Bengali name

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Personal names in Bengali-speaking countries consist of one or several given names and a surname. The given is usually gender-specific. A name is usually cited in the "Western order" of "given name, surname". Personal names may depend generally on the person's religion and also have origins from other languages like Arabic, Persian, Sanskrit and Pali, but they are used and pronounced as according to the native Bengali language.

First names[edit]

Many people in Bangladesh and West Bengal have two given names: a "good name" (Bengali: ভালো নাম, romanizedBhalo Nam), which is used on all legal documents, and a "call name" or "nickname" (Bengali: ডাক নাম, romanizedDak Nam), which is used by family members and close friends.

The two names may or may not be at all related; for example, a man named "Shumon" or "Sumon" or "Suman" (Bengali: সুমন) may be called by his Dak Nam (e.g. Bengali: বুবাই, romanizedBubai) at home and by his Bhalo Nam (Bengali: সুমন, romanizedShumon) elsewhere.

Many people also have a shortened version of their Bhalo Nam. For example, Dipu (Bengali: দিপু) for Dipok (Bengali: দীপক), Faru (Bengali: ফারু) for Farhana (Bengali: ফারহানা) etc. in addition to their full Bhalo Nam and their Dak Nam.

Middle names[edit]

Though middle names are very common in Bangladesh, not every individual has one; this applies to West Bengal as well. Recently, many people have begun to add their dak nam to the middle or end of their full official name, resulting in names like "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" (সাইফুদ্দীন কাঞ্চন চৌধুরী), where "Saifuddin" would be the man's bhalo nam, "Kanchon" would be his dak nam and "Choudhuri" would be his family name. "Saifuddin Kanchon Choudhuri" could also be written as "Saifuddin Choudhuri Kanchon" dak nam in the end, depending on the choice of the person, how he/she displays their name. In these situations, this man would be correctly addressed "Mr. Choudhuri", not "Mr. Kanchon".

Family names[edit]

The majority of the people of Bengal are adherents of Islam, and because of this, they mostly use names of Arabic origins followed by Farsi, and Bengali. Among Muslims of Bangladesh, there are several different naming conventions. There is no fixed scheme for the structure of names.[1] Many people do not really use a family name, so members of a family can have different last names. The system of usage of different family names in the same family may also be followed by non-Muslims due to the dominating name style of not having same family names in a family by Muslims in Bangladesh. The largest minority of the people of Bengal are Hindus. They use many names which are listed below. Some of their names are somewhat shortened and altered, like Chatterjee, due to British influence. Some family names may be common between all religions like: চৌধুরী (Choudhuri / Chowdhury), সরকার (Sorkar / Sarker / Sarkar) and বিশ্বাস (Bishwas).

List of common family names by a person's religion[edit]

Muslim family names[edit]

S.No. Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
1 সৈয়দ Syed (Soiyod)
2 লস্কর Laskar (Loshkor)
3 মীর (modern spelling- মির) Mir
4 উদ্দিন Uddin
5 আখুন্দ Akhund (Akhundo)
6 প্রধান Prodhan
7 মীর্জা (modern spelling- মির্জা) Mirza (Mirja)
8 শাহ Shah
9 মুন্সী/মুনশী (modern spelling- মুন্সি/মুনশি) Munshi
10 দেওয়ান Dewan (Deo'an)
11 গাজী (modern spelling- গাজি) Gazi (Gaji)
12 কাজী (modern spelling- কাজি) Kazi (Kaji)[2]
13 খাঁ (modern spelling খান) Khan
14 চৌধুরী Chowdhury (Choudhuri)
15 সরকার Sarkar (Shorkar)
16 মুহুরী Muhuri
17 মল্ল Malla (Mollo)
18 পাটোয়ারী Patwari (Pato'ari)
19 মোল্লা Molla
20 ফকির Fakir (Phokir)
21 খন্দকার Khondakar (Khondokar)
22 হাজারী Hazari (Hajari)
23 শিকদার Shikdar
24 তালুকদার Talukdar
25 মজুমদার Majumdar/Mazumdar (Mojumdar)
26 হালদার Haldar
27 জোয়ার্দার Joardar (Jo'ardar)
28 ইনামদার Inamdar
29 মিয়া Miah/Miya/Mia (Mi'a)
30 সরদার Sarder/Sardar (Shordar)
31 চাকলাদার Chakladar
32 হাওলাদার Howladar (Haoladar)
33 ডিহিদার Dihidar
34 ভূঁইয়া Bhuiyan (Bhuni'a)
35 মুস্তাফী (modern spelling- মুস্তাফি) Mustafi
36 মলঙ্গী Malangi (Molonggi)
37 মাতুব্বর Matubbar (Matubbor)
38 গোমস্তা Gomastha (Gomosta)
39 পন্নী Panni (Ponni)
40 লোহানী (modern spelling- লোহানি) Lohani
41 কানুনগো Kanungo
42 কারকুন Karkun
43 মল্লিক Mallik (Mallick in Hindu) (Mollik)
44 মণ্ডল Mandal (Mondol)
45 বিশ্বাস Bishwash (Bishshash)
46 প্রামাণিক Pramanik
47 বেগম Begum (Begom)
48 শেখ Sheikh (Shekh)
49 মৃধা Mridha
50 উল্লাহ Ullah
51 সরকার Sorkar/ Sarkar/Sircar/Sarker

