Bank Melli Iran

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National Bank of Iran
State-owned enterprise
IndustryBanking, financial services
Founded1927; 92 years ago (1927)
HeadquartersTehran, Iran
Area served
Worldwide
Key people
Mohammad Reza Hosseinzadeh (chairman)
ProductsConsumer banking, corporate banking, finance and insurance, investment banking, mortgage loans, wealth management, credit cards,
RevenueUS$10.510 billion (2015)[1]
Number of employees
39.305[2]
Websitebmi.ir

Bank Melli Iran (BMI; Persian: بانک ملی ایران‎, lit. 'National Bank of Iran') is the first national and commercial retail bank of Iran. It is considered as the largest Iranian company in terms of annual income with a revenue of 364 657 billion Rials in 2016.[3] It is the largest bank in the Islamic world and in the Middle East.[3] By the end of 2016, BMI had a net asset of $76.6 billion and a vast network of 3.328 banking branches; so it is known as the largest Iranian bank based on the amount of assets. The brand of BMI was recognized as one of the 100 top Iranian brands in 10th National Iranian Heroes Championship in 2013.[4] The National Bank has 3328 active branches inside, 14 active branches and 4 sub-stations abroad and it has 180 booths.[5] The first managing director of BMI was Kurt Lindenblatt from Germany. Also, the first foreign branch of BMI was opened in Hamburg, Germany in 1948.

History[edit]

The formation of a new bank was first proposed by Haj Mohammad Hassan Amin Dar al-Zarb known as Amināl-Zarb (one of the great Tehran stockholders) in 1879 ten years before the creation of the King Bank, to Naser-al-Din Shah Qajar.[6] But this proposal was not accepted with the interference of the countries that dominated Iran and their agents. Instead, the King Bank was established in Iran. After the establishment of the constitution, when the government allowed the National Assembly to allow external borrowing, the national feelings were excited that had been hurt by past loans and the behavior of foreign banks. So, the deputies demanded the establishment of the National Bank in order to curtail the political and economic influence of said banks and restore the treasury finances while opposing external borrowing.[7] A group of traders and merchants committed to participate in the bank. Thus, it was published with a statement that showed the general feelings and popular interest in establishing a national credit bank in Iran in December 1906.[8]

The Logos for Bank Melli Iran before and after Islamic Revolution in Iran
National Bank of Iran, painting in 1928

On 23 November 1906, Mirza Abolqasem Nasser al-Malik, the Minister of Finance of the time of Muzaffar al-Din Shah, was present in the National Assembly. He announced the financial crisis of the country. He suggested that the government get a loan from European countries to deal with this problem, but the deputies dissented strongly. After that, on 9 December, the deputies agreed to establish a bank that could benefit the country and work with people's deposits in the interests of the country and the people. The news of Bank Melli formation with a capital of 15 million (300 million) that could be increased to 50 million Tomans faced with the nation's eagerness.

On the other hand, sudden changes in the political situation and the 1907 agreement between the governments of Russia and Britain and the division of Iran, as well as the beginning of the First World War and the arrival of occupation forces in Iran, have undermined all efforts to form the National Bank.[9] This great wish of people was postponed for many years. Finally, by the end of First World War and withdrawal of invaders from Iran, the law for establishing the National Bank of Iran was approved by the parliament on 14 May 1927. The statute of bank was approved by the Parliament's Finance Committee on 14 July 1928. Thus, the National Bank of Iran officially started its work in Tehran on Tuesday, 20 September 1928.

The first CEO of the National Bank, Kurt Lindenblatt, and his vice-president, Fogel, came to Iran with 70 experts from Germany.

Commemorative gold medal issued in 1976/7 by the Bank Melli on the occasion of the Golden jubilee of the Pahlavi dynasty

According to the statute of bank, the National Bank of Iran was recognized as joint-stock company with legal personality; it was considered to be subject to commercial laws. The initial capital of the bank was 20 million Rials, of which only 8 million were paid. In 1935, the bank's capital increased to 300 million Rials and in 1952 it was increased to 2 billion Rials, all of which was paid. At present, it is187 trillion Rials with an increase in 2016.

Due to the fact that there were no bank specialists in Iran at that time, the law allowed the recruitment of Swiss or German nationals for the administration of the bank. The number of bank employees on the opening day, including Iranian and German, did not exceed 27. Now, the number of employees of BMI is over 45 thousand people.

