Bangkok Metropolitan Administration

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Bangkok City Hall, BMA headquarters

The Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (Thai: กรุงเทพมหานคร; rtgsKrung Thep Maha Nakhon) is the name given to the local government of Bangkok (also called Krung Thep Maha Nakhon in Thai), which includes the capital of the Kingdom of Thailand. The government is composed of two branches: the executive (or the Governor of Bangkok) and the legislative (or Bangkok Metropolitan Council). The administration's roles are to formulate and implement policies regarding the management of Bangkok. These include: transport services, urban planning, waste management, housing, roads and highways, security services, and the environment.[1]

According to the Thailand Future Foundation, Bangkok employs a workforce of 97,000, including 3,200 municipal officers in Bangkok city, 200 in the city Law Enforcement Department, and 3,000 in district offices.[2][3]

Governor of Bangkok[edit]

Governor of Bangkok
Seal Bangkok Metropolitan Admin (green).svg
Seal of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration
Sukhumbhand Paribatra01.jpg
Mom Rajawongse Sukhumbhand Paribatra

since 11 January 2009
Term length 4 years renewable once
Inaugural holder Chamnan Yaovabun
Formation 1973

The Governor of Bangkok (Thai: ผู้ว่าราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร) is the head of the local government of Bangkok. The governor is also the chief executive of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration (BMA). The governor is elected to a renewable term of four years, currently it is one of the two directly elected executive offices in the kingdom. The office is comparable to that of a city mayor.

The current incumbent is Sukhumbhand Paribatra of the Democrat Party. He was elected in a by-election on 11 January 2009 to replace Apirak Kosayothin, who resigned after being indicted for corruption.

Powers and roles[edit]

The powers and role of the office of Governor of Bangkok in accordance with the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Act, BE 2528 (1985) (Thai: พระราชบัญญัติระเบียบบริหารราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร พ.ศ. 2528, literally Bangkok Metropolis Administrative Organisation Act, BE 2528 (1985)) are as follows:

  • Formulate and implement policies for the Bangkok Metropolitan Area.
  • Head the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration.
  • Appoint and remove deputy governors, advisors, board members, city officials, and public servants.
  • Coordinate and carry out the orders of the Cabinet of Thailand, the Prime Minister of Thailand, and the Ministry of Interior.
  • Oversee the smooth running of the various agencies and services of the city.
  • The Governor is also invested with the same powers as any other governor of a province of Thailand and any other mayor.
  • The power to draw up legislation and bills for the city, to be considered in the Bangkok Metropolitan Council.


Since 1973 the city was administered by a single executive appointed by the cabinet from city civil servants. However soon it was determined that the executive office should a popularly elected office instead. The passage of the Bangkok Metropolis Administrative Organisation Act, BE 2518 (1975) (Thai: พระราชบัญญัติระเบียบบริหารราชการกรุงเทพมหานคร พ.ศ. 2518), created the Bangkok Metropolis to replace Bangkok Province and created an elected governor with a 4-year term.

The first election for the office was held on the 10 August 1975. Thamnoon Thien-ngern was elected the first elected Governor of Bangkok. Conflicts between the governor and the Bangkok Metropolitan Council, however, became so fierce that Tanin Kraivixien, the Prime Minister of Thailand decided to remove him and reinstated the appointment system. Elections resumed with the passing of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration Act, BE 2528 (1985). The elections were held on 14 November 1985.

List of governors[edit]

No. Name Term Start Term Ends Political Party
1 Chamnan Yaovabun 1 January 1973 22 October 1973 (Appointed)
2 At Visutyothaphiban 1 November 1973 4 June 1974 (Appointed)
3 Siri Santabutra 5 June 1974 9 March 1975 (Appointed)
4 Sai Hutacharoen 5 May 1975 9 August 1975 (Appointed)
5 Thammanoon Thien-ngern 10 August 1975 29 April 1977 Democrat Party
6 Chalor Thammasiri 29 April 1977 14 May 1979 (Appointed)
7 Chaowat Sudlapa 4 July 1979 16 April 1981 (Appointed)
8 Admiral Thiem Mokaranont 28 April 1981 1 November 1984 (Appointed)
9 Asa Meksavan 6 November 1984 13 November 1985 (Appointed)
10 Maj-Gen Chamlong Srimuang 14 November 1985 14 November 1989 Ruam Phalang Group
7 January 1990 22 January 1992 Palang Dharma Party
11 Captain Kritsada Arunwong na Ayutthaya 19 April 1992 18 April 1996 Independent
12 Bhichit Rattakul 3 June 1996 22 July 2000 Independent
13 Samak Sundaravej 23 July 2000 28 August 2004 Thai Citizens Party
14 Apirak Kosayothin 29 August 2004 28 August 2008 Democrat Party
5 October 2008 19 November 2008
15 Mom Rajawongse Sukhumbhand Paribatra 11 January 2009 9 January 2013 Democrat Party
3 March 2013 Present
  • Unless otherwise indicated, they were elected.

Bangkok Metropolitan Council[edit]

Bangkok Metropolitan Council
Sapha Krung Thep Maha Nakhon
Coat of arms or logo
Chairman of the Council
Thawatchai Piyanonthaya
Since 23 July 2006
Seats 57 members
Last election
23 July 2006
Meeting place
Bangkok City Hall

The Bangkok Metropolitan Council or BMC (Thai: สภากรุงเทพมหานคร) is the legislative branch of the administration. It is vested with primary legislative powers as well as the power to scrutinize and advise the governor. The council is headed by the Chairman of the Bangkok Metropolitan Council (Thai: ประธานสภากรุงเทพมหานคร). The current Chairman is Thawatchai Piyanonthaya since 2006.

The council is made up of 57 members elected from 57 constituencies (some constituencies elect more than one member) in Bangkok. They are elected to a four-year term. The last election was held on 30 April 2006.


The Council is divided into 11 general committees with 5-9 members appointed by the councillors themselves:

  1. Committee of Cleanliness and Environment
  2. Committee for Checking the Minutes of Sittings and for Considering Closure of the Minutes of the Secret Sittings
  3. Committee for the Affairs of the Bangkok Metropolitan Council
  4. Committee for the Public Works and Utilities
  5. Committee for Education and Culture
  6. Committee for Health
  7. Committee for Community Development and Social Welfare
  8. Committee for Local Administration and Orderliness
  9. Committee for Economics, Finance, and Follow-up of Budget Utilization
  10. Committee for Tourism and Sports
  11. Committee for Traffic, Transportation, and Drainage

Secretariat of the council[edit]

The Secretariat of the Bangkok Metropolitan Council (Thai: สำนักงานเลขานุการสภากรุงเทพมหานคร) is the executive agency of the council. The secretariat helps the council in all its roles including drafting of legislation, organisation of sessions, minutes and procedures of the council. The secretariat also helps members of the council by providing research and legal counsel. The secretariat is headed by the Secretary of the Bangkok Metropolitan Council (Thai: เลขานุการสภากรุงเทพมหานคร) The current Secretary is Manit Tej-Apichok. The secretariat itself is divided into nine sections:

  1. General Administration Section
  2. Council and Committee Meetings Section
  3. Working Committees Section
  4. Legislation Section
  5. Legal Section
  6. Foreign Affairs Section
  7. Council Service Section
  8. Academic Section
  9. Secretary Section

Areas of administration[edit]

See also[edit]


External links[edit]