Bangladesh Election Commission

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Election Commission of Bangladesh
বাংলাদেশ নির্বাচন কমিশন
EC
বাংলাদেশ নির্বাচন কমিশনের লোগো.svg
Logo
Agency overview
Formed July 7, 1972; 45 years ago (1972-07-07)
Type Regulating and conducting Elections in Bangladesh
Jurisdiction Bangladesh
Headquarters Nirbachan Bhaban, Agargaon, Dhaka
Agency executives
  • KM Nurul Huda, CEC
  • Mahbub Talukder, EC
    • Md Rafiqul Islam, EC
    • Begum Kabita Khanam, EC
    • Shahadat Hossain Chowdhury, EC
Website www.ec.org.bd/English/index.php
National emblem of Bangladesh.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Bangladesh

The Election Commission of Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ নির্বাচন কমিশন), abbreviated EC, is an independent constitutional body of the nation of Bangladesh that operates the legal functions of Election law in Bangladesh.[1]

Article 118 of the Bangladeshi Constitution consisting of a Chief Election Commissioner and such number of other Election Commissioners, if any, as the President may from time to time direct.

Structure[edit]

The appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner of Bangladesh and other Election Commissioners (if any) is made by the President. When the Election Commission consists of more than one person, the Chief Election Commissioner is to act as its Chairman. Under the Constitution, the term of office of any Election Commissioner is five years from the date on which he enters upon office. A person who has held office as Chief Election Commissioner is not eligible for appointment in the service of the Republic. Any other Election Commissioner is, on ceasing to hold such office, eligible for appointment as Chief Election Commissioner, but is not eligible for appointment in the service of the Republic.

Election Commission
Office Name Role Since
Chief Election Commissioner KM Nurul Huda Chairman 15 February 2017
Election Commissioner Mahbub Talukder Election Administration 15 February 2017
Election Commissioner Md Rafiqul Islam Investigation and Adjudication 15 February 2017
Election Commissioner Begum Kabita Khanam Public Participation 15 February 2017
Election Commissioner Shahadat Hossain Chowdhury General Administration 15 February 2017
Permanent Secretary Muhammad Abdullah Election Commission's Secretariat 19 October 2016

History[edit]

The Election Commission was formed on 23 March 1956 as Election Commission of Pakistan and after Bangladesh Liberation War it has been restructured, reformed and renamed in 1972 to its present form.

Functions and powers[edit]

Powers of Election Commission (Article 118(4) and 126 of the Constitution, read with Article 4 of the Representation of the People Order, 1972): The Election Commission is an independent constitutional body in the exercise of its functions and subject only to the Constitution and any other law. The Commission may authorize its Chairman or any of its members or any of its officers to exercise and perform all or any of its powers and functions under the law. Article 126 of the Constitution and Articles 4 and 5 of the Representation of the People Order, 1972 provide that it shall be the duty of all executive authorities to assist the Election Commission in the discharge of its functions. The Commission has the power to require any person or authority to perform such functions or render such assistance for the purpose of election as it may direct.

Guardian of Free and Fair Elections[edit]

It oversees government elections parliamentary elections and local elections) as well as referendums throughout Bangladesh. Established by the 1972 Constitution, the Election Commission (EC) has extensive powers to manage, oversee, and regulate the electoral process.

Registration of political parties[edit]

A law regarding to this registration process was enacted in 2008 and number of parties got registered with Commission.[2] It helps to avoid confusion and headache of the administrative machinery as well as confusion of the electorate. It ensures that political parties can practice democracy only by their registration. The commission has the power to investigate the finances and donor lists of all political parties.

Prohibition on publication[edit]

The Commission can issue an order for the prohibition of publication and disseminating of results of opinion polls or exit polls to prevent influencing the voting trends in the electorate.

Quasi judicial powers[edit]

The commission has quasi-legal powers as a law enforcement agency to investigate and indict those who compromise election laws through bribery, corruption, vote buying, or blackmail.

Secretariat[edit]

Central[edit]

Bangladesh Election Commission has its own secretariat as per Election Commission Secretariat Act 2009, which is headed by a Secretary. The Secretariat is located in Dhaka and has an Electoral Training Institute, field offices at the Regional, District and Upazila/Thana level. Functions of the Election Commission Secretariat is to execute the decisions and orders of the Commission.[3]

Regional[edit]

There are Election Offices located at 7 Divisional Headquarters and 3 other districts. Functions of the Divisional Offices are to maintain liaison between the Election Commission Secretariat and the subordinate field level offices and to co-ordinate the work relating to conduct of all types of elections and registration of voters and preparation of electoral rolls including day to day amendment and correction in the list of electoral rolls and other matters as and when entrusted by the Election Commission. District

There are 83 District Election Offices in the 64 District Headquarters headed by District Election Officer. Functions:

The District Election Officers carry out all work relating to registration of voters, printing of voters list, management of national and local level elections, training of polling personnel and all logistical arrangements for elections. As an officer of the Election Commission, the District Election Officer renders all possible assistance to the Returning Officer and polling personnel with forms, packets, manuals, instructions and supply of ballot boxes, electoral rolls, ballot papers and maintains all accounts for expenses incurred for different elections. Upazill/Thana setup

At the lowest tier of the field organization, there are Upazila/Thana Election Officers in all Upazila/Thanas. The main functions of the Upazila/Thana Election Officer are to assist divisional/district offices in the discharge of functions relating to elections.

National Identity Wing[edit]

The National Identity (NIDW) is a wing of Election Commission Secretariat (ECS) headed by a Director General with 71 officers and staff of various categories. The wing is organized with three branches, seven sections and 9 units for Issuance and management of National ID card and administering all related activities, including the maintenance of a national citizen registration database and delivery of identity verification services to qualified public and private organizations.

See also[edit]

References[edit]