The Serbian Banovina (Serbo-Croatian: Srpska banovina/Српска бановина), or Banovina of Serbia (Banovina Srbija/Бановина Србија), officially known as "the Serbian Lands" (Srpske zemlje/Српске земље), was a proposed administrative unit of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Its creation was proposed after the establishment of the Banovina of Croatia in 1939. However, due to the Axis occupation and partition of Yugoslavia in 1941 (see World War II in Yugoslavia), the proposal was never implemented.
The creation of the Banovina of Croatia in 1939–40 had been negotiated between Prime Minister Dragiša Cvetković and Croatian leader Vladko Maček (of the HSS) in March–August 1939, and settled through an agreement on 26 August. Croatia now became the only banovina constituted on the principle of nationality, named after the majority people (with only a minority left outside it), and thus was close to a nation-state. The agreement had little support from Serbian political parties, and the Serbian Orthodox Church and Yugoslav Army opposed it. Relations between Croatian and Serbian politicians (and Croats and Serbs) strained. Its creation opened the question of the political status of the Serb people ("the Serbian question") in the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, with some Serb intellectuals (notably the members of the Serbian Cultural Club) and politicians (including some members of the Yugoslav government, such as Dragiša Cvetković) proposed and planned the creation of the Serbian Banovina, which would include the territory of the existing banovinas of Vrbas, Drina, Danube, Morava, Zeta and Vardar. The Banovina of Croatia included a notable Serb population, while the Serbian Banovina would similarly include a notable non-Slavic population. The plans were affirmed in the February 1940 number of Glas. It was stated that apart from the Banovina of Croatia, only the Serbian Banovina and Banovina of Slovenia had the right to exist. The organization of the proposed banovina was supposed to be similar to that of Croatia.
According to 1931 Yugoslav census, the existing banovinas that, according to the proposal, would be included into the Banovina of Serbia had the following population:
- Vrbas Banovina: 1,037,382, of which 600,529 (58%) Orthodox Christians
- Drina Banovina: 1,534,739, of which 992,924 (65%) Orthodox Christians
- Danube Banovina: 2,387,295, of which 1,393,269 (58%) Orthodox Christians
- Morava Banovina: 1,435,584, of which 1,364,490 (95%) Orthodox Christians
- Zeta Banovina: 925,516, of which 516,490 (56%) Orthodox Christians
- Vardar Banovina: 1,574,243, of which 1,046,039 (66%) Orthodox Christians
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