TFF First League

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(Redirected from Bank Asya 1. Lig)
TFF First League
Organising bodyTurkish Football Federation (TFF)
Founded1963; 61 years ago (1963)
CountryTurkey
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams18 (since 2023–24)
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toSüper Lig
Relegation to2. Lig
Domestic cup(s)Turkish Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Europa League
(via winning Turkish Cup)
Current championsSamsunspor (7th title)
(2022–23)
Most championshipsSamsunspor (7 titles)
TV partnersbeIN Sports, TRT
Websitetff.org
Current: 2023–24 TFF First League

The TFF First League, officially known as Trendyol 1. Lig for sponsorship reasons,[1] is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2001 as the Turkish Second League Category A after the reorganization of the Second Football League, which was the second level of the Turkish league system between 1963 and 2001. The league was called Türk Telekom Lig A in the 2006–2007 season, and was renamed to TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. As of 16 January 2008 the league was renamed as Bank Asya 1. Lig.[2][3] In April 2012 Bank Asya withdrew as sponsor of the league.[4] During the 2012–2016 seasons the league was known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig.[5] Nowadays the league is called the TFF First League once again.[6]

Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing 3rd through 6th competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two-leg (home and away) basis.

In the 2022–23 season, the 3rd team will advance directly to the play-off final and the teams finishing 4th through 7th will compete in the play-off. The fourth-placed team will play against the seventh-placed team, while the fifth-placed team will play against the sixth-placed team in a one-game format, in the home grounds of the 4th and 5th teams. In the next round, the qualified teams will compete in a two-legged format to advance to the final. The final will be held in a neutral venue.[7]

Current clubs[edit]

Team Home city Stadium Capacity
Adanaspor Adana New Adana Stadium 33,543
Altay İzmir (Alsancak) Alsancak Stadium 15,000
Ankara Keçiörengücü Ankara (Keçiören) Ankara Aktepe Stadium 4,883
Bandırmaspor Bandırma 17 Eylül Stadium 12,725
Boluspor Bolu Bolu Atatürk Stadium 8,456
Bodrum Bodrum Bodrum İlçe Stadium 4,563
Çorum F.K. Çorum Çorum Şehir Stadium 15,000
Erzurumspor F.K. Erzurum Kazım Karabekir Stadium 21,374
Eyüpspor Istanbul (Eyüp) Eyüp Stadium 2,500
Gençlerbirliği Ankara (Yenimahalle) Ankara Eryaman Stadium 20,560
Giresunspor Giresun Çotanak Sports Complex 22,028
Göztepe İzmir (Göztepe) Gürsel Aksel Stadium 19,713
Kocaelispor İzmit Kocaeli Stadium 34,712
Manisa Manisa Manisa 19 Mayıs Stadium 16,597
Sakaryaspor Adapazarı New Sakarya Stadium 28,113
Şanlıurfaspor Şanlıurfa Şanlıurfa 11 Nisan Stadium 28,965
Tuzlaspor Istanbul (Tuzla) Sancaktepe Stadium 1,920
Ümraniyespor Istanbul (Ümraniye) Ümraniye Municipality City Stadium 3,513

Winners and promoted clubs[edit]

Key
Bold Promoted to Süper Lig
Direct promotion
Play-off winners
Play-off finalists
Season Champions Runners-up 3rd Club
2001–02 Altay Elazığspor Adanaspor
2002–03 Konyaspor Çaykur Rizespor Akçaabat Sebatspor
2003–04 Sakaryaspor Kayserispor [8] Ankaraspor
2004–05 Sivasspor Manisaspor Kayseri Erciyesspor

Play-off era[edit]

Season Champions Runners-up 3rd Club 4th Club 5th Club 6th Club 7th Club
2005–06 Bursaspor Antalyaspor Altay Sakaryaspor İstanbulspor Orduspor DNQ
2006–07 Gençlerbirliği Oftaş İstanbul B.B. Malatyaspor Diyarbakırspor Kasımpaşa Altay
2007–08 Kocaelispor Antalyaspor Sakaryaspor Eskişehirspor Diyarbakırspor Boluspor
2008–09 Manisaspor Diyarbakırspor Boluspor Kasımpaşa Altay Karşıyaka
2009–10 Karabükspor Bucaspor Adanaspor Altay Karşıyaka Konyaspor
2010–11 Mersin İdman Yurdu Samsunspor Gaziantep B.B. Çaykur Rizespor Orduspor Tavşanlı Linyitspor
2011–12 Akhisarspor Elazığspor Çaykur Rizespor Kasımpaşa Konyaspor Adanaspor
2012–13 Kayseri Erciyesspor Çaykur Rizespor Manisaspor Bucaspor Konyaspor Adana Demirspor
2013–14 İstanbul B.B. Balıkesirspor Orduspor Ankaraspor Samsunspor Mersin İdman Yurdu
2014–15 Kayserispor Osmanlıspor Alanyaspor Adana Demirspor Antalyaspor Samsunspor
2015–16 Adanaspor Karabükspor Alanyaspor Adana Demirspor Elazığspor Balıkesirspor
2016–17 Sivasspor Malatyaspor Eskişehirspor Boluspor Göztepe Giresunspor
2017–18 Çaykur Rizespor MKE Ankaragücü Boluspor Ümraniyespor Erzurumspor F.K. Gazişehir Gaziantep
2018–19 Denizlispor Gençlerbirliği Hatayspor Osmanlıspor Gazişehir Gaziantep Adana Demirspor
2019–20 Hatayspor Erzurumspor F.K. Adana Demirspor Akhisarspor Fatih Karagümrük Bursaspor
2020–21 Adana Demirspor Giresunspor Samsunspor İstanbulspor Altay Altınordu
2021–22 MKE Ankaragücü Ümraniyespor Bandırmaspor İstanbulspor Erzurumspor F.K. Eyüpspor
2022–23 Samsunspor Çaykur Rizespor Pendikspor Bodrumspor Sakaryaspor Eyüpspor Göztepe

