|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||220.84 km2 (85.27 sq mi)|
|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|• Density||640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-67, WB-68|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bankura, Bishnupur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bankura, Onda|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 BPL families
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 External links
- 10 References
From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj
From around the 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.
Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.
Bikna, a constituent panchayat in the block, is located at .
Bankura II CD Block is located in the central part of the district. It belongs to the Bankura-Bishnupur Rarh Plains. The elevation rises gradually in the undulating surface area but in the hilly tract it rises abruptly.
Bankura II CD Block has an area of 220.84 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 7 gram panchayats, 102 gram sansads (village councils), 154 mouzas and 144 inhabited villages. Bankura police station serves this block. Headquarters of this CD Block is at Village: Bikna, PO Kesiakole.
As per the 2011 Census of India Bankura II CD Block had a total population of 140,864, all of which were rural. There were 72,302 (51%) males and 68,562 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 15,927. Scheduled Castes numbered 41,998 (29.81%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 3,508 (2.49%).
As per 2001 census, Bankura II block had a total population of 123,374, out of which 63,306 were males and 60,068 were females. Bankura II block registered a population growth of 13.49 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 15.15 per cent. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Bankura II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Syamdaspur (4,714).
Other villages in Bankura II CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Narra (3,266), Purandarpur (2,189), Bikna (3,876), Kanchanpur (3,206), Junbede (3,493), Sanbanda (3,971), Ekteswar (2,039), and Kushtia (1,469).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Bankura II CD Block was 91,939 (73.59% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 53,283 (83.22% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 38,656 (63.46%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 19.76%.
As per the 2011 census, literacy in Bankura district was 70.26%, up from 63.44 in 2001 and 52.00% in 1991. Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Bankura Sadar subdivision|
|Saltora – 61.45%|
|Mejia – 66.83%|
|Gangajalghati – 68.11%|
|Chhatna – 65.73%|
|Bankura I – 68.74%|
|Bankura II – 73.59%|
|Barjora – 71.67%|
|Onda – 65.82%|
|Indas – 71.70%|
|Joypur – 74.57%|
|Patrasayer – 64.8%|
|Kotulpur – 78.01%|
|Sonamukhi – 66.16%|
|Bishnupur – 66.30%|
|Indpur – 67.42%|
|Ranibandh – 68.53%|
|Khatra – 72.18%|
|Hirbandh – 64.18%|
|Raipur – 71.33%|
|Sarenga – 74.25%|
|Simlapal – 68.44%|
|Taldangra – 70.87%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 137,486 and formed 97.60% of the population in Bankura II CD Block. Muslims numbered 2,208 and formed 1.57% of the population. Christians numbered 83 and formed 0.06% of the population. Others numbered 1,087 and formed 0.77% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
144 or 94% of mouzas in Bankura II CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Bankura II CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 10.98%, patta (document) holders 9.52%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 10.07%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 25.95% and agricultural labourers 43.48%.
In 2003-04 net area sown Bankura II CD Block was 10,859 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 3,501 hectares.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Bankura II CD Block was 3,602 hectares, out of which 1,350 hectares by tank water, 680 hectares by river lift irrigation, 1,300 hectares by shallow tubewells, 200 hectares by open dug wells and 72 hectares by other means.
In 2013-14, Bankura II CD Block produced 95,503 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 32,270 hectares, 61 tonnes of Boro paddy from 19 hectares, 185 tonnes of wheat from 72 hectares, 86,596,000 tonnes of potatoes from 3,128 hectare (yield 27,684 kg per hectare). It also produced pulses and mustard.
Handloom and pottery industries
The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Bankura II CD Block had 686 looms in operation. Bankura municipality (outside the CD Block) had 2,126 looms in operation.
Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. The terracotta and decorative items include horse, elephant, tiger, ox, flower vase, Mansa Saj, ash-tray and other items of religious use. These are produced in the following CD Blocks: Taldangra, Sonamukhi, Sarenga, Bankura I and Bankura II. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 63 families were involved in Bankura II CD Block.
In 2013-14, Bankura II CD Block had 7 originating/ terminating bus routes.
In 2013-14, Bankura II CD Block had 127 primary schools with 12,933 students, 6 middle schools with 694 students, 8 high schools with 7,123 students and 10 higher secondary schools with 9,204 students. Bankura II CD Block had 4 professional/ technical institution with 381 students and 208 institutions for special and non-formal education with 6,235 students. Bankura (municipal town) had 3 colleges and universities outside the CD Block. Bankura II CD Block had 5 mass literacy centres. 
In 2014, Bankura II CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 2 primary health centres and 1 private nursing home with total 94 beds and 5 doctors. It had 23 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 1,467 patients were treated indoor and 126,570 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block. 
- Bankura travel guide from Wikivoyage
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