Bangor, Morbihan

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Bangor
Port Goulphar
Port Goulphar
Bangor is located in France
Bangor
Bangor
Coordinates: 47°18′57″N 3°11′14″W / 47.3158°N 3.1872°W / 47.3158; -3.1872Coordinates: 47°18′57″N 3°11′14″W / 47.3158°N 3.1872°W / 47.3158; -3.1872
Country France
Region Brittany
Department Morbihan
Arrondissement Lorient
Canton Belle-Île
Intercommunality Belle-Île-en-Mer
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Annaïck Huchet
Area1 25.54 km2 (9.86 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 932
 • Density 36/km2 (95/sq mi)
Demonym Bangorins
INSEE/Postal code 56009 / 56360
Elevation 0–58 m (0–190 ft)
(avg. 44 m or 144 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bangor is a French commune in the Morbihan department in the Brittany region of north-western France. It is one of the four communes on the island of Belle-Île.

The inhabitants of Bangor are called Bangorins.[2]

Geography[edit]

Bangor is one of four communes on the island of Belle Île located on the south-west coast of the island. The island is some 14 km south of the Quiberon peninsula. Access to the commune is by the D190 road from Le Palais in the north and the D25 from Locmaria in the east which continues to Sauzon in the north-west. There is the small Aerodrome de Belle-Île in the north of the commune which hosts the Aeroclub de Belle-Ile en Mer. Apart from the village there are many hamlets in the commune:

  • Bordenec'h
  • Bornor
  • Borsauz
  • Calestren
  • Cosquet
  • Domois
  • Donnant
  • Goélan
  • Le Grand Village
  • Kerguélen
  • Kerourdé
  • Kervarijon
  • Parlavan
  • Radenac
  • Tinéüé
  • Le Vazen

Several offshore islands also belong to the commune as well as other unnamed islets:

  • Ile de Bangor
  • Roches de Bornor
  • Iles de Domois
  • Iles de Baguenères
  • Aiguilles Rocheuses

The commune consists almost entirely of farmland.[1]

Climate[edit]

The commune is exposed to strong winds.

Town Sunshine

(hours/yr)
Rain

(mm/yr)
Snow

(days/yr)
Storm

(days/yr)
Fog

(days/yr)
National Average 1,973 770 14 22 40
Bangor[4] - 712 1 6 26
Paris 1,661 637 12 18 10
Nice 2,724 767 1 29 1
Strasbourg 1,693 665 29 29 56
Brest 1,605 1,211 7 12 75


Climate data for Belle-Ile
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
9.5
(49.1)
11.4
(52.5)
13.5
(56.3)
16.5
(61.7)
19.2
(66.6)
21.1
(70)
21.4
(70.5)
19.7
(67.5)
16.4
(61.5)
12.9
(55.2)
10.5
(50.9)
15.2
(59.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
7.5
(45.5)
9.2
(48.6)
10.8
(51.4)
13.7
(56.7)
16.2
(61.2)
18.2
(64.8)
18.4
(65.1)
16.8
(62.2)
14.2
(57.6)
10.9
(51.6)
8.6
(47.5)
12.7
(54.9)
Average low °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
5.4
(41.7)
6.9
(44.4)
8.0
(46.4)
10.9
(51.6)
13.2
(55.8)
15.2
(59.4)
15.3
(59.5)
13.9
(57)
12.0
(53.6)
8.9
(48)
6.6
(43.9)
10.2
(50.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 80.7
(3.177)
63.3
(2.492)
56.6
(2.228)
45.4
(1.787)
60.8
(2.394)
32.5
(1.28)
38.5
(1.516)
36.2
(1.425)
60.8
(2.394)
86.9
(3.421)
66.9
(2.634)
82.9
(3.264)
711.5
(28.012)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 13.3 9.4 10.4 8.6 9.1 6.6 6.5 6.0 7.9 12.0 12.2 13.6 115.6
Source: Meteorological data for Belle-Ile - 37m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (French)

Neighbouring communes and villages[1][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

It is not known if the name comes from Bangor Abbey in Northern Ireland, one of the most famous abbeys in Western Christianity, from where it is known that monks like Columbanus came to evangelize in Armorica in the 6th century, or from the Monastery of Bangor-Fawr, founded in Wales around 545 on the Menai Strait.

The Breton name of the commune is Bangor.

History[edit]

The Pierre Sainte Anne menhir

The commune of Bangor has been inhabited since prehistory as evidenced by the Pierre Sainte Anne menhir.

Bangor has been the administrative centre of the island for 10 centuries. It was the name of a priory founded by Benedictine monks who came to colonize and populate the island starting in the 7th century.

Colonization consisted of dividing the island into five parishes with Bangor occupying the middle Each parish was a small area given to residual families from the island or to colonists who were asked by the monks to come to Brittany.

