Bank Indonesia

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Bank Indonesia
Logo of Bank Indonesia
Bank Indonesia headquarters
HeadquartersJakarta, Indonesia
Established1 July 1953
Central bank ofIndonesia
CurrencyIndonesian rupiah
IDR (ISO 4217)
Websitewww.bi.go.id

Bank Indonesia (BI) is the central bank of the Republic of Indonesia. Perry Warjiyo[1] is its current governor.

History[edit]

The office of De Javasche Bank in Batavia (old Jakarta), presently the Bank Indonesia Museum.

King William I of the Netherlands granted the right to create a private bank in the Indies in 1826 which was named De Javasche Bank (Bank of Java). It was founded on 24 January 1828 and later became the circulation bank of the Dutch East Indies. The bank regulated and issued the Netherlands Indies gulden.

In 1881, an office of De Javasche Bank was opened in Amsterdam. Later followed the opening of an office in New York. By 1930 the bank owned sixteen office branches in the Dutch East Indies: Bandung, Cirebon, Semarang, Yogyakarta, Surakarta, Surabaya, Malang, Kediri, Banda Aceh, Medan, Padang, Palembang, Banjarmasin, Pontianak, Makassar, and Manado.

De Javasche Bank was operated as a private bank and individuals as well as industries etc. could get help in the bank's offices.[2]

The branch of De Javasche Bank in Bandung, built in 1918, it is a museum today.

Bank Indonesia was founded on 1 July 1953 from the nationalisation of De Javasche Bank, three years after the recognition of Indonesia's independence by Netherlands. [3]

For the next 15 years, Bank Indonesia carried on commercial activities as well as acting as the nation's national bank and is in charge in issuing Indonesian rupiah currency. This came to an end with the Act No. 13 of 1968 on the Central Bank, transforming Bank Indonesia as a central bank.

The act was subsequently replaced by Act No. 23 of 1999, giving the bank independence from governmental control. Thereafter, the bank reported to the parliament (DPR) instead of the President, and the bank's governor was no longer a member of the cabinet.

Organization[edit]

The bank is led by the board of governors, comprising the governor, a senior deputy governor and at between four and seven deputy governors.

The governor and deputy governors serve a five-year term, and are eligible for re-election for a maximum of two terms. The governor and senior deputy governor are nominated and appointed by the president, with approval from the DPR. Deputy governors are nominated by the governor and appointed by the president, with approval of the DPR. The president has no power to dismiss a member of the board, except when a board member voluntarily resigns, is permanently handicapped, or is proven guilty of criminal offence. The senior deputy governor acts as governor in the case of the latter's office vacancy.

The Board of Governors Meeting is the bank's highest decision-making forum. It is held at least once a month to decide on general policy on monetary affairs, and at least once a week to evaluate policy implementation or to decide on other strategic and principle policy.

The Bank is active in promoting financial inclusion policy and is a leading member of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion. It hosted AFI's second annual Global Policy Forum (GPF) [1] in Bali, Indonesia in 2010. On 14 May 2012 Bank Indonesia announced it would be making specific commitments to financial inclusion under the Maya Declaration.

By 30 December 2013, the bank's microprudential supervision functions will be transferred to Financial Services Authority (OJK). In the future, the bank will maintain Indonesian financial system and monetary stability through mixture of monetary and macroprudential instruments and policies. In the future, the bank will maintain Indonesian financial system and monetary stability through mixture of monetary and macroprudential instruments and policies. The Financial Services Authority institutive law (law n° 21 of 2011 enacted on 31 December 2012) followed the US$710 million baylout of Bank Century[4] and the receivership 21 other national private banks.[5]

Strategic objectives[edit]

The Bank describes its strategic objectives as being [2]:

  1. Maintain monetary stability
  2. Maintain the financial sustainability of the Bank of Indonesia
  3. Strengthen the effectiveness of monetary management
  4. Create a sound and effective banking system and financial system stability
  5. Maintain the security and effectiveness of the payment system
  6. Increase the effectiveness of Good Governance implementation
  7. Strengthen the organisation and build highly competent human resources with the support of a knowledge-based work culture
  8. Integrate the Bank of Indonesia's transformation in line with Bank Indonesia's destination statement of 2008

National Payment Gateway[edit]

The aim is to integrate all Automated Teller Machines in ASEAN countries, beginning with integration first in each country. On 16 January 2012 interconnection between Bank Mandiri ATMs and Bank Central Asia ATMs (Prima ATMs) was launched.[6]

Bank Indonesia Liquidity Support[edit]

Bank Indonesia Liquidity Support is an Indonesian government policy that was formulated with Bank Indonesia in the crisis period and executed by Bank Indonesia to rescue the monetary and banking system as well as the economy as a whole. It was partly based on the instruction and command of the President in the limited meeting of economic, finance, and development supervision and production and distribution on 3 September 1997.

