Bangkok railway station
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|Location||Rama IV Rd, Rong Mueang, Pathum Wan, Bangkok, 10330|
|Owned by||State Railway of Thailand|
|Line(s)||Northern Line |
|Opened||25 June 1916|
|22,000,000||60,000+ per day|
Bangkok railway station (Thai: สถานีรถไฟกรุงเทพ), unofficially known as Hua Lamphong station (Thai: สถานีหัวลำโพง), is the main railway station in Bangkok, Thailand. It is in the center of the city in the Pathum Wan District, and is operated by the State Railway of Thailand (SRT).
The station is officially referred to by the State Railway of Thailand as Sathani Rotfai Krung Thep (สถานีรถไฟกรุงเทพ) in Thai (Krung Thep is the transliteration of the common Thai language name of Bangkok) and Bangkok Station in English. Hua Lamphong (Thai: หัวลำโพง) is the informal name of the station, used by both foreign travellers and locals. The station is often named as Hua Lamphong in travel guide books and in the public press.
In other areas of Thailand the station is commonly referred to as Krungthep Station, and the name Hua Lamphong is not well-known. In all documents published by the State Railway of Thailand (such as train tickets, timetables, and tour pamphlets) the station is uniformly transcribed as Krungthep (กรุงเทพ) in Thai.
There are a number of suggestions for the origin of the name Hua Lamphong. A common explanation is that it came from the word Wua Lamphong (วัวลำพอง) shortened from a former name for the area Thung Woa Lamphong meaning "The Field Of Wild Oxen". An alternative explanation is that it was derived from the word Lamphong (Datura metel) which is a plant that has toxic effects. It is also proposed that the name may have a Malay origin as a mixture of Khua in Thai, meaning "bridge", and the word Lamphung in Malay (pronounced Lumphung) meaning "temporary". Loi Khua Lumphung meaning a temporary bridge (across or floating in the river) then become known as Hua Lamphong by the Thais.
The station was opened on 25 June 1916 after six years of construction that started in 1910 in the reign of King Chulalongkorn and finished in the reign of King Vajiravudh. The site of the railway station was previously occupied by the national railway's maintenance centre, which moved to Makkasan in June 1910. At the nearby site of the previous railway station a pillar commemorates the inauguration of the Thai railway network in 1897.
The station was built in an Italian Neo-Renaissance-style, with decorated wooden roofs and stained glass windows, with the Frankfurt (Main) Hauptbahnhof in Germany as a prototype. The front of the building was designed by Turin-born Mario Tamagno, who with countryman Annibale Rigotti (1870–1968) was also responsible for the design of several other early 20th century public buildings in Bangkok. The pair designed Bang Khun Phrom Palace (1906), Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall in the Royal Plaza (1907–15) and Suan Kularb Residential Hall and Throne Hall in Dusit Garden, among other buildings.
There are 14 platforms, 26 ticket booths, and two electric display boards. Hua Lamphong serves over 130 trains and approximately 60,000 passengers each day. Since 2004 the station has been connected by an underground passage to the MRT (Metropolitan Rapid Transit) subway system's Hua Lamphong MRT Station.
The station is scheduled to be closed for being main railway station in 2021, when it will be converted into a museum. The station will change its official name to Hua Lamphong station. The State Railway of Thailand plans to move Bangkok's central station to Bang Sue Grand Station.
JNR Class C56 16 (SRT 714) Preserved in Bangkok Railway Station
The main façade of the station
King Rama V portrait at Main Hall
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bangkok Railway Station.|
- "Northeastern Line Timetable" (PDF). State Railway of Thailand. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2013. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Bangkok Hualamphong Station".
- "Streaming with history". Bangkok Post. 23 April 2015.
- Por Sinak (2016-02-03). "ภาษามลายูในกรุงเทพฯ เพิ่งรู้ "หัวลำโพง" มาจากมลายู" [Malay language in Bangkok, just know "Hua Lamphong" from Malay]. mtoday.co.th (in Thai). Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- Pattramon Sukprasert (20 June 2016). "Happy 100th birthday Hua Lamphong". The Bangkok Post.
- Perkins, Ed (2013-08-01). "10 iconic train excursions". USA Today. Retrieved 16 August 2013.
- "Train 35 Timetable (Now Train 31 from Bangkok to Hat Yai)". Train36.com.
- "103rd Anniversary of Hua Lamphong". Google. 25 June 2019.
- Charoenkiatpakul, Wichan (8 May 2017). "Hua Lamphong enters its last 2 years". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
- Clark, James (3 November 2016). "These rail projects will transform travel in Southeast Asia". Asia Times. Retrieved 2016-11-26.
- รายงานกองบัญชาการครั้งที่ 20 กล่าวด้วยการเดินรถไฟหลวงทางขนาดใหญ่ในกรุงสยามประจำพระพุทธศักราช 2459 (ปิคฤศต์ศักราช 1916-17), กรมรถไฟหลวง, โรงพิมพ์กรมรถไฟ, 2460 (Stored in National Archives of Thailand)
- งานฉลอง 50ปี กรมรถไฟหลวง, กรมรถไฟหลวง, โรงพิมพ์กรมรถไฟ, 2490