Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region

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Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region
BKK masstransit map 2016-01.png
Opened transit lines map in 2016
Overview
Owner BMA, MRTA, and SRT
Locale Bangkok Metropolitan Region
Transit type Heavy rail, light rail, monorail, and commuter rail
Number of lines 6
Number of stations 93* out of planned 310*
*if transfer stations are counted as one
Daily ridership 884,000
Operation
Began operation December 5, 1999
Operator(s) BTS, BEM, and SRT
Technical
System length Current: 111.14 km (69.06 mi)
Plan: 538.99 km (334.91 mi)
Electrification Overhead line and Third rail
Top speed MRT: 80 km/h (50 mph)
Commuter: 160 km/h (99 mph)

The Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region or M-Map is the latest version in a series of Thai government plans for the development of an urban rail transit network serving the Greater Bangkok area. It was drafted under the care of the Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning (OTP) of the Ministry of Transport.

Early versions[edit]

Mass Rapid Transit Systems Master Plan (MTMP)[edit]

The first version of the plan, endorsed by the cabinet on 27 September 1994 and to be implemented from 1995 to 2011, consisted of an extension of 135 kilometres (84 mi) to the three systems already in progress (the MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom lines of the BTS Skytrain and the Bangkok Elevated Road and Train System (BERTS)), which would have had a combined length of 103 kilometres (64 mi).[1]

Urban Rail Transportation Master Plan in Bangkok and Surrounding Areas (URMAP)[edit]

Following the 1997 Asian Financial Crisis and the cancellation of the BERTS, a system totalling 375 kilometres (233 mi) to begin in 2001 was proposed, to be developed in three stages: 141.9 kilometres (88.2 mi) during 2001–11, 158.2 kilometres (98.3 mi) during 2012–21 and 75.3 kilometres (46.8 mi) from 2022 onwards.[1]

Bangkok Mass Transit Master Plan (BMT)[edit]

Due to the slow progress of development following URMAP, a new plan was drafted consisting of 475.05 kilometres (295.18 mi) of rail in addition to the then-completed MRT Blue Line, the Sukhumvit and Silom BTS lines, the MRT purple line, and the Airport Rail Link to undergo rapid development during 2010–29. The plan was approved by the cabinet in 2016, and consisted of the following extensions:

  • Light Green Line: North-South extension of the BTS to Saphan Mai and Kheha Samut Parkran
  • Dark Green Line: West extension of the BTS to Yot Se and Bang Wa
  • Blue Line: Extension of the MRT Blue Line to complete a quasi circle line with a branch to Lak Song
  • Purple Line: South extension to Rat Burana is under study
  • Orange Line: Running east–west Min Buri to Bang Khun Non
  • Dark Red Line: Running north–southwest from Rangsit to Bang Sue to Maha Chai
  • Light Red Line: running east-west from Hua Mak to Taling Chan
  • Airport Rail Link: North extension to Don Mueang


M-Map[edit]

The current plan was endorsed by the Commission for the Management of Land Traffic, chaired by then-Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva, on 8 February 2010.[2] It designates eight primary routes, consisting of two commuter rail lines, an airport rail link, and five rapid transit lines, as well as four feeder lines. The routes, totalling 555.74 kilometres (345.32 mi), are to be constructed within a development period of twenty years (2010–29). They are:[3]

Primary lines
Commuter  SRT  SRT Dark Red Line Thammasat – Rangsit - Bang Sue - Hua Lamphong - Bang Bon - Maha Chai
 SRT  SRT Light Red Line Sala Ya – Taling Chan – Thonburi-Siriraj, Hua Mak
Airport rail link ARLbangkok.svg  ARL  Airport Rail Link and extension Suvarnabhumi Airport - Phaya Thai – Bang Sue – Don Mueang
Rapid transit  BTS  Light Green Line, extension of the BTS Sukhumvit Line East Outer Ring Road – Khu Khot - Saphan Mai – Mo Chit – On Nut – Bearing – Kheha Samut Prakan – Bang Pu
 BTS  Dark Green Line, extension of the BTS Silom Line Yot Se – Saphan Taksin – Bang Wa - Taling Chan
 MRT  Blue Line, extension of the MRT Blue Line Bang Sue, Hua Lamphong - Tha Phra – Lak Song – Phutthamonthon Sai 4
 MRT  Purple Line Khlong Bang Phai – Tao Poon - Rat Burana
 MRT  Orange Line Bang Khun Non – Thailand Cultural Centre - Min Buri
Feeder lines
Monorail    Pink Line Nonthaburi Civic Center – Min Buri
   Yellow Line Lat Phrao – Samrong
 MRT  Brown Line Nonthaburi Civic Center – Summakorn
 BMA  Grey Line Watcharaphon – Rama IX Bridge
 BMA  Light Blue Line Pracha Songkhro – Chong Nonsi
AGT  BMA  Gold Line Krung Thonburi – Memorial Bridge

