Election Commission Bangladesh
|বাংলাদেশ নির্বাচন কমিশন|
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The Election Commission Bangladesh (Bengali: বাংলাদেশ নির্বাচন কমিশন) is an independent constitutional body of the nation of Bangladesh that operates the legal functions of Election law in Bangladesh.
The appointment of the Chief Election Commissioner of Bangladesh and other Election Commissioners (if any) is made by the President. When the Election Commission consists of more than one person, the Chief Election Commissioner is to act as its Chairman. Under the Constitution the term of office of any Election Commissioner is five years from the date on which he enters upon office. A person who has held office as Chief Election Commissioner is not eligible for appointment in the service of the Republic. Any other Election Commissioner is, on ceasing to hold such office, eligible for appointment as Chief Election Commissioner, but is not eligible for appointment in the service of the Republic. Powers of Election Commission (Article 118(4) and 126 of the Constitution, read with Article 4 of the Representation of the People Order, 1972): The Election Commission is an independent constitutional body in the exercise of its functions and subject only to the Constitution and any other law. The Commission may authorize its Chairman or any of its members or any of its officers to exercise and perform all or any of its powers and functions under the law. Article 126 of the Constitution and Articles 4 and 5 of the Representation of the People Order, 1972 provide that it shall be the duty of all executive authorities to assist the Election Commission in the discharge of its functions. The Commission has the power to require any person or authority to perform such functions or render such assistance for the purpose of electron as it may direct.
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Functions and Powers
Guardian of Free & Fair Elections
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Registration of Political Parties
A law regarding to this registration process was enacted in 2008 and number of parties got registered with Commission. It helps to avoid confusion and headache of the administrative machinery as well as confusion of the electorate. It ensures that political parties can practice democracy only by their registration.
Prohibition on Publication
Quasi judicial powers
Bangladesh Election Commission has its own secretariat as per Election Commission Secretariat Act 2009, which is headed by a Secretary. The Secretariat is located in Dhaka and has an Electoral Training Institute, field offices at the Regional, District and Upazilla/Thana level. Functions of the Election Commission Secretariat is to execute the decisions and orders of the Commission.
There Election Offices located at 7 Divisional Headquarters and 3 other districts. Functions of the Divisional Offices are to maintain liaison between the Election Commission Secretariat and the subordinate field level offices and to co-ordinate the work relating to conduct of all types of elections and registration of voters and preparation of electoral rolls including day to day amendment and correction in the list of electoral rolls and other matters as and when entrusted by the Election Commission. District
There are 83 District Election Offices in the 64 District Headquarters headed by District Election Officer. Functions:
The District Election Officers carry out all work relating to registration of voters, printing of voters list, management of national and local level elections, training of polling personnel and all logistical arrangements for elections. As an officer of the Election Commission, the District Election Officer renders all possible assistance to the Returning Officer and polling personnel with forms, packets, manuals, instructions and supply of ballot boxes, electoral rolls, ballot papers and maintains all accounts for expenses incurred for different elections. Upazill/Thana setup
At the lowest tier of the field organization, there are Upazilla/Thana Election Officers in all Upazilla/Thanas. The main functions of the Upazilla/Thana Election Officer are to assist divisional/district offices in the discharge of functions relating to elections.
- Chief Election Commissioner of Bangladesh
- Election Commissioner of Bangladesh
- Elections in Bangladesh