Gold Commemorative Medal for 50th Anniversary of Bank Melli Iran Foundation

At the beginning of establishment of the bank, two branches were established in the market of Tehran and Bandar-e Bushhehr, the most important commercial port of Iran, in addition to the central branch. The first bank branch abroad was established in Hamburg, Germany, in 1948.[10]

Commemorative Stamps and Silver Medals for 90th Anniversary of Bank Melli Iran

On 22 March 1931, the right to publish the banknote was approved by the National Assembly. It was officially granted to the National Bank of Iran for 10 years, which could be renewed on its own. In April 1932, the first banknote of BMI was issued.

Saving Fund: saving fund of Bank Melli Iran was established under a law to encourage people to save money in 1939. It is one of the active units of the bank after establishment of Islamic banking system as a cash loan.

After the Islamic Revolution[edit]

After victory of Islamic Revolution and establishment of Islamic Republic sovereignty, the change in banking system and elimination of usury and creation of a bank were considered based on Islamic teachings and laws. By adoption of lawful bill of bank operation without any usury in 1983 and its communication to banks, the instructions and executive regulations were prepared. Then, the law was implemented in BMI since April 1984.

Currently, there are more than 3328 active branches inside, 14 active branches and 4 subsidiaries abroad and 180 offices, which has made it one of the strongest financial institutions in Iran, even in the world.

The 20 Rials Pahlavi coin had two pictures: On one side, there was image of Reza Pahlavi with the words of Reza Shah: Establishment of BMI was one of the long-term wishes of my nation, and on the other side was the image of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi with the written: Establishment of BMI was one of the real foundations of independence of Iran.

Museum of BMI[edit]

The Museum of BMI was opened with the presence of Eshaq Jahangiri, the first vice president on 21 July 2017. The Museum of BMI was opened with a collection of exquisite works of art, especially banking treasures from various historical periods of Iran, at savings fund building. The National Bank of Iran has ancient objects from Achaemenid, Sasanian and precious artistic works, including fine paintings, lines, rugs and blankets. So, the objectives of establishing BMI Museum is displaying old and historical banking instruments, as well as gifts from various countries during the activity of BMI. The building of BMI Fund was constructed at Ferdowsi Street in Tehran in 1928; it was registered in the category of national works of Iran on 20 December 2000 by number of 2930. This building was designed by a German architect H. Heinrich, inspired by remained Achaemenid periodic buildings and combination of Iranian and European architecture. In this museum, a comprehensive collection of historical gifts of the bank, office equipment and banknote printing machine, ancient paintings, coins, old banknotes and ceremonial bank items are publicly displayed.[11]

Banknote printing[edit]

On 22 March 1931, the National Assembly handed over the right to BMI to print the banknote for 10 years. Also, it was decided that, after expiration of this period, if this right was not canceled, it would act for next ten years.

Finally, first National Banknotes were issued on 1 April 1932. The banknotes of Imperial Bank and National Bank of Iran were prevalent from that date to three months. The banknotes of BMI have become the only paper money in Iran since July of that year.

By 1960, BMI was issuing banknotes for its economic needs. However, that year, upon establishment of Central Bank of Iran, the exclusive right to issue banknotes was transferred to this bank, which is still ongoing.

Fund[edit]

From the beginning of establishment, BMI was a public company; its initial capital was 20 million Rials divided to 20 thousand shares of thousand Rials (13,500 shares with name and 6,500 anonymous shares). But, the transfer of bank shares to non-state shareholders was banned in 1938. In 1935, the capital of BMI increased to 300 million Rials and increased to 2 billion Rials in 1952.

Due to banking system constraints, the National Bank carried out all duties of Central Bank in the economy before 1956. After establishment of Central Bank of Iran, the duties were assigned to this bank. The last registered capital of National Bank was 198 thousand and 565 billion and 600 million Rials in June 2017.[12]

Social responsibilities[edit]

The activities of BMI in the field of social responsibilities have always been considered from organizational and personnel perspectives. The large family of BMI has always played a role as a cornerstone of society in reviving these tasks, in addition to systemic and official activities.

