Ford Green Brook

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Ford Green Brook
Stream south of Brindley Ford (geograph 4899605).jpg
Ford Green Brook near Brindley Ford
Ford Green Brook is located in Staffordshire
Ford Green Brook
Ford Green brook within Staffordshire
Nickname(s)Banky Brook
Location
CountryEngland
CountiesStaffordshire
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationMow Cop
Mouth 
 - location
Milton, Staffordshire
 - coordinates
53°02′39″N 2°08′43″W / 53.0442°N 2.1453°W / 53.0442; -2.1453Coordinates: 53°02′39″N 2°08′43″W / 53.0442°N 2.1453°W / 53.0442; -2.1453
Length10 km (6.2 mi)[1]
Basin size15 km2 (5.8 sq mi)[1]
Progression : Ford Green Brook—TrentHumber

Ford Green Brook flows through Staffordshire and the outlying areas of Stoke-on-Trent, England. It is the first named tributary stream of the River Trent, and is 6.2 miles (10 km) long.[1][2]

Course and catchment[edit]

Its source is below Mow Cop, on the flank of the gritstone edge on which the village is located. The brook flows south-east in a narrow valley, through Brindley Ford and then into conurbation of Stoke-on-Trent. It passes through the site of the disused Chatterley Whitfield colliery, where it was once culverted, and then flows between Bradeley and Norton-in-the-moors to Ford Green. The brook then flows to the east of Smallthorne, and Sneyd Green where it passes beneath the Caldon Canal, joining the Trent near Milton, Staffordshire.[2]

The catchment, which lies between that of the Head of Trent to the north and east, and that of the Scotia brook to the south and west, has an area of 15 square kilometres (5.8 sq mi). Ford Green valley was at one time the location for heavy industry, with local collieries such as the Chatterley-Whitfield, supplying coal to the Ford Green ironworks.[3]

In their place, a number of parks and wildlife sites have now been created linked together by a cycle route. These include the Chatterley-Whitfield heritage park, the Whitfield Valley nature reserve, and Holden Lane pools.[4][5][6]

Banky Brook[edit]

Banky Brook was the traditional name given to the stream as it passed through Stoke. It was a popular place for local children to play in the past. A street in the nearby village of Bradeley is named Banky Brook Close.[7]

Floods[edit]

In August 1987, following intense rainfall, the brook overflowed and flooded the 16th century Ford Green Hall an historic house museum. The floods reached a depth of 4–5 feet within the house and antique furniture was seen floating through the lower rooms. The damage caused by the storm meant that the hall had to close for two years whilst it was renovated and repaired.[8]

Wildlife and ecology[edit]

Ford Green brook has been classed as having poor ecological quality under the Water Framework Directive. This is one of the lower bands in the five part framework scale, which ranges from high, good, and moderate, through to poor and finally bad.[9]

Despite the low ecological classification, sites along the brook support a variety of flora and fauna, including water voles, grass snakes, and dragonflies. The Ford Green reed bed, at the lower end of Whitfield Valley nature reserve has been designated as a Site of Special Scientific Interest. This is because substantial flocks of swallows Hirundo rustica congregate here before migrating for the winter.[5][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "WFD Surface Water Classification Status and Objectives 2012 csv files". Environment-agency.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 24 February 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  2. ^ a b Ordnance Survey (2006). 118 Stoke-on-Trent & Macclesfield. OS Landranger Map Series. Ordnance Survey. ISBN 9780319229064.
  3. ^ "Ford Green ironworks". Historical overview / Iron and Steel. Staffs Past Track. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  4. ^ "Chatterley-Whitfield country park". Country Parks. Stoke on Trent City Council. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Whitfield Valley". Nature Reserves. Stoke on Trent City Council. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  6. ^ "Holden Lane Pools". Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  7. ^ "Bradeley". Stoke on Trent Streets. thepotteries.org. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  8. ^ "Nostalgia Letter: Extreme floods were a real disaster for many". The Sentinel. 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
  9. ^ "Water Framework Directive - River Basin Management Plans". What's in your Backyard. Environment Agency. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
  10. ^ "Whitfield Valley". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 14 March 2014.