Development is divided into three stages, in addition to those lines already open or under construction:[4]

Overview as of June 2017
In service 111.14 kilometres (69.06 mi) 20.62%
Under construction 181.34 kilometres (112.68 mi) 33.64%
Future plan 246.51 kilometres (153.17 mi) 45.74%
Total Planned 538.99 kilometres (334.91 mi) 100.00%

Under construction[edit]

Line System Operator Stations Length Terminus Under construction since Predicted operation
  Blue Line Rapid transit MRT 1 1.15 km (0.71 mi) Bang SueTao Poon'[5] 2011 11 August 2017[5]
21 26.2 km (16.3 mi) Hua LamphongLak Song
Tao PoonTha Phra
2019
  Orange Line 17 22.57 km (14.02 mi)[6] Thailand Cultural Centre ↔ Suwintawong 2017 2023
  Sukhumvit Line BTS 9 10.38 km (6.45 mi) SamrongKheha Samut Prakan 2013 June 2017 [7]
16 19 km (12 mi) Mo ChitKhu Khot 2015 2020
  Dark Red Line Commuter rail SRTET 6[8] 22.48 km (13.97 mi) RangsitBang Sue 2013
  Light Red Line 18[8] 14.66 km (9.11 mi)[8] Taling ChanBang Sue 2009[8]
  Pink Line Monorail NBM 30 34.5 km (21.4 mi)[9] Nonthaburi Civic Center ↔ Min Buri 2020
  Yellow Line EBM 23 30.4 km (18.9 mi)[9] Lat Phrao ↔ Samrong
Total
(as of 16 June 2017)
181.34 km (112.68 mi)

Future[edit]

Line System Operator Stations
to be added
Projected Operation Length Terminus
  Sukhumvit Line Rapid transit BTS 4 n/a est. 6.5 km (4.0 mi) Khu KhotEastern Outer Ring
  Sukhumvit Line Rapid transit BTS n/a est. 9.50 km (5.90 mi) Kheha Samut PrakanBang Pu
  Silom Line Rapid transit BTS 6 n/a est. 7.50 km (4.66 mi) Bang WaTaling Chan
  Silom Line Rapid transit BTS 1 n/a est. 1.0 km (0.62 mi) National StadiumYot Se
  Blue Line Rapid transit MRT 4 n/a 8.0 km (5.0 mi) Lak SongPhutthamonthon Sai 4
  Purple Line Rapid transit MRT 15 n/a 23.60 km (14.66 mi) Tao PoonRat Burana
  Dark Red Line (phase II) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 8 2022 6.05 km (3.76 mi) Bang Sue ↔ Hua Lamphong
  Dark Red Line (phase III) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 4 2022 8.75 km (5.44 mi) Thammasat ↔ Rangsit
  Dark Red Line (phase IV) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 8 n/a 13.18 km (8.19 mi) Hua Lamphong ↔ Bang Bon
  Dark Red Line (phase V) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 9 n/a est. 21.00 km (13.05 mi) Bang Bon ↔ Maha Chai
  Light Red Line (phase II) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 5 2022 18.80 km (11.68 mi) Bang Sue ↔ Hua Mak
  Light Red Line (phase III) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 4 n/a 12.98 km (8.07 mi) Taling ChanSala Ya
  Light Red Line (reconsidering) Commuter rail SRT Red Lines 3 n/a 5.38 km (3.34 mi) Taling ChanThonburi-Siriraj
  Airport Rail Link (phase II) Airport rail link SRTET 2 2022 6.68 km (4.15 mi) Bang SuePhaya Thai
  Airport Rail Link (reconsidering) Airport rail link SRTET 1 n/a 15.40 km (9.57 mi) Don Mueang ↔ Bang Sue
  Grey Line Monorail BMA 21 2029 est. 26.0 km (16.2 mi) Vatcharapol ↔ Rama 9 Bridge
  Gold Line Monorail BMA 4 n/a 2.7 km (1.7 mi) Krung Thonburi ↔ Memorial Bridge
Bangna-Suvarnabhumi Monorail BMA 12 n/a est. 18.0 km (11.2 mi) Udom SukSuvarnabhumi / Wat Si Wari Noi
  MRT Brown Line Monorail MRTA 21 2021 est. 22.0 km (13.7 mi) Nonthaburi Civic CenterSammakon

