islands are the largest producer of tin in Indonesia. White pepper is also produced.


According to the Indonesian Health Department, Bangka-Belitung is highly malarious area, with an annual malaria incidence rate of 29.3/1000 population.[4]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Bangka-Belitung is divided into six regencies and one city, below with their (provisional) populations at the 2010 Census and at the most recent (January 2014) estimates.

Name Area
Estimate 2005
Census 2010
2014 Estimate
Pangkal Pinang City 118.80 145,945 174,838 159,689 Pangkal Pinang
Bangka Regency 2,950.69 246,579 277,193 312,886 Sungailiat
Central Bangka Regency (Bangka Tengah) 2,126.36 133,380 161,075 152,645 Koba
South Bangka Regency (Bangka Selatan) 3,607.08 148,912 172,476 164,867 Toboali
West Bangka Regency (Bangka Barat) 2,820.61 147,855 175,110 164,555 Muntok
Total Bangka 11,623.54 822,671 960,692 954,642
Belitung Regency 2,293.69 132,777 155,925 176,041 Tanjung Pandan
East Belitung Regency (Belitung Timur) 2,506.91 87,380 106,432 95,827 Manggar
Total Belitung 4,800.60 220,157 262,357 271,868


Bangka-Belitung Islands have many beaches and several small islands. Some beaches are famous for their natural attractiveness with blue sea waters, variety of coral reefs, white sand, and giant granite rock formations. Thus, Bangka-Belitung beaches have attracted tourists from around the world. The most well known beaches in Bangka Island are Pasir Padi, Matras, Parai Tenggiri, Tanjung Pesona, Rambak, Teluk Limau, Teluk Uber, Tanjung Penyusuk,Tanjung Kalian, and Tanjung Kerasak.[5]

Whereas Belitung Island beaches are Tanjung Kiras, Tanjung Pendam, Tanjung Tinggi, Tanjung Kelayang Beach, Tanjung Binga, Panyaeran Beach, Tanjung Kubu, Teluk Gembira, and Tanjung Ru Beach. Most of the beaches in Belitung features the sites for diving, scuba, snorkeling, fishing and sailing.[6]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
2000 900,197 —    
2010 1,223,296 +35.9%
Source: Statistics Indonesia 2010


Further reading[edit]

  • Somers Heidhues, Mary F.(1992)Bangka tin and Mentok pepper : Chinese settlement on an Indonesian island Singapore : Social Isuues in Southeast Asia, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 981-3035-99-4