This policy was provided under various emergency lending schemes (Fasilitas Diskonto I/Fasdis I, Fasdis II, Fasilitas SBPU, Fasilitas SBPUK, Fasilitas Diskonto Baru and Dana Talangan).

Offices[edit]

BI operates 37 offices across Indonesia, and five representative offices in New York City, London, Tokyo, Singapore and Beijing. In addition, Bank Indonesia also operates a well-appointed museum (Museum Bank Indonesia) which is housed in the former De Javasche Bank head office building in old Jakarta (Kota).

Indonesian offices[edit]

Bank Indonesia have branches in almost all major cities of Indonesia.

Worldwide representative offices[edit]

  • Singapore Singapore: 160 Robinson Road #28-05, SBF Center Singapore 068914.[7]
  • United Kingdom London: 10 City Road, London EC 1Y 2EH.
  • Japan Tokyo: New Kokusai Building Room 906 No.4 - 1, Marunouchi 3 - Chome Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 100-0005 Japan.
  • United States New York: One Liberty Plaza 165 Broadway, 31st floor New York N.Y. 10006.[8]
  • China Beijing: Fortune Financial Center Building Lt. 46, 5 Dongsanhuan Road, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100020

List of Governors[edit]

Name Period
Sjafruddin Prawiranegara 1953–1958
Kaiyo ho 1958–1959
Soetikno Slamet 1959–1960
Soemarno 1960–1963
Jusuf Muda Dalam 1963–1966
Radius Prawiro 1966–1973
Rachmat Saleh 1973–1983
Arifin Siregar 1983–1988
Adrianus Mooy 1988–1993
J. Soedradjad Djiwandono 1993–1998
Syahril Sabirin 1998–2003
Burhanuddin Abdullah 2003–2008
Boediono 2008–2010
Darmin Nasution 2010–2013
Agus Martowardojo 2013–2018
Perry Warjiyo 2018–present

Bibliography[edit]

  • J. Soedradjad Djiwandono. 2005. Bank Indonesia and the Crisis: An Insider's View. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. ISBN 978-981-230-308-0
  • Miranda S. Goeltom. 2008. Essays in Macroeconomic Policy: The Indonesian Experience. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. ISBN 978-979-22-3339-1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Purnomo, Herdaru. "Top! Perry Warjiyo Jadi Gubernur of The Year se-Asia Pasifik". CNBC Indonesia. CNBC Indonesia. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  2. ^ Dirk Teeuwen, no date. Javasche Bank, the Old Dutch City Hospital of Batavia-Jakarta and the Mandiri Bank Museum.
  3. ^ Brief useful notes on the history of Bank Indonesia for various periods since 1953 are on the Bank Indonesia website at "History of Bank Indonesia Institution". See also Cribb, Robert & Kahin, Audrey (2004). Historical Dictionary of Indonesia. Historical dictionaries of Asia, Oceania, and the Middle East (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: Scarecrow Press. pp. 45–46. ISBN 978-0-8108-4935-8.
  4. ^ John Berthelsen (12 November 2015). "Indonesia's Bank Century Mess Goes Global".
  5. ^ Bambang Panji Gunawan; Surti Yustianti; Abdul Majid Tahir Mohamed; Suyatno (7 July 2019). Authority of Regulation and Supervision Banking and Financial Services Authorities (PDF). 9. p. 11. ISSN 2222-6990. OCLC 8569024969. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 October 2020.
  6. ^ "Senin Besok, ATM Mandiri Mulai Koneksi BCA". 14 January 2012.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ "MASNET". mas.gov.sg. Archived from the original on 1 August 2013. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Halaman Tidak Dapat Ditemukan - Bank Sentral Republik Indonesia". bi.go.id. Retrieved 7 July 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 6°10′54″S 106°49′17″E / 6.18167°S 106.82139°E / -6.18167; 106.82139