Bangladesh Betar

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Bangladesh Betar
বাংলাদেশ বেতার
TypeNational public broadcaster
Country
HeadquartersAgargaon, Dhaka
Broadcast area
National
Worldwide
OwnerGovernment of Bangladesh
Launch date
16 December 1939; 82 years ago (1939-12-16)
Affiliation(s)World Radio Network
Official website
betar.gov.bd

Bangladesh Betar (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ বেতার; lit.'Bangladesh Radio'),[1] or BB is the state-owned radio broadcaster of Bangladesh, initially established as the Dhaka station of All India Radio in 1939. It was later made part of Radio Pakistan. After the independence of the country in 1971, Radio Pakistan ceased transmissions there and the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra was renamed to Bangladesh Betar, which took full control of all radio stations in the country at the time. Bangladesh Betar is a sister service to Bangladesh Television, which is also state-owned.[2][3] It operates several AM and FM stations around Bangladesh. It also broadcasts in six languages, including Bengali, to listeners in the country and overseas.[4]

History[edit]

Early years[edit]

Radio transmission in the region now known as Bangladesh commenced in Dhaka on 16 December 1939 during British rule, as a part of All India Radio. Initially, the station was located at the Nazimuddin Road in Old Dhaka.[4] Its maximum transmission range was 45 kilometre. Leila Arjumand Banu performed on the first day of broadcasting. After the territory eventually fell into Pakistani rule in 1947, the station in Dhaka became a part of Radio Pakistan.[4] In 1954, broadcasting started in Rajshahi. On 8 September 1960, the radio station was moved to a modern office in Shahbag with six professional studios. More regional stations were opened in Sylhet in 1961, Savar in 1963, Rangpur in 1967 and in Khulna in 1970.[5]

Independence of Bangladesh[edit]

Radio played an important role during the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971. On 26 March 1971, the broadcasting centre of Radio Pakistan was used to transmit a declaration of independence, which was picked up by a Japanese ship in Chittagong Harbor and retransmitted. On 26 March 1971, as the Pakistan Army took over the radio station in Dhaka, the Swadhin Bangla Biplobi Betar Kendra clandestine radio station was established in a two-storey building in Kalurghat, constantly broadcasting Sheikh Mujibur Rahman's call for independence. The station was later renamed to Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra (Independent Bengal Radio Station).[6][7][8] Because of heavy shelling, the station had to be relocated several times. It was first relocated to Tripura on 3 April, and ultimately moved to Kolkata on 25 May, from where it would broadcast until the end of the war.[6]

Post independence[edit]

On 6 December, the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra was renamed to Bangladesh Betar.[9] The radio broadcaster was renamed to Radio Bangladesh in 1975, but was reverted back to Bangladesh Betar in 1996.[4] Its current headquarters were completed in 1983 at National Broadcasting House, Agargaon.[10] Bangladesh Betar was the sole radio broadcaster in Bangladesh until the establishment of Radio Metrowave in 1999, which itself was shut down on 27 June 2005.[11] In January 2020, the programming of Bangladesh Betar began to be distributed to India via All India Radio's stations in Kolkata and Agartala, and also on AIR's app.[12]

Stations[edit]

Schedule MW

Center Frequency (kHz) Meter Power (kW) Broadcast Time(Local)
Dhaka-ka 693 432.90 1000 06:30-12:10 and 14:30-23:30
Dhaka-kha 819[13] 476.19 100 00:00-03:00, 06:30-07:45

and 09:00-23:10

Dhaka-Ga 1170 256.41 20 15:00-17:00
Chittagong 873 343.64 100 06:30-10:00 and 12:00-23:10
Rajshahi 1080 277.77 10 06:30-10:00 and 12:00-23:10
Rajshahi 846 354.60 100 06:30-10:00 and 12:00-23:10
Khulna 558 537.63 100 06:30-10:00 and 12:00-23:10
Rangpur 1053 284.90 10 06:30-10:00 and 14:00-23:10
Sylhet 963 311.52 20 06:30-10:00 and 14:00-23:10
Barisal 1287 233.10 10 10:45-17:15
Thakurgaon 999 300.30 10 15:50-23:10
Rangamati 1161 258.39 10 11:30-16:30
Cox's Bazar 1314 228.31 10 11:45-16:45
Bandarban 1431 209.64 10 11:30-16:30
Comilla 1413 212.31 10 16:00-23:10

Schedule FM

Center Frequency (MHz) Meter Power (KW) Broadcast Time(Local)
FM100, Dhaka 100.0 3.00 3 13:00-16:00
FM, Dhaka 97.6 3.07 5 06:30-12:00; 14:15-23:15
Traffic Broadcasting, Dhaka 88.8 3.38 10 08:00-20:00
FM 90.0, Traffic Channel 90.0 3.33 10 08:00-20:00
FM 95.0 (Home Service) 95.0 17:30-22:00
FM, Chittagong 105.5 2.85 2 06:30-10:00; 19:00-23:10
FM, Khulna 102.0 2.94 1 06:30-10:00; 19:00-23:10
FM, Rajshahi 104.0 2.88 5 06:30-10:00; 19:00-23:10
FM, Rajshahi 105.0 2.86 1 06:30-10:00; 19:00-23:10
FM, Rangpur 105.0 2.86 1 06:30-10:00; 19:00-23:10
FM, Comilla 103.6 & 101.2 2.96 2 06:30-10:00; 17:00-23:10
FM, Thakurgoan 92.0 3.26 5 16:00-23:10

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Biswas, Sailendra (2000). "Samsad Bengali-English dictionary. 3rd ed". Calcutta: Sahitya Samsad. p. 786.
  2. ^ "Autonomy of BB and BTV". The Daily Star. 7 August 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  3. ^ বিটিভি-বেতারে পুরোটাই 'সরকার'. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). 29 December 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d বাংলাদেশ বেতারের প্রতিষ্ঠা বার্ষিকী আজ. Samakal (in Bengali). 16 December 2017. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Bangladesh Betar - The Story of Glory". Star Weekend Magazine. The Daily Star. 24 February 2017. Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  6. ^ a b Jinat Jahan Khan (26 March 2021). "Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendra: the source of inspiration and bravado during the liberation war". The Daily Star. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  7. ^ Shoesmith, Brian; Jude William Genilo (1 September 2013). Bangladeshs Changing Mediascape: From State Control to Market Force. Intellect Books. p. 81. ISBN 9781783201259. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  8. ^ "Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendro and Bangladesh's Declaration of Independence". The Daily Star. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  9. ^ মুক্তিযুদ্ধে বিজয়ে অনন্য ভূমিকা রাখে রেডিও. Janakantha (in Bengali). 13 February 2022. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  10. ^ বেতার সম্পর্কে কিছু কথা. Bangladesh Betar. Retrieved 2019-08-04.
  11. ^ Debra L. Merskin, ed. (12 November 2019). The SAGE International Encyclopedia of Mass Media and Society. SAGE Publications. p. 409. ISBN 9781483375540. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  12. ^ এবার ভারতে শোনা যাবে বাংলাদেশ বেতার. Prothom Alo (in Bengali). 20 January 2020. Retrieved 3 August 2022.
  13. ^ বাংলাদেশ বেতার. Bangladesh Betar (in Bengali).

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 23°44′24″N 90°23′47″E / 23.7400°N 90.3965°E / 23.7400; 90.3965