Social Organizational Responsibilities[edit]

  • Public Utilities Projects: At present, the bank has been involved in 39 public utilities project more than 114 billion Rials.[13]
  • Children Support.[14]
  • Support for cultural and scientific projects.[15]
  • Support for sports plans for releasing Diya prisoners .[16]
  • School building.[17]

Islamic banking[edit]

All banks in Iran must follow the banking principles and practices described in the Islamic Banking (Sharia) law of Iran passed in 1983 by the Islamic Majlis of Iran.[18] According to this law, banks can only engage in interest-free Islamic transactions (interest is considered as usury or riba and is forbidden by Islam and its holy book the Quran). The permitted commercial transactions involve exchange of goods and services in return for a share of the assumed profit. All such transactions are performed through Islamic contracts, such as mozarebe, foroush aghsati, joale, salaf, and gharzol-hassane. Details of these contracts and related practices are contained in the Iranian Interest-Free banking law and its guidelines.

Achievements[edit]

2017[edit]

  • National Statue of Superior Product Innovation "Baam", 2017
  • Ranked first in top banking innovations at Dr. Nourbakhsh Festival, 2017
  • Selected in Dr. Nourbakhsh Festival in 7@th Annual Conference of Electronic Banking and Payment Systems, 2017
  • Acknowledgment of studies center and planning the country's fuel stations 2017
  • International Standard Certification ISO 10002: 2014
  • Granting the Golden Statue of Public Relations to the National Bank, 2017
  • The Ministry of Education's appreciation of BMI function on developing and equipping the schools, 2017
  • Appreciation of Foundation of Martyrs and Veterans Affairs, 2017
  • Payam Noor University appreciation of Public Relations Office of National Bank of Iran, 2017
  • Ministry of Economic and Finance Affairs is honored by Public Relations Office of National Bank of Iran, 2017
  • The appreciation of Industry, Mining and Trade Ministry from BMI, 2017
  • National Bank of Iran ranked among the top 500 Iranian companies in 2017
  • General Director of Mazandaran Blood Transfusion`s appreciation of Public Relations of BMI, 2017
  • Appreciation of Kahrizak Charity Foundation, 2017
  • Statue of Customer Satisfaction at National Conference on the Construction of Iran
  • Statue of Public Relations, Industry, National Production Conference[19]
  • The title of superior public relations by the branches department of Hamedan province, 2017
  • Participation of BMI in thirty-third period of International Qur'an Competitions, 2017

2016[edit]

  • Ranked first in top banking innovations at Dr. Nourbakhsh Festival, 2016
  • Special Award of the Governor of Tehran in 2016
  • obtaining three top ranks among 500 companies, February 2015
  • obtaining three top ranks among 500 companies, February 2015
  • Gold Statue of Public Relations, Jan. 2015
  • Appreciation of First Vice President, "Village Day Meeting”
  • Cultural Heritage Organization appreciation of Iran National Bank, October 2015
  • 10th Public Relations Publicity Festival, August 27, 2015
  • Appreciation of Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation from National Bank, 2015
  • central bank's appreciation of the National Bank "Chakavak Design", 2015
  • governor of Lorestan`s appreciation of managing director, May 2015
  • the governor of Lorestan and Khorramabad Cities deputy`s appreciation of managing director, April 2015

Number of employees[edit]

Serving condition table of BMI employees by gender[20]

status female male total
Employed 3,263 36,042 39,305
Employment status, 105 is disabled 0 460 460
Martyr (employed: 9, retired: 50) 2 57 59
retired prematurely 616 3,402 4,018
Other retirees 1,618 14,505 16,123
Dead (salaried: 7536) 67 5,146 5,213
total 5,566 59,612 65,178

National Bank Hospital[edit]

The Hospital of BMI was established to provide health care and to meet the medical needs of its employees in 1938. Following this, the current building of the Bank Hospital was built in 1973. Currently, this unit is located in a 9-story building with an area of about 24,000 square meters; it has 250 beds, about 800 staff, 11 clinics and 14 departments; it uses modern medical equipment to serve the health of the staff of BMI. The health clinics are also located in different locations to meet the needs of the clients in order to provide facilities for those employees of BMI who do not have access to the Bank's Hospital.

