Bani Yas

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Bani Yas (from Arabic: بَنُو ياس‎) is a tribal confederation of uncertain origin (mostly attributed its lineage either to the Omani Yas ibn Sasa' or Najdi origin)[1] in the United Arab Emirates. It had a coalition with many other tribes in the region.[2] The tribal coalition which consists of tribes from Dubai to Khawr al Udayd southeast of Qatar, was called the Bani Yas Coalition.[3] The tribe has been led by their rulers, the Al Nahyan, who had their headquarters in Al Dhafra and now in Abu Dhabi (city).[3][4] The ruling family of the United Arab Emirates and Abu Dhabi, Al Nahyan, which is a branch of Al-Falahi, belongs to and rules this tribe, as do the emirs of Dubai, Al Maktoum,[5][6] which is a branch of Al-Falasi.

History[edit]

Bani Yas had close relations with the Dhawahir tribe, which was traditionally at odds with Na’im and Bani Ka’ab in Buraimi Oasis.[7]

Branches[edit]

Bani Yas consists of several branches,[8] which are:

  1. Al Falahi (Āl Falāḥī آل بو فَلاح)
  2. Al Falasi(Āl Falāsī آل بو فَلاسة)
  3. Al Muhairi(Al Bu Muhair آل بو مهير)
  4. Al Mehairbi (al-Muḥaribī المحاربة)
  5. Al Mazroui (al-Mazārīʿ المزاريع)
  6. Al Hameli (al-Hiwamil الهوامل)
  7. Al Humairi(Al Bu Hamir ‫آل بو حمير‬)
  8. Al Marar (al-Marar المرر)
  9. Al Qubaisi (al-Qubaysī القبيسات) (Al Qubaisat)
  10. Al Swaidi (السودان)
  11. Al Qumzi (القمزان)
  12. Al Khemeiri (الخماره)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher Davidson's Abu Dhabi Oil and Beyond page 5
  2. ^ Frauke, Heard-Bey. "The Tribal Society of the UAE" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 April 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  3. ^ a b ZAYED. "The Millennial Legend \ THE BANI YAS ALLIANCE". Archived from the original on 2011-12-28. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  4. ^ "History". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  5. ^ "History of Dubai". DubaiGuru.org. Archived from the original on 18 August 2013. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  6. ^ "History of Dubai". www.dubaionweb.com. Retrieved 10 October 2012.
  7. ^ Motohiro, Ono (March 2011). "Reconsideration of the Meanings of the Tribal Ties in the United Arab Emirates: Abu Dhabi Emirate in Early ʼ90s" (PDF). Kyoto Bulletin of Islamic Area Studies. 4–1 (2): 25–34. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-04-29. Retrieved 2009-05-30.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)