Banovo Brdo

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Banovo Brdo seen from the Ada Ciganlija lake

Banovo Brdo, pronounced [bǎːnɔ̝v̞ɔ̝ː br̩̂dɔ̝], is a neighbourhood of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is located in Belgrade's municipality of Čukarica.

Location[edit]

Banovo Brdo is bounded by the neighborhoods of Čukarica in the west, Ada Ciganlija and Careva Ćuprija in the north, Topčider and Košutnjak in the east and Žarkovo and Julino Brdo in the south. Eastern parts of Banovo Brdo make two sub-neighborhoods, Golf Naselje and Sunčana Padina. Most parts of Banovo brdo are 7 km (4.34 miles) away from the downtown of Belgrade.

History[edit]

In the mid-2010s, members of the Urban Development Center, who explore and document the Belgrade's underground, discovered an ancient lagum, underground corridor in the Radnička street. It was dug under the foothills of Banovo Brdo, in the slope of the white stone. The lagum is large, with spacious, hand chiseled hallways. After it was abandoned at some point, the entrance was covered with rubble and later completely forgotten.[1] As of 2017 it still hasn't been properly explored so it is unknown from which period it originates.

The area was previously called Golo brdo (“Naked hill”) or Ordija. In the second half of the 19th century, an author and diplomat, native of Dubrovnik - Matija Ban (1818–1903) bought an estate on the location of the present Banovo Brdo. After his surname, he named his estate Banovac. Soon, other wealthy Belgraders began to settle around his estate, planting grapes and orchards and soon named the whole neighborhood that developed on the hill Banovo Brdo (Ban's Hill).[2]

Characteristics[edit]

Banovo Brdo generally stretches along the Požeška street, the main street connecting the central parts of the Belgrade with the southwestern boroughs and suburbs (most notably, Žarkovo, Labudovo Brdo, Petlovo Brdo, etc.) and itself is the initial part of the Požeška street-Trgovačka street direction which continues into the Ibarska magistrala (Highway of Ibar), one of the major roads in western Serbia.

There are three elementary/middle schools, Josif Pančić, Banović Strahinja and Filip Kljajic-Fića, as well as school for kids with special needs, Milojе Pavlović. There are also two high schools, XIII Belgrade Gymnasium and High School of Chemistry, and two public colleges, Faculty of Forestry, and Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade.

Since the 1980s, the Požeška street became one of the busiest streets in the city, gradually developing into one of the most prosperous trading and commercial parts of Belgrade. The uniqueness of Banovo Brdo lies in the fact that it functions as a city within a city, with its own walking zone, park and commercial area.

The thorough reconstruction of the central Požeška street started in the summer of 2009. Until it was finished in the beginning of 2010, the massive change in the traffic and the public transportation routes caused a lots of problems for the citizens. After the works were done it was obvious that the quality of the job was not satisfactory. Even the city government protested to the "Svitelski" company which conducted the reconstruction.[3]

One of the symbols of the neighborhood is the "Šumadija" cinema, part of the complex of Čukarica Cultural Centre in Turgenjevljeva Street. The construction began in 1950 and with constant changes and additions, continued to 1959 when was finished. It was officially declared a Čukarica Cultural House on 28 February 1960. It contained cinema, library, theatre scene, concert hall, etc. Television Belgrade's first quiz show, hosted by Mića Orlović, was broadcast from here. The venue was considered to be one of the most modern in Yugoslavia at the time, patterned after the Soviet halls. It hosted shows, orchestral concerts, box matches, revues, musicls, etc. The cinema was fully renovated in 2001 and privatized, but the new owners closed it in 2003. The complex later returned to the municipal ownership and in 2017 the reconstruction began. By the December 2017 it should be reopened.[4]

Population[edit]

The population of the local community (mesna zajednica) of Banovo Brdo was 5,887 in 2002, but the population of the neighborhood which comprises several other local communities was 37,491.[5] After changes in the boundaries of the local communities, population of the Banovo Brdo community was 13,668 and of the wider area 35,373.[6]

Arboretum[edit]

New building of the Faculty of forestry was built in 1956, right above Careva Ćuprija, where the northwest section of the vast wood of Košutnjak begins at an altitude of 110-125 meters. Professors and students began developing a dendrology collection in 1957, which grew into the Arboretum of the Faculty of Forestry, a specific botanical garden which was protected by the state in July 2011 as the natural monument. It is used as an classroom in the open, for the practical studies of the students but also by the scientist for their work. The arboretum has its nursery garden and the greenhouse. On 6.7 hecaters, the arboretum holds 2,000 individual specimen of 300 trees and shrubs. They include 218 deciduous and 24 conifer species, out of which 80 are ornamental, and 40 species of the perennial plants. There are 77 domestic and 146 foreign species, including: narrow-leafed ash, Balkan maple, Balkan forsythia, laburnum, giant sequoia, cedar, cherry laurel (new variety developed in arboretum), Himalayan pine and the oldest metasequoia in Belgrade.[7][8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ A.M. (2 July 2017), "Podzemno blago Čukarice", Politika-Magazin No. 1031 (in Serbian), p. 19 
  2. ^ Branka Vasiljević (26 December 2011). "Stotinu čukaričkih svećica" (in Serbian). Politika. 
  3. ^ Dejan Aleksić (18 September 2017), "Gunđalo se i kada su sređivane Nemanjina, „Gazela"...", Politika (in Serbian) 
  4. ^ Branka Vasiljević (26 October 2017), "Pozorište u bioskopu "Šumadija"" [Theatre in cinema "Šumadija"], Politika (in Serbian), p. 16 
  5. ^ Popis stanovništva po mesnim zajednicama, Saopštenje 40/2002, page 4. Zavod za informatiku i statistiku grada Beograda. 26 July 2002. 
  6. ^ Stanovništvo po opštinama i mesnim zajednicama, Popis 2011. Grad Beograd – Sektor statistike (xls file). 23 April 2015. 
  7. ^ M.Janković (March 2014), "Skriveni svet drveća i bilja", Politika (in Serbian) 
  8. ^ "Arboretum Šumarskog fakulteta – urbana oaza" (in Serbian). Beoinfo. 28 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Branka Vasiljević (2011), "Botanička bašta u Košutnjaku postala zaštićeno dobro", Politika (in Serbian) 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°46′33″N 20°25′06″E / 44.77583°N 20.41833°E / 44.77583; 20.41833