Hindu family names[edit]

S. No. Name (Bangla alphabet) Bangla Romanization
1 ভট্টাচার্য্য (modern spelling- ভট্টাচার্য) Bhattacharya (Bhottacharjo)
2 বন্দ্যোপাধ্যায় (ব্যানার্জী also) Banerjee (Bondopaddhay)
3 দেব Deb (Deba)
4 বণিক Bonick (Bonik)
5 দে Dey (De)
6 দত্ত Dutt (Dotto)
7 নস্কর Naskar (Noshkor)
8 ব্যাপারী Bapary (Baepari)
9 বিশ্বাস Bishwas (Bishshash)
10 ভৌমিক Bhowmick (Bhoumik)
11 বসু Bose (Boshu)
12 চক্রবর্তী Chakraborty (Chokrobort)
13 চট্টপাধ্যায় (চ্যাটার্জী also) Chatterjee (Chottopaddhay)
14 চৌধুরী Chowdhury (Choudhuri)
15 দাস Das (Dash)
16 গায়েন Gain (Ga'en)
17 গুহ Guha (Guho)
18 গঙ্গোপাধ্যায় (গাঙ্গুলী also) Ganguly (Gonggopaddhay)
19 গুপ্ত Gupta (Gupto)
20 ঘোষ Ghosh
21 গোস্বামী Goswami (Goshami)
22 প্রভুপাদ Prabhupada (Probhupado)
23 মজুমদার Mazumdar/Majumder (Mojumdar)
24 মিত্র Mitra (Mitro)
25 মুখোপাধ্যায় (মুখার্জী also) Mukherjee (Mukhopaddhay)
26 নাথ Nath
27 পুরকায়স্থ Purkait (Puroka'ostho)
28 পাল Paul/Pal (Pal)
29 রায় Roy/Ray (Ra'i)
30 সাহা Saha (Shaha)
31 সরকার Sarker/Sarkar (Shorkar)
32 সিংহ Singha
33 সেন Sen (Shen)
34 ঠাকুর Tagore (Thakur)
35 চন্দ Chanda (Chondo)
36 বাগচী Bagchi

Initials and prefixes[edit]

Muhammad (মোহাম্মদ), Mohammed, Mohamed, Mohammad, Mohammod, Muhammod or is a common prefix used before the name of many Muslim males, and it is often not considered as the name used to refer to the person. In many cases, the "Muhammad" prefix is shortened to মোঃ ("Md.", or "MD."). Other common prefixes are not systematic. The prefix often serves as the first name and the given name appears as the last name/surname.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Understanding Communities:Bangladeshi Community[permanent dead link], Cheshire County Council, October 2003.
  2. ^ See also:Quazi (given name disambiguation)
  3. ^ Khaleeli, Homa (1 December 2014). "Muhammad: the truth about Britain's most misunderstood name". the Guardian.