Services of National Bank Hospital:

  • Providing health care services to employees of BMI and their relatives
  • Admission of hospitalized patients and providing medical and paramedical services
  • Admission of outpatients and providing relevant services
First series of 5 Rials banknote of Reza Shah era

Financial numbers and statistics[edit]

Bank Melli Iran Building in Tabriz
One of the branches of Melli bank in Nishapur
Bank Melli Iran Building in Shiraz

As of 16 June 2008 (1 USD is approximately 9,313 Iranian rial (Rls)):[21]

  • Total assets = Rls 360,517 billion
  • Capitalization = Rls 36,487 billion
  • Net income after tax = Rls 772 billion
  • Total loans = Rls 163,595 billion
  • Number of branches = 3,300
  • Number of employees = 43,000
  • Bank Melli Iran (BMI) has offered close to 30 percent of all credits to economic, production, industrial and services sectors.[22]
  • Online banking services offered by Bank Melli have registered a 370-percent growth in 2008.[23]

Current CEO and directors[edit]

  • Mohammad Reza Hosseinzadeh (Chairman)
  • Gholamreza Panahi
  • Seyed Valiollah Fatemi Ardakani
  • Barat Karimi

Debts and claims[edit]

Mohammad Reza Hosseinzadeh, director of BMI, announced that the Islamic Republic of Iran owes over 220,000 billion Rials to BMI.[24] In 2009, the announcement of Mahmoud Reza Khavari's talks with ISNA news agency was published on the debt of 50 trillion Rials of Iranian government to the bank and the government's inability to repay the debt.[25] But then, the news of "the government's inability to pay the debt" was denied by Khavari[26]

Significant buildings[edit]

Sanduq-e Pas-Andaz-e Bank Melli Iran Building, 1964
  • Ferdowsi Building – Ferdowsi Avenue, Tehran

Offices[edit]

Bank Melli Iran has 18 international branches and services in 11 countries:

Terrorist bombing[edit]

On 26 January 1981, a bomb exploded outside the San Francisco offices of Bank Melli Iran. According to the National Memorial Institute for the Prevention of Terrorism, a bomb exploded at BMI branch in San Francisco, shattering windows and damaging the wall of the building where the explosive was planted. No injuries were reported and no arrests were made.[citation needed]

Bank services[edit]

Rial deposits and services[edit]

  • housing special plan
  • Long-term investment
  • Short-term investment
  • Normal loan
  • Current loan
  • Rental boxes
  • Guaranteed urban encoder check
  • Bank check between banks
  • Sale of securities
  • Service plan
  • Working out bank
  • Bank operations forms

Facilities and Rial contracts[edit]

  • housing special plan
  • Rial Warranty
  • Investment plans
  • plan execution Ju'alah
  • Loan facilities
  • villages housing Ju'alah
  • house repairs Ju'alah
  • car purchase
  • Buying basic goods
  • Civil partnership contract
  • Lease on condition
  • Future (forward) contract
  • Mudarabah contract
  • Facilities at preferential rate

Deposits and currency facilities[edit]

  • Currency guarantee
  • Qard Al-Hasan deposit
  • Investment deposits
  • Terms of opening an account at abroad branches
  • Transferring inventory from abroad branches
  • swift
  • Account for companies residing in Iran
  • Get a travel currency
  • Currency Transfers
  • Credits
  • Finance / refinance
  • Currency Facilities

Electronic Services[edit]

  • Real customers systems (edit)
  • Internet Banking System "Baam”
  • Internet Banking (Saba)
  • Melli Baam mobile bank
  • Melli Mobile Bank (Hamrah Bank Melli)
  • Messenger Yes
  • Bank officer
  • Internet Service (bill)
  • buy charge
  • Melli @
  • Melli market
  • Melli fund
  • Request a Facility
  • SMS via centralized system (SAPTA)
  • Real time gross settlement (RTGS)
  • E-bank remittance (SAHAB)
  • Collecting and depositing checks (KELLER)
  • Tracking the status of non-direct payments
  • Tracking the status of assignment checks
  • Get the Sheba ID
  • Register and track the inconsistency of acceleration
  • Electronic toll collection (ETC)
  • Security Tips
  • Security solutions reducing user-side malware risk

Juridical customers systems[edit]

  • Internet Banking SABA (BIB)
  • Instantaneous inquiry (SANI)
  • Bina system
  • Reports system of documents registration organization
  • Reporting by Judiciary
  • National identity of juridical persons