In the 9th century the island was devastated by the Vikings and the priory was placed under the secular protection of the Counts of Cornouaille (in Armorican Brittany). In 1029 the Count of Cornouaille Alain Canhiart entrusted the island to the recently founded Sainte-Croix de Quimperlé Abbey. As it was directly under the authority of the Pope, Belle-Ile benefited from immunity from being under the authority of both the bishopric of Vannes and the duchy of Brittany. The administration of the island was delegated to a provost of the abbey who had temporal power (the right of low, middle, and high justice which was performed sometimes at Belle-Ile and sometimes at Quimperlé). From 1408 the right was exercised only at Quimperlé.

The Count of Cornouaille entrusted the island to the Benedictines of Redon Abbey who were able to take possession of it after long protests from the abbot of Quimperlé. The priory remained in the same spot as its predecessors (on the current location of the municipal campground of Bangor) and a fort was constructed at Le Palais which later became the capital of the island instead of Bangor.

Belle-Île was governed by monks until the 16th century when incessant attacks by pirates forced them to relinquish their fiefdom to the king, or rather to the regent Catherine de' Medici, who gave the land in vassalage to the Gondi family - then owners of the Pays de Retz. The land, however, remained under the heavy hand of the regime until the French Revolution.

The Goulphar lighthouse on the west coast of Bangor has been active since 1836.

The semaphore of Talut was put into service in 1862.[5]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[6]

Mayors from 1935
From To Name Party Position
1935 1946 François Le Marec
1946 1960 Jean Marie Le Bihan
1960 1971 Paul Bedex
1971 1977 Adolphe Olieric
1977 1983 Paul Meunier
1983 1989 Jean Yves Daniel
1989 2001 Lucien Maho
2001 2014 Pierre-Yves Desard
2014 2020 Annaïck Huchet

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 932 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
1,218 1,183 1,005 1,418 1,638 1,762 1,742 1,712 1,820
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,813 1,801 1,868 1,862 1,807 1,665 1,615 1,565 1,541
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
1,454 1,484 1,342 1,074 1,017 988 929 809 670
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
578 550 563 637 735 738 - 932 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Bangor

Culture and heritage[edit]

Aerial view of Bangor
Long house with the Well

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has many buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • A Tumulus NE of the Aerodrome (Prehistoric)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[7]
  • An old Radar Station at Port-Croton (20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[8]
  • The Goulphar lighthouse (1826)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[9] has one of the most powerful lights on the French coast. Built from 1826 to 1833, it was commissioned in 1835 and is a granite building 47 m high which rises to 84 m above the sea level. Its light beam flashes at intervals of 3 and 7 seconds. With the present optical system it is visible at 28 Nautical miles.
  • Fortified works (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Town Hall (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[14]
  • A Bakery at Borsauz (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • The Loge Agricultural Store room at Bordenec'h (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16]
  • A Well at Radenac (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • A Mill at Varrec (1858)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]

Religious heritage[edit]

A Monumental Cross
Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • Monumental Crosses (19th-20th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • The Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul (16th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]
  • A Presbytery (1790)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[21]
  • The Chapels of Saint-Guénolé, Saint-Thomas, and Saint-Armand (destroyed)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[22]

Bangor Picture Gallery[edit]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • John Peter Russell, Australian painter, arrived at Belle-Île-en-Mer in 1883. He first stayed in a rented house in Envag before building a mansion called the "Château de l'anglais" (English Chateau) at Goulphar.
  • Claude Monet lived in the village of Kervilahouen
  • Françoise Bangor, the first woman painter in Belle-Île, stayed in Envague. She often came on holidays with her parents and succumbed to the beauty of the island. She continued to paint the rugged coastline, the villages, and to sketch the fishermen from 1935 to 1953.[24]
  • Henry Moret, painted Goulpher
Paintings of Bangor

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Google Maps
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Morbihan (French)
  3. ^ Paris, Nice, Strasbourg, Brest
  4. ^ Data from the Station at Belle-Ile from 1981 to 2010 (French)
  5. ^ Office of Tourism of Belle-Île-en-Mer
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008946 Tumulus NE of the Aerodrome (French)
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA56000026 Radar Station at Port-Croton (French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00135278 IA56000341 Goulphar lighthouse (French)Camera aabb.svg
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008975 Infantry Parapet at Port Guen IA00008974 Infantry Parapet at Port d'Herlin IA00008973 Pointe du Grand Village IA00008972 Entrechments at Port Kerel IA00008971 Port de Domois IA00008970 Pointe de Grand Guet (French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008954 Pierre Sainte Anne Menhir at Kervarijon (French)
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008945 Tumulus at Kervarijon (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008253 Radenac (1842) IA00008252 Domois (1859) IA00008242 Houses (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008251 Town Hall (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008247 Bakery at Borsauz (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008246 Loge Agricultural Store room at Bordenec'h (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008245 Well at Radenac (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008244 Mill at Varrec (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00009007 Monumental Crosses (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008249 Parish Church of Saints Peter and Paul (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008248 Presbytery (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00008241 Chapels of Saint-Guénolé, Saint-Thomas, and Saint-Armand (French)
  23. ^ Aero-club Belle-Ile Charles Robin (French)
  24. ^ Françoise Oury, Bangor, 1905~1983 (French)

Media related to Bangor, Morbihan at Wikimedia Commons