Bangladeshi name

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Personal names in Bangladesh may depend generally on the person's religion. Names in Bangladesh generally have origins from other languages like Arabic, Sanskrit and Pali, but they are used and pronounced as according to the native Bengali language.

Given names (first name)[edit]

Many people in Bangladesh have two given names: a "good name" (ভাল নাম bhalo nam), which is used on all legal documents, and a "call name" or "nickname" (ডাক নাম đak nam), which is used by family members and close friends.

The two names may or may not be at all related; for example, a man named Šumon Saha (সুমন সাহা) may be called by his đak nam (e.g. Bubai বুবাই) at home and by his bhalo nam (Šumon সুমন) elsewhere. Many people also have a shortened version of their bhalo nam (e.g. Dipu for Deepak, Faru for Farhana, etc.) in addition to their full bhalo nam and their dak nam.

Middle names[edit]

Middle names are though very common in Bangladesh, it may still not be necessary for a person to have a middle name. Recently, many people have begun to add their dak nam to the middle or end of their full official name, resulting in names like "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" (সাইফুদ্দীন কাঞ্চন চৌধুরী), where "Saifuddin" would be the man's bhalo nam, "Kanchon" would be his dak nam and "Choudhuri" would be his family name. "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" could also be written as "Saifuddin Choudhuri Kanchon" dak nam in the end, depending on the choice of the person, how he/she displays their name. In these situations, this man would be correctly addressed "Mr. Choudhuri", not "Mr. Kanchon".

Family names[edit]

A majority of the people of Bangladesh are adherents of Islam, and because of this, they mostly use names of Arabic origins followed by Farsi, Bengali and Pali origins. Among Muslims of Bangladesh, there are several different naming conventions. There is no fixed scheme for the structure of names.[1] Many people do not really use a family name, so members of a family can have different last names. The system of usage of different family names in the same family may also be followed by non-Muslims due to the dominating name style of not having same family names in a family by Muslims in Bangladesh. Some family names may be common between all religions like: চৌধুরী (Choudhuri / Chowdhury), সরকার (Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar) and বিশ্বাস (Bishwas).

List of common family names by a person's religion[edit]

Muslim family names[edit]

S.No. Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
1 সৈয়দ Syed
2 শেখ Sheikh
3 মীর Mir
4 লস্কর Lashkar
5 আখন্দ Akhand
6 মিঞা Mian / Miah
7 মীর্জা/মির্জা Mirza
8 শাহ Shah
9 মুন্সী Munshi
10 দেওয়ান Dewan
11 গাজী Gazi
12 কাজী Kazi Quazi (given name disambiguation)
13 খান/খাঁ Khan
14 চৌধুরী Chowdhury
15 সরকার Sarkar
16 মুহুরী Muhuri
17 মল্ল Malla
18 পাটোয়ারী Patoyari
19 মোল্লা Molla
20 ফকির Fakir/Faqir
21 খন্দকার Khandakar (disambiguation) Khandokar
22 হাজারী Hazari
23 শিকদার Shikdar/Sikdar
24 তালুকদার Talukdar
25 মজুমদার Majumdar/Mazumdar
S.No. Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
26 হালদার Haldar
27 জোয়ার্দার Joardar
28 ইনামদার Inamdar
29 তরফদার Tarafdar
30 সরদার Sarder/Sardar
31 চাকলাদার Chaqladar/Chakladar
32 হাওলাদার Howladar
33 ডিহিদার Dihidar
34 ভূঁইয়া Bhuiyan
35 মুস্তাফী Mustafi
36 মলঙ্গী Malangi
37 মাতুব্বর Matubbar
38 গোমস্তা Gomastha
39 পন্নী Panni
40 লোহানী Lohani
41 কানুনগো Qanungo
42 কারকুন Karkun
43 মল্লিক Mallik
44 মণ্ডল Mandal
45 বিশ্বাস Bishwash
46 প্রামাণিক Pramanik
47 ঠাকুর Thakur
46 মৃধা Mridha

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Hindu family names[edit]

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
ভট্টাচার্য্য / ভট্টাচার্য Bhottacharjyo / Bhottacharjo / Bhattacharya (Bhattacharjee)
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় (ব্যানার্জী) Bondyopadhyay (Banerjee)
বনিক Bonik / Banik
বাগচী Bagchi
ব্যাপারী Byapari / Bapary
বিশ্বাস Bishwas
ভৌমিক Bhoumik / Bhowmik
বসু Bosu
চক্রবর্তী Chokroborti / Chakraborty
চট্টপাধ্যায় (চ্যাটার্জী) Chottopadhyay (Chatterjee)
চৌধুরী Choudhuri / Chowdhury
দাস Das
দেব Debroy
দে De / Dey
দত্ত Dotto / Datta / Dutta
গায়েন Gain / Gayen
গুহ Guho / Guha
গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় (গাঙ্গুলী) Gongopadhyay / Gangopadhyay (Ganguly)
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
গুপ্ত Gupto / Gupta
ঘোষ Ghush / Ghosh
গোস্বামী Goswami / Gushami
প্রভুপাদ Probhupado / Prabhupada
মজুমদার Mozumdar / Majumder
মিত্র Mitro / Mitra
মুখোপাধ্যায় (মুখার্জী) Mukhopadhyay (Mukherjee)
মুন্সী Munsi / Munshi
নাথ Nath
পুরকায়স্থ Purokayostho / Purakayastha / Purkait
পাল Pal / Paul
রায় Ray / Roy
সাহা Saha
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
সেন Sen
ঠাকুর Thakur

Buddhist family names[edit]

Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় Bondyopadhyay/Bonddopaddhay
চট্টপাধ্যায় Chottopadhyay
বনিক Bonik
ব্যাপারী Bæpari / Bapary
বড়ুয়া Boruya / Borua / Baruah
চাকমা Chakma
গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় Gonggopadhyay
মুখোপাধ্যায় Mukhopadhyay
মুৎসুদ্দি Mutsuddi
পাটোয়ারী Paŧoyari / Paŧwary
Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
পাল Pal / Paul
রায় Ray / Rai
তালুকদার Talukdar / Talukder
তনচংগা Tonchongga / Tanchangya
ত্রিপুরা Tripura
মারমা Marma
মুরং Murong / Murung / Mrung / Mru
মহাথের Mohathero / Mahathero
সরকার Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar
লারমা Larma
মুৎসুদ্দী Mutsuddy
ফাজিয়াতুন রিদ্মি

Initials and prefixes[edit]

Mohammod, Muhammod or Muhammad (মোহাম্মদ) is a common prefix used before the name of many Muslim males, and it is not considered as the name used to refer to the person. In many cases, the "Muhammad" prefix is shortened to মোঃ ("Md.", or "MD."). Other common prefixes are not systematic. The prefix often serves as the first name and the given name appears as the last name/surname.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Understanding Communities:Bangladeshi Community, Cheshire County Council, October 2003.