Other Electronic Bank Services[edit]

  • Pay bills
  • Telephone Bank
  • ATM
  • ATM Festival
  • Kiosk
  • POS terminals
  • Shahab Melli Branches
  • Night-time bases
  • Online Payment Portal Request
  • Internet Payment Gateway ( IPG )
  • Online stock trading
  • Administrative and judicial measures (SIAGH)

Credit Cards[edit]

  • Melli Card
  • Family Melli Card
  • Gift card
  • link Card
  • Hilal Ahmar Youth Cards
  • Coupon card
  • Tourist card
  • Other bank cards
  • Getting decentralized facilities card number
  • Melli Card Insurance
  • Recording problems of receiving the card
  • Withdrawal cash from ATM without credit card

Civil lawsuit[edit]

Following the September 1997 suicide bombing in Jerusalem, five American students who had been wounded were awarded $251 million in compensatory and punitive damages against the government of Iran and the Iranian Revolutionary Guard Corps by Judge Ricardo M. Urbina, under the Flatow Amendment of the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act, in accordance with Section 201a of the Terrorism Risk Insurance Act of 2002, which states that "in every case in which a person has obtained a judgment against a terrorist party on a claim based upon an act of terrorism ... the blocked assets of that terrorist party ... shall be subject to execution". Since most Iranian assets in the United States had been withdrawn after the embassy hostage crisis, the only substantial monetary asset left was approximately $150,000 in the Bank Melli's account in the Bank of New York. Before turning over the funds to the five students, however, the Bank of New York sued for a legal decision regarding its responsibilities in the case. The United States Department of Justice, speaking as amicus curiae in support of Bank Melli, advised that the bank had no responsibility for turning the funds over to the students; in March 2006, Judge Denise Cole ruled against them, and was upheld by the Second Circuit Court in April 2007. Bank Melli then withdrew the funds from Bank of New York.[27]

On 5 March 2018, Bank Melli lost an appeal "related to credit card use in Iran" concerning "roughly $17.6 million that Visa Inc and Franklin Resources Inc" were holding for Bank Melli.[28]

United States sanctions[edit]

On 25 October 2007, the United States imposed unilateral sanctions against Iran. These sanctions include new measures to reduce Iran's ability to conduct financial transactions between the state-owned banks of Iran and United States citizens or private organisations.[29] Bank Melli was included in these sanctions, on the grounds that, besides its other customers, Bank Melli provides financial services to Iran's nuclear and ballistic missile programmes.[29] A fact sheet released by the US Treasury Department also asserts that between 2002 and 2006 Bank Melli sent at least $100 million to Hamas, Palestinian Islamic Jihad, Hezbollah and other groups, via the Quds Force, a branch of the Iranian Revolutionary Guard.[27]

In a statement published on its web site, BMI refutes the US allegations and categorically denies that it has ever been involved in any "deceptive banking practices".[30]

European Union sanctions[edit]

On 16 June 2008, the European Union imposed further unilateral sanctions against Iran. These sanctions will include the European Union freezing the assets of Bank Melli, in response to Tehran's refusal to suspend its uranium enrichment program.[31] After the lifting of sanctions BMI was the first Iranian bank to be reconnected to Swift.[32]

Subsidiaries[edit]

Sadad data company[edit]

In 1999, Sadad Data Company was registered at Companies Registration Office and Non-commercial Enterprises under the number 151478 for an indefinite period of time.

Publishing company of BMI[edit]

After assignment of right to publish banknotes to BMI, a limited organization was created to publish the date of issue on banknotes. This organization evolved along with development of BMI; it was known as "BMI Printing House". This printing house, which was founded by the name of "printing shop" in 1938, gradually became one of the most prestigious printing houses in the country and in the Middle East. The printing needs of branches of BMI were also fulfilling throughout the country in addition to providing print services to government agencies. Printing company of BMI received the publication license from Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance in order to allow publication of book and magazine; so it renamed "BMI Printing and Publishing Company".

