Bank Indonesia

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Bank Indonesia

Logo of Bank Indonesia

Bank Indonesia headquarters
Headquarters Jakarta, Indonesia
Established 1 July 1953
Governor Perry Warjiyo
Central bank of Indonesia
Currency Indonesian rupiah
IDR (ISO 4217)
Website www.bi.go.id

Bank Indonesia (BI) is the central bank of the Republic of Indonesia. Perry Warjiyo is the current governor. The last governor before Perry Warjiyo was Agus Martowardojo who completed his five-year term of office in May 2018. Perry Warjiyo was sworn in for a five year term (2018-2023) by president Joko Widodo on 24 May 2018.

History[edit]

The office of De Javasche Bank in Batavia (old Jakarta), presently the Bank Indonesia Museum.

King William I of the Netherlands granted the right to create a bank in the Indies in 1826 which was named "De Javasche bank" or "The Java Bank". It was founded on 24 January 1828 and later became the circulation bank of the Dutch East Indies. The bank regulated and issued the Netherlands Indies gulden.

In 1881, an office of the Java Bank was opened in Amsterdam. Later followed the opening of an office in New York. By 1930 the bank owned sixteen office branches in the Dutch East-Indies: Bandung, Cirebon, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Surabaja, Malang, Kediri, Banda Aceh, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Banjarmasin, Pontianak, Makassar, and Manado.

The Java Bank was operated as a private bank and individuals as well as industries etc. could get help in the bank’s offices.[1]

The branch of De Javasche Bank in Bandung, built in 1918, it is a museum today.

Bank Indonesia was founded on 1 July 1953 from the nationalisation of De Javasche Bank, three years after the recognition of Indonesia's independence by Netherlands. [2]

For the next 15 years, the Bank of Indonesia carried on commercial activities as well as acting as the nation’s national bank and is in charge in issuing Rupiah currency.

This came to an end with the Law No.13/1968 on the Central Bank, which was subsequently replaced by Law No.23/1999, giving the bank independence.

Thereafter, the bank reported to the parliament (People's Representative Council) instead of the president, and the bank’s governor was no longer a member of the cabinet.

Organization[edit]

The bank is led by the board of governors, comprising the governor, a senior deputy governor and at between four and seven deputy governors.

The governor and deputy governors serve a five-year term, and are eligible for re-election for a maximum of two terms. The governor and senior deputy governor are nominated and appointed by the president, with approval from the People's Representative Council. Deputy governors are nominated by the governor and appointed by the president, with approval of the People's Representative Council. The president has no power to dismiss a member of the board, except when a board member voluntarily resigns, is permanently handicapped, or is proven guilty of criminal offence.

The Board of Governors Meeting is the bank’s highest decision-making forum. It is held at least once a month to decide on general policy on monetary affairs, and at least once a week to evaluate policy implementation or to decide on other strategic and principle policy.

The Bank is active in promoting financial inclusion policy and is a leading member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion. It hosted AFI's second annual Global Policy Forum (GPF) [3] in Bali, Indonesia in 2010. On 14 May 2012 Bank Indonesia announced it would be making specific commitments to financial inclusion under the Maya Declaration.

By 30 December 2013, the bank's microprudential supervision functions will be transferred to Financial Services Authority (Indonesia). In the future, the bank will maintain Indonesian financial system and monetary stability through mixture of monetary and macroprudential instruments and policies.

Strategic objectives[edit]

The Bank describes its strategic objectives as being [4]:

  1. Maintain monetary stability
  2. Maintain the financial sustainability of the Bank of Indonesia
  3. Strengthen the effectiveness of monetary management
  4. Create a sound and effective banking system and financial system stability
  5. Maintain the security and effectiveness of the payment system
  6. Increase the effectiveness of Good Governance implementation
  7. Strengthen the organisation and build highly competent human resources with the support of a knowledge-based work culture
  8. Integrate the Bank of Indonesia's transformation in line with Bank Indonesia's destination statement of 2008

National Payment Gateway[edit]

The aim is to integrate all Automated Teller Machines in ASEAN countries, beginning with integration first in each country. On 16 January 2012 interconnection between Bank Mandiri ATMs and Bank Central Asia ATMs (Prima ATMs) was launched.[3]

Bank Indonesia Liquidity Support[edit]

Bank Indonesia Liquidity Support is an Indonesian government policy that was formulated with Bank Indonesia in the crisis period and executed by Bank Indonesia to rescue the monetary and banking system as well as the economy as a whole. It was partly based on the instruction and command of the President in the limited meeting of economic, finance, and development supervision and production and distribution on 3 September 1997.

This policy was provided under various emergency lending schemes (Fasilitas Diskonto I/Fasdis I, Fasdis II, Fasilitas SBPU, Fasilitas SBPUK, Fasilitas Diskonto Baru and Dana Talangan).

Offices[edit]

BI operates 37 offices across Indonesia, and four representative offices in New York City, London, Tokyo and Singapore. In addition, Bank Indonesia also operates a well-appointed museum (Museum Bank Indonesia) which is housed in the former De Javasche Bank head office building in old Jakarta (Kota).

Indonesian offices[edit]

Bank Indonesia have branches in almost all major cities of Indonesia.

Worldwide representative offices[edit]

  • Singapore Singapore: 160 Robinson Road #28-05, SBF Center Singapore 068914.[4]
  • United Kingdom London: 10 City Road, London EC 1Y 2EH.
  • Japan Tokyo: New Kokusai Building Room 906 No.4 - 1, Marunouchi 3 - Chome Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-0005 Japan.
  • United States New York: One Liberty Plaza 165 Broadway, 31st floor New York N.Y. 10006.[5]

List of Governors[edit]

Name Period
Tuan Jusuf Muda Dalam 1963–1966
Radius Prawiro 1966–1973
Rachmat Saleh 1973–1983
Arifin Siregar 1983–1988
Adrianus Mooy 1988–1993
J. Soedradjad Djiwandono 1993–1998
Syahril Sabirin 1998–2003
Burhanuddin Abdullah 2003–2008
Boediono 2008–2010
Darmin Nasution 2010–2013
Agus Martowardojo 2013–2018
Perry Warjiyo 2018–

The appointment of the Governor of Bank Indonesia is subject to Parliamentary approval. Normally, the Indonesian President nominates one or several candidates for the Parliament to consider. For example, in 2009 Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati was proposed as a candidate for governor of BI. However, the proposal that she become Governor did not proceed and she later left the cabinet on in May 2010 and moved to the World Bank Group as Managing Director.[6]

Later, in March 2013, panel of Indonesian parliamentary members approved the then-Finance Minister Agus Martowardojo as the central bank governor for the period 2013-2018.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dirk Teeuwen, no date. Javasche Bank, the Old Dutch City Hospital of Batavia-Jakarta and the Mandiri Bank Museum.
  2. ^ Brief useful notes on the history of Bank Indonesia for various periods since 1953 are on the Bank Indonesia website at History of Bank Indonesia Instituion. See also Cribb, Robert & Kahin, Audrey (2004). Historical Dictionary of Indonesia. Historical dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-0-8108-4935-8. 
  3. ^ "Senin Besok, ATM Mandiri Mulai Koneksi BCA". 14 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "MASNET". mas.gov.sg. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  5. ^ "Halaman Tidak Dapat Ditemukan - Bank Sentral Republik Indonesia". bi.go.id. Retrieved 7 July 2015. 
  6. ^ [1] and [2]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°10′54″S 106°49′17″E / 6.18167°S 106.82139°E / -6.18167; 106.82139