[edit]

Season Clubs
2001–02 Vestel Manisaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Adana Demirspor 1
2002–03 Karşıyaka, Türk Telekomspor, Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Karagümrük Kyoto, Sarıyer, Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor, Orduspor, Gaziantep BŞB.
2005–06 Kasımpaşa, Gençlerbirliği Asaşspor, Eskişehirspor 1
2006–07 Boluspor, Kartalspor, Giresunspor 1
2007–08 Adanaspor, Karabükspor, Güngören Belediyespor 1
2008–09 Bucaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Çanakkale Dardanelspor 1
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor, Akhisar Belediyespor, Tavşanlı Linyitspor 1
2010–11 Göztepe (White Group), Elazığspor (Red Group), Sakaryaspor 1
2011–12 Şanlıurfaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon (Red Group), Adana Demirspor 1
2012–13 Balıkesirspor (White Group), Kahramanmaraşspor (Red Group), Fethiyespor 1, Ankaraspor (Reinstated)
2013–14 Giresunspor (White Group), Altınordu (Red Group), Alanyaspor 1
2014–15 Göztepe (Red Group), Yeni Malatyaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon 1
2015–16 Manisaspor (Red Group), Ümraniyespor (White Group), Bandırmaspor 1
2016–17 MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group), Istanbulspor (White Group), Erzurumspor F.K. 1
2017–18 Altay S.K. (White Group), Hatayspor (Red Group), Afjet Afyonspor 1
2018–19 Keçiörengücü (White Group), Menemen Belediyespor (Red Group), Fatih Karagümrük 1
2019–20 Samsunspor (White Group), Bandırmaspor (Red Group), Tuzlaspor 1
2020–21 Manisa (White Group), Eyüpspor (Red Group), Kocaelispor 1
2021–22 Pendikspor (White Group), Sakaryaspor (Red Group), Bodrumspor 1
2022–23 Çorum (White Group), Kocaelispor (Red Group), Şanlıurfaspor 1

1 Third teams are play-off winners.

Relegated clubs[edit]

Season Clubs
2001–02 Hatayspor, Siirt Jetpaspor, Erciyesspor, Batman Petrolspor, Aydınspor
2002–03 Erzurumspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor, Etimesgut Şekerspor
2003–04 Adana Demirspor, Göztepe, İzmirspor
2004–05 Sarıyer, Adanaspor, Fatih Karagümrük
2005–06 Mersin İdman Yurdu, Yimpaş Yozgatspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2006–07 Türk Telekom, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Uşakspor
2007–08 Elazığspor, İstanbulspor, Mardinspor
2008–09 Sakaryaspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Malatyaspor
2009–10 Hacettepe, Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Kocaelispor
2010–11 Altay, Diyarbakırspor, Ankaraspor (expelled)
2011–12 Giresunspor, Sakaryaspor, İstanbul Güngörenspor
2012–13 Göztepe, Kartalspor, Ankaragücü
2013–14 Fethiyespor, 1461 Trabzon, Tavşanlı Linyitspor, Kahramanmaraşspor
2014–15 Manisaspor, Bucaspor, Orduspor
2015–16 1461 Trabzon, Kayseri Erciyesspor, Karşıyaka
2016–17 Şanlıurfaspor, Bandırmaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu
2017–18 Samsunspor, Manisaspor, Gaziantepspor
2018–19 Afjet Afyonspor, Elazığspor, Kardemir Karabükspor
2019–20 No relegation due to COVID-19
2020–21 Akhisarspor, Ankaraspor, Eskişehirspor
2021–22 Kocaelispor, Bursaspor, Menemenspor, Balıkesirspor
2022–23 Altınordu, Denizlispor

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Süper Lig ve 1. Lig'in İsim Sponsoru Trendyol Oldu". tff.org (in Turkish). Turkish Football Federation. 12 July 2023. Retrieved 13 July 2023.
  2. ^ (in Turkish) Türk Telekom Lig A
  3. ^ (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig becomes Bank Asya 1. Lig
  4. ^ (in Turkish) Bank Asya withdraws as sponsor
  5. ^ "1.Lig'in yeni adı PTT 1. Lig oldu - Spor Toto 1. Lig Haber Detay Sayfası TFF". www.tff.org.
  6. ^ (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig
  7. ^ "Spor Toto 1. Lig Play-Off Sistemi değiştirildi" [Play-Off Format of Spor Toto 1. Lig has been changed]. Turkish Football Federation (in Turkish). 21 July 2022. Retrieved 23 April 2023.
  8. ^ Kayserispor switched names with Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–05 Süper Lig.

External links[edit]