Bannock people

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"Bannocks" redirects here. For other uses, see Bannock.
Bannock
Bannock.jpg
Bannock people in Idaho
Total population
89 alone and in combination[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States ( Idaho)
Languages
Northern Paiute language,[2] English
Religion
Native American Church, Sun Dance, traditional tribal religion,[3] Christianity, Ghost Dance
Related ethnic groups
Northern Paiute, Northern Shoshone[4]

The Bannock tribe of the Northern Paiute are culturally affiliated with the Northern Shoshone and are in the Great Basin classification of Indigenous People. Their traditional lands include southeastern Oregon, southeastern Idaho,[5] western Wyoming, and southwestern Montana.[6] Today they are enrolled in the federally recognized Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation of Idaho, located on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation.

History[edit]

Illustration by Frederic Remington of a Bannock hunting party fording the Snake River during the Bannock War of 1895

Traditionally, Bannock traded with surrounding tribes. After their adoption of the horse in the mid-18th century, they traded horses with the Nez Perce.[7] They made pottery, utensils from mountain sheep horns, and carrying bags from salmon skin. Their petroglyphs date back before European contact, and, after the introduction of glass beads, they transferred their geometric design to beadwork. For water transport, they made tule reed rafts.[8] Prior to the late 19th century, Bannock people fished for salmon on the Snake River in Idaho and in the fall, they hunted buffalo herds. Buffalo hides provided material for tipis.[9]

The Bannock are prominent in American history due to the Bannock War of 1878. After the war, the Bannock moved onto the Fort Hall Indian Reservation with the Northern Shoshone and gradually their tribes merged. Today they are called the Shoshone-Bannock. The Bannock live on the Fort Hall Indian Reservation, 544,000 acres (2,201 km²) in Southeastern Idaho.[5] Lemhi and Northern Shoshone live with the Bannock Indians.

In the 2010 Census, 89 people identified as Bannock ancestry, 38 full-blooded. However, 5,315 are enrolled in the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes of the Fort Hall Reservation, not stating specifically their tribe.[1]

Notable Bannock people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2010 Census CPH-T-6. American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010" (PDF). www.census.gov. Retrieved 2015. 
  2. ^ "Bannock." Countries and Their Cultures. (retrieved 14 Aug 2011)
  3. ^ " Northern Paiute - Religion and Expressive Culture ". Countries and Their Cultures. (retrieved 14 Aug 2011)
  4. ^ Pritzker 2000, p. 236
  5. ^ a b Chisholm 1911, Banate.
  6. ^ Pritzker 2000, p. 224.
  7. ^ Pritzker 2000, p. 226.
  8. ^ Pritzker 2000, p. 238.
  9. ^ Pritzker 2000, p. 225.

References[edit]

  • Pritzker, Barry M. (2000). A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1. 

External links[edit]