National Development Group[edit]

The National Development Group's investment is a conglomerate company (cluster company). Which is accepted on the Tehran Stock Exchange and this cluster company consists of several holding companies (parent company) which includes the following companies

1- Seydko Cement Industries

2- Holding food industry in Behshahr

3- Holding the Iranian Power Plant

4- Holdings of Iran Transfo Group

5- Tangible rubber holding

6- Pharmaceutical holding

7. National Development Investment

8- Arak Petrochemical Industries Shareholders of National Development Group Investment Company:

The National Bank of Iran owns 71 percent of the company's shares. Other shareholders of the company are as follows

Pension fund and disability pension 8%

Sector Capital Management Services 2%

Tedbir Investment Company 1%

Iran Insurance Company 1%

Eurasian Economic Management Company 1%

Brokerage of BMI[edit]

Currency Exchange Company of BMI[edit]

Pouya Pioneer Capital Development Corporation[edit]

Pouya Future Design and Development Company[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Top 100 Iranian Companies". Archived from the original on 12 June 2018.
  2. ^ Top 100 Iranian Companies Archived 9 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b What are the top companies in Iran?” Industrial Management Organization, 2016.
  4. ^ افزار, رضا کیا، مدیریت عملیات و پشتیبانی نرم. "تاریخچه". sadad.co.ir (in Persian). Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  5. ^ "ٓبرندهای ارزشمند ایران معرفی شدند/ رویکردی متفاوت در با شکوه‌ترین جشن سالانه صنعت". www.khabaronline.ir (in Persian). Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  6. ^ "آشنایی با بانک ملی ایران". www.hamshahrionline.ir. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  7. ^ "نگاهی به بانک ملی در ۸۷ سالگی". پایگاه خبری نقدینه. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  8. ^ "درباره بانک :: تاريخچه بانک ملی ايران" (in Persian). Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  9. ^ "اخبار بانک ملی ایران". www.bminews.ir. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  10. ^ "افتتاح موزه بانک ملی ایران – سازمان میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری". سازمان میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری (in Persian). 10 March 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  11. ^ "افتتاح موزه بانک ملی ایران – سازمان میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری". سازمان میراث فرهنگی، صنایع دستی و گردشگری (in Persian). Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  12. ^ "سرمایه جدید بانک ملی ایران به ثبت رسید". www.iscanews.ir (in Persian). 18 October 2017. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  13. ^ "مشاركت 114 ميليارد ريالي بانك ملي ايران در 39 طرح عام المنفعه" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  14. ^ "بانک ملی ایران" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  15. ^ "بانک ملی ایران" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  16. ^ "بانک ملی ایران" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  17. ^ "بانک ملی ایران" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Iran's interest-free banking law". Central Bank of Iran.
  19. ^ "مدير عامل بانك ملي ايران تنديس و لوح سپاس كنفرانس روابط عمومي ، صنعت، توليد ملي را دريافت كرد" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  20. ^ "درباره بانک :: تاریخچه بانک ملی ایران" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  21. ^ "BMI financial statements as of March 20, 2006". Bank Melli Iran.
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 13 December 2008. Retrieved 19 February 2016.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 29 January 2009. Retrieved 14 December 2008.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  24. ^ "بدهی 220 هزار میلیاردریالی دولت به بانک ملی/فعالیت شعب خارجی از سر گرفته شد/انعقاد 20 قرارداد مهم با بانک‌های خارجی – اخبار تسنیم – Tasnim". خبرگزاری تسنیم – Tasnim (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  25. ^ "بانک ملی ایران". ویکی‌پدیا، دانشنامهٔ آزاد (in Persian). 10 May 2018.
  26. ^ PoyaDomain.com. "پویا دامین | برگه پیدا نشد" (in Persian). Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  27. ^ a b U.S. Helps Iranian Bank Withdraw, Then Seeks To Freeze Funds, Josh Gerstein, The New York Sun, 9 November 2007
  28. ^ "U.S. top court turns away dispute involving Iran's Bank Melli". Reuters. 5 March 2018. Retrieved 7 March 2018.
  29. ^ a b US slaps sanctions on leading Iranian state-owned banks Agence France-Presse (25 October 2007).
  30. ^ BMI's announcement on US sanctions Bank Melli Iran.
  31. ^ [1] BBC (16 June 2008).
  32. ^ https://financialtribune.com/articles/economy-business-and-markets/65356/bank-melli-iran-revamping-european-branches
Bank of issue of Iran
Preceded by
Bank Shahi
Bank Melli Iran
1929–1960
Succeeded by
Central Bank of Iran