The tribe of Banu Tamim (Arabic: بـنـو تـمـيـم) or Bani Tamim (Arabic: بـني تـمـيـم) is one of the main tribes of Arabia. Tamim, the ancestor of the tribe, is a direct descendant of Adnan and is thus considered an Ishmaelite tribe descending from Ishmael, the son of Abraham.
Today, descendants from the tribe live in the Arabian Peninsula and neighboring countries such as Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Iraq, Kuwait, Jordan, Syria, Qatar, Oman, Yemen, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates, Iran, Lebanon and Palestine. The word Tamim in Arabic means strong and solid. It also means perfection.
Lineage & Branches
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- ‘Adnan (عدنان)
- Ma'ad (معد)
- Nizar ibn Ma'ad (نزار)
- Mudar ibn Nizar (مضر)
- Ilyas ibn Mudar (إلياس)
Banu Tamim are an extremely large tribe, with four major branches that differentiate them:
- ‘Amr bin Tamim
They were mostly localized in Najd (Saudi Arabia) in Pre-Islamic times, but have then expanded to all corners of the Arabian Peninsula in pursuit of the Islamic Conquests. Stretching from Morocco to Persia and further to India. The Banu Tamim often hold genealogy in high regard, carefully recording birth and family data (especially in the Arabian Peninsula).
- From Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal ; "do not say of Bani Tamim anything but good, for indeed they are the severest of people in attacking the Dajjaal (Antichrist )."
- In a Hadith collected in both Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Musim Abu Hurairah said "I have loved the people of the tribe of Banu Tamim, ever since I heard three things the Messenger of Allah -peace be upon him- said about them. I heard him saying: "these people (of the tribe of Banu Tamim) would stand firm against the Dajjaal (Antichrist )." When the Saddaqat (Donations for Charity in Islam) from that tribe came, Mohammed said: "these are the Saddaqat (charitable gifts) of my folk." A'ishah had a slave girl from that tribe, and the Prophet said to A'ishah, "Manumit her as she is a descendant of Ismaa'eel, peace be upon him."
- The Aghlabid dynasty
- The Al Thani, ruling family of Qatar. (See House of Thani)
- The Al ash-Sheikh family of the Grand Muftis of the Emirate of Diriyah, then the Emirate of Najd and now modern day Saudi Arabia
Among the tribe's members are:
- Munzir ibn Sawa Al Tamimi - ruler of eastern parts of archaic Arabian peninsula who converted to Islam
- Ibrahim I ibn al-Aghlab - Founder of the Aghlabids Dynasty, the emirs of Ifriqiya and Sicily from 800-909.
- Jarīr - classical Arab poet
- Ahnaf ibn Qais - a Muslim general who lived during the time of Muhammad
- Khabbab ibn al-Aratt - Sahabi; companion of Muhammad
- Al-Farazdaq - Classical Poet
- Al-Qa'qa'a ibn Amr at-Tamim i - A general who commanded an army from his tribe and helped conquer Persia under Caliph Umar.
- Ali al-Tamimi - American Islamic Scholar and Biologist
- Al-Maziri - 12th century CE Tunisian scholar of the Maliki school.
- Muhammed ibn Umail al-Tamimi - An Andalusian alchemist of the tenth century.
- Al-Hurr ibn Yazid al Tamimi - A general of the Umayyads who defected to Husayn ibn Ali.
- Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab - Muslim preacher.
- Abd-Allah ibn Ibadh - Founder of the Ibadi sect
- Abdul Aziz bin Hars bin Asad Yemeni Tamimi, (816-944), famous Sufi of Junaidia order
- Abu Al Fazal Abdul Wahid Yemeni Tamimi, (842-1034), famous Sufi of Junaidia order
- Muhammad Ibn al 'Uthaymīn (d. 2001 C.E.) - Saudi Arabian sheikh and Muslim preacher
- Abdur-Rahman ibn Nasir as-Sa'di
- Mohamed bin Abdulrahman Al-Fakhro
- Bassem al-Tamimi - an activist leader and member of the Palestinian Tamimi clan.
- Sultan Muhammad Fatih - Conqueror of Byzantium, Banu Tamim through Murad I and Grand Mufti Şeyh Edebali (Al Khater and Banu Tamim)
- Faisal of Saudi Arabia - (Maternal Descendant) King of Saudi Arabia and carried out World Oil embargo 1973. Mother Tarfa b. Al Sheikh Descended from Sheikh Muhammad b. Abdul Wahab from Banu Tamim tribe.
- Şeyh Edebali - Principal Religious Advisor and Father in Law to *Osman I founder of Ottoman dynasty. Seyh Edebali is a great grandfather of Ottoman Sultans. Descended from the Al Khater and Banu Tamim tribes.
- "قبيلة بني تميم العريقة - بني تميم". www.bnitamem.com. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- "معلومات عن قبيلة بـني تـميم". www.traidnt.net. Retrieved 2015-11-27.
- Kister, M. J (November 1965). "Mecca and Tamīm (Aspects of Their Relations)". Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient. 8 (2): 113–163. doi:10.2307/3595962. JSTOR 3595962.
- Murrad, Mustafa (1 February 2009). Kisah Hidup Utsman ibn Affan (in Indonesian). ISBN 978-9790241374.
- USC-MSA Compendium of Muslim Texts
- أستاذي:الشيخ محمد الصالح العثيمين