Electric multiple units[edit]

Line Class Manufacturers Manufactured in
  Sukhumvit Line

  Silom Line

Siemens Modular Metro Siemens Mobility  Austria
Siemens Inspiro  Turkey
Bombardier Movia Changchun Railway Vehicles  China
  Blue Line Siemens Modular Metro Siemens Mobility  Austria
  Airport Rail Link Siemens Desiro Class 360 Siemens Mobility  Germany
  Purple Line J-TREC Sustina Japan Transport Engineering Company  Japan
  Red Lines Hitachi Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
  Pink Line

  Yellow Line

Bombardier Innovia Monorail 300 Bombardier Transportation

CRRC Nanjing Puzhen

 China
  Gold Line Bombardier Innovia APM 300

Ticketing and fare rates[edit]

MRT blue line[edit]

There are many types of stored value cards separated by passengers’ age. Elder card is for over 65 years olds and provides 50% discount from the full fare. Student card is for under 23 years olds and provides 10% discount from the full fare. Child card is for under 14 years olds and under 120 cm tall and provides 50% discount from the full fare.  Adult card is for everyone doesn’t provide any discount from the full fare.

The fare rates are counted by the number of stations, starting from 16 Baht for a station, increasing by 2-3 Baht for each station up to 42 Baht for 17 stations.[10]

MRT purple line[edit]

Use the stored value cards as MRT blue line. The fare rates start from 15 Baht for a station, increasing 1 Bath for each station up to 29 Baht for 15 stations.[11]

For the passengers that don’t have cards, the fare rates start from 17 Baht for a station, increasing 2-3 Baht for each station, then reach the maximum values at 42 Baht for 11 stations.[12]

Airport Rail Link (ARL)[edit]

For the city line, the fare rates start from 15 Baht for a station, increase 5 Baht for each station up to 45 Baht for 7 stations.[13]

BTS[edit]

BTS has its own stored value cards called “Rabbit card”. There are 3 types of Rabbit card: adult, student, and senior, with 100 Baht initial stored value.[14]

The fare rates for BTS are quite complicated. Passengers can calculate their fare by using the BTS web service

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b เส้นทางปรับแผนรถไฟฟ้า. Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Hoonsara, Samatcha; Jeerawan Prasomsap (9 February 2010). "Commission approves new Skytrain routes". The Nation. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  3. ^ "แผนแม่บทระบบขนส่งมวลชนทางรางในเขตกรุงเทพฯและปริมณฑล พ.ศ.2553-2572 (Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  4. ^ ความก้าวหน้าโครงการ. Mass Rapid Transit Master Plan in Bangkok Metropolitan Region website (in Thai). Office of Transport and Traffic Policy and Planning. Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b ""เปิดแล้ว สิงหานี้ จากสถานีบางซื่อ ถึง สถานีเตาปูน"". โพสต์ทูเดย์. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 22 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "Six contracts signed for construction of B79.2bn Orange Line". Bangkok Post. 9 February 2017. 
  7. ^ http://englishnews.thaipbs.or.th/green-line-extension-samut-prakarn-soi-bearing-now-complete/
  8. ^ a b c d http://www.ryt9.com/s/iq03/2471718
  9. ^ a b เซ็นแล้ว! โมโนเรลไทย2สายแรก 9.2 หมื่นล้านใช้ระบบบอมบาดิเอร์ "สมคิด" ชม"คีรี"นักรบเศรษฐกิจ ประชาชาติธุรกิจ. 16 June 2017
  10. ^ "Bangkok Expressway and Metro Public Company Limited". www.bangkokmetro.co.th. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  11. ^ "Bangkok Expressway and Metro Public Company Limited". www.bangkokmetro.co.th. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  12. ^ "เอาตารางราคา ค่าโดยสารรถไฟฟ้าสายสีม่วงมาให้ดูครับ (จากแผ่นพับ)". Pantip (in Thai). Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  13. ^ Rotfaithai.Com. "Rotfaithai.Com Forums-viewtopic-แอร์พอร์ต เรล ลิงค์เตรียมให้บริการระบบเช็คอินและขนส่งสัมภาระแล้ว". portal.rotfaithai.com. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  14. ^ "About Rabbit Card". Rabbit. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 

External links[edit]