Bannockburn

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Bannockburn
Wfm bannockburn main street.jpg
The centre of Bannockburn
Bannockburn is located in Stirling
Bannockburn
Bannockburn
Bannockburn shown within the Stirling council area
Population7,352 
OS grid referenceNS811902
• Edinburgh35 mi (56 km) ESE
• London410 mi (660 km) SSE
Council area
Lieutenancy area
CountryScotland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSTIRLING
Postcode districtFK7
Dialling code01786
PoliceScottish
FireScottish
AmbulanceScottish
EU ParliamentScotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
Websitewww.bannockburn.co.uk
List of places
UK
Scotland
56°05′N 3°55′W / 56.09°N 3.91°W / 56.09; -3.91Coordinates: 56°05′N 3°55′W / 56.09°N 3.91°W / 56.09; -3.91

Bannockburn (Scottish Gaelic Allt a' Bhonnaich) is a town immediately south of the city of Stirling in Scotland. It is named after the Bannock Burn, a burn (small stream) running through the town before flowing into the River Forth.

History[edit]

Land in the vicinity of Bannockburn town, probably between the Pelstream and Bannock burns (hence Bannockburn),[1] was the site of the Battle of Bannockburn fought in 1314—one of the pivotal battles of the 13th/14th century Wars of Independence between the kingdoms of Scotland and England.[HES 1] A large monument and visitor centre is located near the site of the battle.[2] In previous generations tourists came to visit the site and look at the Borestone.[3][HES 2] The dignity of the barony of Bannockburn is currently held by Hope Vere Anderson a descendent of the Sandilands and Vere families of Sandilands and Lesmahagow, Lanarkshire who were the original Barons of Bannockburn in the 14th. century. In the year of 1746, after the Battle of Culloden, Bonny Prince Charlie stayed in Bannockburn House where he met the future mother of his child.

Telford's circular-arch roadbridge over the Bannock Burn

Bannockburn village used to be famous for its carpet and tweed factories.[4] In the late 18th and early 19th centuries the Wilson family of Bannockburn designed and wove tartans for the British Army. Many of the so-called Clan tartans were created by the Wilsons in response to the needs of the Clan chiefs who, without their own authentic tartans, approached the Wilsons for suitable patterns. The visit of King George IV to Edinburgh in 1822, and his insistence that the Clan chiefs attend his banquets and levees in their Clan tartans, prompted this reaction. The Wilson family ceased business in 1924.

A circular-arch stone bridge, built by engineer Thomas Telford, spans the burn downstream of the battle site.[HES 3] Growth of both Stirling and Bannockburn during the 19th and 20th centuries means that the two now form a contiguous conurbation, and Bannockburn was latterly incorporated into the city (then royal burgh) of Stirling. Bannockburn had a population of 7352 at the time of the 2001 census.[5]

The area contains most necessary amenities, including a library, bank and local shops. It is served by Bannockburn Primary School, in the centre of the community, and Bannockburn High School in nearby Broomridge. Several new private housing schemes have been built in and around Bannockburn since the 1990s, increasing pressure on the already-overcrowded high school. As a result of this, Bannockburn High School has, in 2007 and 2008, been extended to provide additional capacity.

Between 1852 and 1949 Bannockburn had a railway station on the Scottish Central Railway,[6] located next to the site of the bus depot, but residents wishing to use the train must nowadays travel into the centre of Stirling. Introduction of a new station with a park-and-ride facility was proposed in the Strategic Transport Projects Review in 2009.[7] Bannockburn is served by the 38, 54, 54A, 56 and 60 bus services.

Sport[edit]

Football

Bannockburn and Hillpark have two amateur football teams, Bannockburn Amateurs[8] (Est. 1968) and Milton Amateurs FC[9] (Est. 1972).

Bannockburn Amateurs won the West of Scotland Amateur Cup for the fourth time in 2009.

Rugby

Bannockburn also hosts its own Rugby Club. Formerly known as St Modans HSFP RFC (Est. 1978), it changed its name to Bannockburn RFC in 1996. Bannockburn currently plays in the Scottish Hydro Electric Regional League: Caledonia Division 2 Midlands.

Cricket

Banncokburn also plays host to St Modans HSFP Cricket Club, who play in the Strathmore and Perthshire Cricket Union Division 1. In July 2013, playing against Perth Doo'cot CC, St Modans scored 329 runs in response to Perth's 326, making it what is believed to be the highest scoring game ever recorded in the SPCU.[10]

Places of worship[edit]

  • Murrayfield United Free Church Of Scotland [11]
  • Our Lady and St Ninian's R.C. Church[12]

The town also has a Gospel Hall and two Church of Scotland churches. Christadelphians meet in a hall on Main Street.[13] The hall used to be a carpet factory.[14]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "OS 25 inch map 1892-1949, with Bing opacity slider". National Library of Scotland. Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 12 October 2017.
  2. ^ Penny Guide to Stirling, Stirling Castle, Wallace Monument, Bannockburn, Etc. R.S. Shearer. 1895. p. 20. Retrieved 5 April 2017.
  3. ^ Ronald, James (1897). The Merchants' guide book to Stirling and district. Stirling: E. MacKay. pp. 52–54.
  4. ^ Illustrated guide to Stirling and the national Wallace monument (9th ed.). Stirling: Mackay, Eneas. 1897. p. 21. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
  5. ^ "2001 CENSUS RESULTS BANNOCKBURN COMMUNITY COUNCIL AREA" (PDF). Corporate Services, Stirling Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-01-09. Retrieved 2009-06-03.
  6. ^ Brown, David (12 April 2009). "Bannockburn Railway Station". Bannockburn Community Website. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Annex A: Summary of Draft Investments". Strategic Transport Projects Review Final Report. Transport Scotland. 2 November 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
  8. ^ Bannockburn Amateurs Archived February 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Milton Amateurs FC Archived April 8, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ http://www.dailyrecord.co.uk/sport/local-sport/cricket-big-ben-chimes-out-2722693
  11. ^ "Murrayfield United Free Church Of Scotland". Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  12. ^ "Our Lady and St Ninian's". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
  13. ^ 'Stirling' on searchforhope.org
  14. ^ J. Smith, 'Bannockburn: The Capital of Tartan Weaving Archived February 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.' (2008) on Bannockburn Community Website

Historic Environment Scotland

External links[edit]