|The glenoid labrum, labeled glenoid ligament, is damaged in a Bankart lesion. Lateral view demonstrating the articular surface of the right scapula is shown.|
A Bankart lesion is an injury of the anterior (inferior) glenoid labrum of the shoulder due to anterior shoulder dislocation. When this happens, a pocket at the front of the glenoid forms that allows the humeral head to dislocate into it. It is an indication for surgery and often accompanied by a Hill-Sachs lesion, damage to the posterior humeral head.
The diagnosis is usually initially made by a combination of physical exam and medical imaging, where the latter may be projectional radiography (in cases of bony Bankart) and/or MRI of the shoulder. The presence of intra-articular contrast allows for better evaluation of the glenoid labrum. Type V SLAP tears extends into the Bankart defect.
Arthroscopic repair of Bankart injuries have good success rates, though nearly one-third of patients require further surgery for continued instability after the initial procedure in a study of young adults, with higher re-operation rates in those less than 20 years of age. Options for repair include an arthroscopic technique or a more invasive open Latarjet procedure, with the open technique tending to have a lower incidence of recurrent dislocation, but also a reduced range of motion following surgery.
X-ray at left shows anterior dislocation in a young man after trying to get up from his bed. X-ray at right shows same shoulder after reduction and internal rotation, revealing both a bony Bankart lesion and a Hill-Sachs lesion.
CT scan showing a bony Bankart lesion at the antero-inferior glenoid
Bankart lesion seen at arthroscopy
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- Who Named It.com - Bankart's Lesion
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- Flinkkilä, T; Knape, R; Sirniö, K; Ohtonen, P; Leppilahti, J (16 March 2017). "Long-term results of arthroscopic Bankart repair: Minimum 10 years of follow-up". Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy. 26 (1): 94–99. doi:10.1007/s00167-017-4504-z. PMID 28303281.
- Zimmermann, SM; Scheyerer, MJ; Farshad, M; Catanzaro, S; Rahm, S; Gerber, C (7 December 2016). "Long-Term Restoration of Anterior Shoulder Stability: A Retrospective Analysis of Arthroscopic Bankart Repair Versus Open Latarjet Procedure". The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume. 98 (23): 1954–1961. doi:10.2106/jbjs.15.01398. PMID 27926676.
- Wang, L; Liu, Y; Su, X; Liu, S (8 October 2015). "A Meta-Analysis of Arthroscopic versus Open Repair for Treatment of Bankart Lesions in the Shoulder". Medical Science Monitor : International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research. 21: 3028–35. doi:10.12659/msm.894346. PMC 4603609. PMID 26446430.
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