From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bankera violascens (9737748490).jpg
Bankera violascens
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Thelephorales
Family: Bankeraceae
Genus: Bankera
Coker & Beers ex Pouzar (1955)
Type species
Bankera fuligineoalba
(J.C.Schmidt) Coker & Beers ex Pouzar (1955)

B. cinerea
B. fuligineoalba
B. mollis
B. violascens

Bankera is a genus of four species of tooth fungi in the family Bankeraceae. The genus was first circumscribed in 1951 by William Chambers Coker and Alma Holland Beers,[1] but this publication was invalid according to the rules of botanical nomenclature. It was later published validly by Zdeněk Pouzar in 1955.[2] The type species is B. fuligineoalba. The genus is ectomycorrhizal with gymnosperms, usually with trees from the pine family.[3]

Fruitbodies of Bankera species are fleshy, usually with a centrally-placed stipe, and greyish-brown spines on the hymenial undersurface. The texture of the flesh ranges from soft to tough, but it lacks the zones associated with some other Bankeraceae genera. Dried flesh often has a fenugreek odor. Spores range in shape from more or less spherical to ellipsoid, and are hyaline (translucent), with thin walls. In deposit, they are white. Bankera has a monomitic hyphal system with brownish to hyaline, inflated generative hyphae.[3]

In 2013, based on molecular and morphological evidence, Richard Baird proposed that the type species Bankera fuligineoalba be transferred into the genus Phellodon, as Phellodon fuligineoalbus.[4]



  1. ^ Coker WC, Beers AH (1951). The Stipitate Hydnums of the Eastern United States. Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press. p. 33. 
  2. ^ Pouzar Z. (1955). "Sbírejte losákovité houby!". Ceská Mykologie (in Czech). 9 (2): 95–96. 
  3. ^ a b Stalpers JA. (1993). "The Aphyllophoraceous fungi I. Keys to the species of the Thelephorales". Studies in Mycology. 35: 29–30. 
  4. ^ Baird RE, Wallace LE, Baker G, Scruggs M (2013). "Stipitate hydnoid fungi of the temperate southeastern United States". Fungal Diversity. 62 (1): 41–114. doi:10.1007/s13225-013-0261-6. 

External links[edit]