Banke National Park

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Banke National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Map showing the location of Banke National Park
Map showing the location of Banke National Park
Location Nepal
Nearest city Kohalpur
Coordinates 28°11′28″N 81°54′46″E / 28.1911°N 81.9128°E / 28.1911; 81.9128Coordinates: 28°11′28″N 81°54′46″E / 28.1911°N 81.9128°E / 28.1911; 81.9128
Area 550 km²[1]
Established 12 July 2010[1]
Governing body Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation

Banke National Park is located in the Mid-Western Region, Nepal and was established in 2010 as Nepal’s tenth national park after its recognition as a "Gift to the Earth".[1] The protected area covers an area of 550 km2 (210 sq mi) with most parts falling on the Churia range. The park is surrounded by a buffer zone of 344 km2 (133 sq mi) in the districts of Banke, Salyan and Dang.[2]

Together with the neighboring Bardia National Park, the coherent protected area of 1,518 km2 (586 sq mi) represents the Tiger Conservation Unit (TCU) Bardia-Banke.[3]

Vegetation[edit]

The vegetation in Banke National Park is composed of at least 113 tree species, 107 herbal species and 85 shrub and climber species. Common species include sal, axlewood, Semecarpus anacardium, khair, Terminalia alata.[4]

Fauna[edit]

The protected area holds tiger and four-horned antelope.[5] In 2014, a ruddy mongoose was recorded for the first time in the protected area.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c DNPWC (2010). Banke National Park Government of Nepal, Ministry of Forests and Soil Conservation, Department of National Parks and Soil Conservation
  2. ^ Bhushal, R.P. (2010). Nod to Banke National Park. The Himalayan Times, 13 May 2010
  3. ^ Wikramanayake, E.D., Dinerstein, E., Robinson, J.G., Karanth, K.U., Rabinowitz, A., Olson, D., Mathew, T., Hedao, P., Connor, M., Hemley, G., Bolze, D. (1999). Where can tigers live in the future? A framework for identifying high-priority areas for the conservation of tigers in the wild. Pages 255–272 in: Seidensticker, J., Christie, S., Jackson, P. (eds.) Riding the Tiger. Tiger conservation in human-dominated landscapes. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. hardback ISBN 0-521-64057-1, paperback ISBN 0-521-64835-1.
  4. ^ Napit, R. (2016). Species Diversity, Forest Community Structure and Regeneration in Banke National Park. Nepal Journal of Science and Technology 16(1): 17–30.
  5. ^ Dhakal, M., Karki (Thapa), M., Jnawali, S. R., Subedi, N., Pradhan, N. M. B., Malla, S., Lamichhane, B. R., Pokheral, C. P., Thapa, G. J., Oglethorpe, J., Subba, S. A., Bajracharya, P. R. & Yadav, H. 2014. Status of Tigers and prey in Nepal. Department of National Parks.
  6. ^ Subba, S.A., Malla, S., Dhakal, M., Thapa, B.B., Bahadur, L., Bhandari, K.O. and Bajracharya, P. (2014). Ruddy Mongoose Herpestes smithii: a new species for Nepal. Small Carnivore Conservation 51: 88–89.