|Community development block
সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
|• Type||Community development block|
|• Total||171.09 km2 (66.06 sq mi)|
|Elevation||89 m (292 ft)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
722146 (Rajagram )
|ISO 3166 code||IN-WB|
|Vehicle registration||WB-67, WB-68|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Bankura|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Bankura|
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demographics
- 4 BPL families
- 5 Economy
- 6 Transport
- 7 Education
- 8 Healthcare
- 9 External links
- 10 References
From Bishnupur kingdom to the British Raj
From around 7th century AD till around the advent of British rule, for around a millennium, history of Bankura district is identical with the rise and fall of the Hindu Rajas of Bishnupur. The Bishnupur Rajas, who were at the summit of their fortunes towards the end of the 17th century, started declining in the first half of the 18th century. First, the Maharaja of Burdwan seized the Fatehpur Mahal, and then the Maratha invasions laid waste their country.
Bishnupur was ceded to the British with the rest of Burdwan chakla in 1760. In 1787, Bishnupur was united with Birbhum to form a separate administrative unit. In 1793 it was transferred to the Burdwan collectorate. In 1879, the district acquired its present shape with the thanas of Khatra and Raipur and the outpost of Simplapal being transferred from Manbhum, and the thanas of Sonamukhi, Kotulpur and Indas being retransferred from Burdwan. However, it was known for sometime as West Burdwan and in 1881 came to be known as Bankura district.
Bankura is located at.
Bankura I CD Block is located in the central part of the district. It belongs to the Bankura-Bishnupur Rarh Plains. The elevation rises gradually in the undulating surface area but in the hilly tract it rises abruptly.
Bankura I CD Block has an area of 171.09 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 6 gram panchayats, 82 gram sansads (village councils), 150 mouzas and 137 inhabited villages. Bankura and Bankura Women police stations serve this block. Headquarters of this CD Block are at Puabagan.
As per the 2011 Census of India Bankura I CD Block had a total population of 107,685, all of which were rural. There were 55,079 (51%) males and 52,606 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 12,553. Scheduled Castes numbered 39,953 (37.10%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 6,554 (6.09%).
As per 2001 census, Bankura I block had a total population of 95,824, out of which 48,988 were males and 46,836 were females. Bankura I block registered a population growth of 13.49 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 13.79 per cent. Growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.
Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Bankura I CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Dhaldanga (4,058).
As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Bankura I CD Block was 65,395 (68.74% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 38,513 (79.87% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 26,882 (57.87%) of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 21.25%.
As per the 2011 census, literacy in Bankura district was 70.26%, up from 63.44 in 2001 and 52.00% in 1991. Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011. Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of
|Bankura Sadar subdivision|
|Saltora – 61.45%|
|Mejia – 66.83%|
|Gangajalghati – 68.11%|
|Chhatna – 65.73%|
|Bankura I – 68.74%|
|Bankura II – 73.59%|
|Barjora – 71.67%|
|Onda – 65.82%|
|Indas – 71.70%|
|Joypur – 74.57%|
|Patrasayer – 64.8%|
|Kotulpur – 78.01%|
|Sonamukhi – 66.16%|
|Bishnupur – 66.30%|
|Indpur – 67.42%|
|Ranibandh – 68.53%|
|Khatra – 72.18%|
|Hirbandh – 64.18%|
|Raipur – 71.33%|
|Sarenga – 74.25%|
|Simlapal – 68.44%|
|Taldangra – 70.87%|
2011 Census: CD Block Wise
Primary Census Abstract Data
Language and religion
In the 2011 census Hindus numbered 89,511 and formed 83.12% of the population in Bankura I CD Block. Muslims numbered 15,158 and formed 14.08% of the population. Christians numbered 42 and formed 0.04% of the population. Others numbered 2,974 and formed 2.76% of the population. Others include Addi Bassi, Marang Boro, Santal, Saranath, Sari Dharma, Sarna, Alchchi, Bidin, Sant, Saevdharm, Seran, Saran, Sarin, Kheria, and other religious communities.
Migration has been observed in the following CD Blocks of Bankura district: Bankura I, Chhatna, Saltora, Indpur, Ranibandh, Hirbandh, Khatra, Raipur and Sarenga. Although authentic figures are not available, a sample survey has been done. According to the sample survey, around 54.5% to 85.4% of the families on an average migrate from these blocks. Another study shows that around 23% of the people from the under-privileged blocks in the western and southern Bankura migrate. Those migrating belong mostly to the SC or ST population. They migrate for periods varying from 15 days to 6/8 months. Most people migrate to meet their food deficit and go to Bardhaman and Hooghly districts but some go to Gujarat and Maharashtra as construction labour.
147 or 98% of mouzas in Bankura I CD Block were electrified by 31 March 2014.
In Bankura district in 2010-11, 34.92% of the operational holdings were held in marginal holdings of less than 1 hectare by 68.22% of the holders. Another 31.16% of the operational holdings were held in small holdings between 1 and 2 hectares by 21.05% of the holders. In Bankura district, 23,389 hectares of vested land was distributed amongst 191,915 beneficiaries up to 31 October 2013.
In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Bankura I CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 6.29%, patta (document) holders 10.26%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 13.72%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 39.28% and agricultural labourers 30.45%.
In 2003-04 net area sown Bankura I CD Block was 10,844 hectares and the area in which more than one crop was grown was 1,869 hectares.
In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Bankura I CD Block was 2,326 hectares, out of which 198 hectares by canal water, 925 hectares by tank water, 660 hectares by river lift irrigation, 78 hectares by shallow tubewells, 300 hectares by open dug wells and 165 hectares by other means.
In 2013-14, Bankura I CD Block produced 25,440 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop, from 9,255 hectares, 319 tonnes of Aus paddy from 15 hectares, 12 tonnes of Boro paddy from 4 hectares, 14 tonnes of wheat from 6 hectares, 1,524,000 tonnes of potatoes from 55 hectare (yield 27,700 kg per hectare). It also produced pulses and mustard.
Handloom and pottery industries
The handloom industry engages the largest number of persons in the non farm sector and hence is important in Bankura district. The handloom industry is well established in all the CD Blocks of the district and includes the famous Baluchari saris. In 2004-05 Bankura I CD Block had 762 looms in operation. Bankura municipality (outside the CD Block) had 2,126 looms in operation.
Bankura district is famous for the artistic excellence of its pottery products that include the famous Bankura horse. The range of pottery products is categorised as follows: domestic utilities, terracota and other decorative items and roofing tiles and other heavy pottery items. The terracotta and decorative items include horse, elephant, tiger, ox, flower vase, Mansa Saj, ash-tray and other items of religious use. These are produced in the following CD Blocks: Taldangra, Sonamukhi, Sarenga, Bankura I and Bankura II. Around 3,200 families were involved in pottery making in the district in 2002. 115 families were involved in Bankura I CD Block.
In 2013-14, Bankura I CD Block had 6 originating/ terminating bus routes.
The Kharagpur–Adra line of South Eastern Railway passes through this CD Block. There are stations at Bankura and Anchuri.
In 2013–14, Bankura I CD Block had 109 primary schools with 10,663 students, 10 middle schools with 1,042 students, 14 high schools with 8,352 students and 9 higher secondary schools with 9,137 students. Bankura I CD Block had 1 professional/ technical institution with 996 students and 177 institutions for special and non-formal education with 4,905 students. Bankura (municipal town) had 3 colleges and universities outside the CD Block. Bankura I CD Block had 6 mass literacy centres. 
In 2014, Bankura I CD Block had 1 hospital, 1 rural hospital and 2 primary health centres with total 650 beds and 5 doctors. It had 18 family welfare sub centres and 1 family welfare centre. 3,548 patients were treated indoor and 147,704 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block. 
- Bankura travel guide from Wikivoyage
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